Societal security

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Not to be confused with the concept of Social security

Societal security is a concept developed by the Copenhagen School of security studies that refers to 'the ability of a society to persist in its essential character under changing conditions and possibible or actual threats'.[1]


The concept of societal security developed by the Copenhagen School has been subject to several academic criticisms. Theiler argues that when discussing societal security there is a tendency to reify societies as independent social agents. Theiler also states that a too vague definition of identity is deployed when discussing the concept and there is a failure to 'demonstrate sufficiently that social security matters to individuals'.[2]


  1. ^ Waever, Ole, (1993) Identity, Migration and the New Security Agenda in Europe p23
  2. ^ Theiler, T. (2003), Societal security and social psychology, Review of International Studies (2003), 29 : pp 249-268

Further reading[edit]

  • McSweeney, Bill, (1996), Identity and Security: Buzan and the Copenhagen School, Review of International Studies, 22, 81-96

External links[edit]