Society for Human Resource Management
|Society for Human Resource Management|
|Motto||"Leading people. Leading organizations."|
|President & CEO||Henry C. (Hank) Jackson|
The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is a professional human resources association headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia. The largest such association in its field, SHRM promotes the role of HR as a profession and provides education, certification, and networking to its members while lobbying Congress on issues pertinent to labor management.
Originally founded in 1948 as the American Society for Personnel Administration (ASPA), the organization operated on a volunteer basis until 1964, at which time it established an official headquarters in Berea, Ohio, and began hiring staff members. In 1984, the headquarters was moved to Alexandria, Va., and in 1989, the organization officially changed its name to the Society for Human Resource Management. Today, SHRM has over 340 staff members and over 250,000 members in 140 countries.
SHRM is involved in lobbying governmental bodies regarding workplace law and industry practice. For example, in April 2008, SHRM announced in a press release that its representatives had appeared before the US Senate to petition for changes in the administration of the Family and Medical Leave Act.
Additionally, the organization announced in the November 2003 issue of its HR Magazine that it had submitted a position paper to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission suggesting factors the agency should consider when determining how to amend the definition of the term "job applicant" for the purposes of record keeping required by companies in order to comply with affirmative action and anti-discrimination laws.
In 2003, SHRM conducted an e-mail survey of its members intended to gauge the effectives of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), and provide feedback on how the commission could improve its operations. It presented the results of this survey to the EEOC at a meeting on September 8, 2003.
In November 2006, the Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) of the U.S. Department of Labor established an alliance with SHRM to encourage and promote the employment of people with disabilities.
Michael Aitken serves as SHRM's Director of Governmental Affairs. Lisa Horn is SHRM's Manager of Health Care. Michael Layman is Manager of Labor and Employment Policy for SHRM. These three lead several employer association coalitions on policy issues including immigration, workplace flexibility, and pay equity.
In the late 1960s, faced with the task of establishing human resources as a profession, the then-ASPA determined that it would be necessary to establish a certification program. Years of efforts to that end culminated in the creation of the ASPA Accreditation Institute, or AAI, which began offering certificates in 1976. The organization was later renamed, in 1979, to the Personnel Accreditation Institute, and then, when the ASPA changed its name to SHRM in 1989, the PAI changed its name to the Human Resource Certification Institute.
The testing offered by the organization has likewise changed repeatedly over the years, but today the HR Certification Institute offers three certificates: Professional in Human Resources (PHR), Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR), and Global Professional in Human Resources (GPHR). In addition to testing, SHRM also offers courses to help prepare for the exams.
Publications and events
SHRM publishes a monthly periodical called HR Magazine. HR Magazine, which was established in 1956 has a monthly print circulation of 242,881 copies. This and other periodicals are also available on the SHRM Online website, which has 530,000 unique visitors, 1.1 million visits, and 8.6 million page views each month.  The organization also distributes a variety of online newsletters on various topics related to the field of human resources, and the SHRM website has been described by the New York Times as a source of "excellent information for the human resource professional as well as for employees". SHRM also hosts seminars and annual conferences on various topics, as well as an event known as the "HRGames," in which undergraduate students who are members of SHRM can compete in a series of contests testing their knowledge of the field of human resources.
SHRM has more than 575 affiliated chapters located all over the world, including school and professional groups.
- Jonathan E. DeGraff (21 February 2010). "The Changing Environment of Professional HR Associations". Cornell HR Review. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- SHRM Website: About SHRM
- http://www.shrm.org/press_published/CMS_025255.asp#P-4_0 SHRM Press Release: Who Does the Work When Employees Take FMLA Leave?
- HR Magazine, November 2003: SHRM submits definition of 'job applicant' to EEOC
- Camille A. Olson (8 September 2003). "Securing EEOC's Continued Effectiveness". EEOC. Archived from the original on 14 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- Peggy Abrahamson (13 November 2006). "U.S. Department of Labor Forms Alliance with SHRM to Promote Employment of Workers with Disabilities". U.S. Department of Labor. Archived from the original on 14 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- HRCI Website: About Us
- "Business Media Advertising Source". SRDS, Inc. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- Sreenath Sreenivasan (10 March 1997). "Web Transforms World of Personnel". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- SHRM Website: About HRGames