Society of St. Pius V
The priests of SSPV broke away from the Society of St. Pius X over liturgical issues, and hold that many in the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church no longer adhere to the Catholic faith but instead profess a new, modernist, Conciliar religion. SSPV priests regard the questions of the legitimacy of the present hierarchy and the possibility that the Holy See is unoccupied (sedevacantism) to be unresolved. The SSPV is led by its founder, Bishop Clarence Kelly.
The SSPV developed out of the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX), the traditionalist organization founded by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre. In 1983, Lefebvre expelled four priests (Fr. Clarence Kelly, Fr. Daniel Dolan, Fr. Anthony Cekada, and Fr. Eugene Berry) of the SSPX's Northeast USA District from the society, partly because they were opposed to his instructions that Mass be celebrated according to the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal issued by John XXIII. Other issues occasioning the split were Lefebvre's order that Society priests must accept the decrees of nullity handed down by diocesan marriage tribunals and the acceptance of new members into the group who had been ordained to the priesthood according to the revised sacramental rites of Pope Paul VI.
"The Nine" (the four expelled priests plus five who voluntarily left the SSPX) balked at Lefebvre's imposition of the 1962 missal which they believed included departures from the liturgical traditions of the Church (for example, adding the name of St. Joseph to the Canon of the Mass). A more basic reason was the belief amongst the Nine that the men who had reigned as pope since the death of Pope Pius XII (d. 1958) had not been legitimate popes (Canon 1325, no. 2, 1917), although Fr. Cekada later stated that "...[t]he 'pope question' was not raised at the time, and was not at issue"). They held that these Popes had officially taught and/or accepted heretical doctrines and therefore had lost or never occupied the See of Rome (Canon 188, no. 4, 1917) Like the Society of St. Pius X, they believed that there had been novel interpretations of the traditional teachings of the Church on issues such as religious liberty. One of the Nine, Fr. Dolan, admitted that while a member of the SSPX, he had concluded that the See of Peter was vacant.
"The Nine" set up a new priestly society under the leadership of Fr. Clarence Kelly, their former District Superior. The eight priests were Frs. Thomas Zapp, Donald Sanborn, Anthony Cekada, Daniel Dolan, William Jenkins, Eugene Berry, Joseph Collins, and Martin Skierka. Additional priests joined shortly thereafter.
Within a few years, about half of the original nine SSPV priests separated from Fr. Kelly. Most of them formed an openly sedevacantist group, "Catholic Restoration", under the leadership of Frs. Dolan and Sanborn. Both were later consecrated as bishops in the episcopal lineage of the Vietnamese Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc Pierre Martin. The other priests founded independent ministries.
Fr. Cekada states that this resulted from the SSPV's intrinsic distrust of a centralized authority as existed in the SSPX, which makes the latter vulnerable to being "subverted with one stroke of a pen" to the Vatican. Rather than independent congregations being a weakness and something to be lamented, Cekada considers all such groups and priests taken together preferable to the SSPX (cf. Protestant Congregational churches), which has continued to hold negotiations with Rome and uses the 1962 Missal.
On 19 October 1993, 86-year-old Bishop Alfredo Méndez-Gonzalez, who had served as Bishop of Arecibo, Puerto Rico until his retirement in 1974, consecrated Fr. Kelly as a bishop at a ceremony in Carlsbad, California. Bishop Mendéz had already publicly ordained two seminarians of the SSPV to the priesthood in 1990. Kelly's consecration was announced a few days after Bishop Méndez's death in 1995.
On Wednesday, 28 February 2007, Bishop Kelly consecrated Fr. Joseph Santay, CSPV, to the episcopacy at Oyster Bay Cove, New York.
The SSPV currently has five permanent priories, and its priests serve a network of chapels, churches, and temporary worship locations in 12 states of the U.S. (as of 2013). The SSPV operates only in North America.
Associated religious communities
The Daughters of Mary, Mother of Our Savior are a congregation of Sisters founded by then-Fr. Kelly in 1984. Their congregation's motherhouse and novitiate are located in Round Top, New York, in the Catskill Mountains area. The Sisters have two additional houses in the United States where they run schools, and are they also involved in other types of charity work, such as visiting nursing homes. The current Mother General is Mother Mary Bosco.
The Congregation of St. Pius V (CSPV) is a Society of Common Life for priests and coadjutor brothers, founded by Bishop Kelly. CSPV was formed to provide a canonical structure for the incardination of priests and the affiliation of religious. The Congregation operates Immaculate Heart Seminary in Round Top, New York for its candidates, under the direction of Bishop Joseph Santay, CSPV. The seminary's graduates are ordained by Bishops Kelly and/or Santay. As of 2013, the CSPV had seven priest members including Bp. Santay.
Catholic Church position on SSPV
- "A Statement of Principles in a Time of Crisis," The Roman Catholic Association, Inc., (1988): http://www.stpiusvchapel.org/flash_paper/articles/003_declaration_principles.swf
- The list of objections can be found at http://www.traditionalmass.org/articles/article.php?id=48&catname=12
- The objection to St Joseph's inclusion is unrelated to his sanctity. Many Catholics felt that St Joseph had historically and generally been overlooked, if not slighted. In response, Pope Pius IX officially named St Joseph “Patron of the Universal Church” in 1870. Pope Pius XII added the feast of St Joseph the Worker (May 1) in 1955. Thus, John XXIII’s addition of St Joseph into the Canon in 1962 was seen as the "personal wish of the pope" (Amerio 89). Some Catholics feel that St Joseph's non-martyr status disqualifies him from inclusion in the Canon. (Amerio, Romano. Iota Unum: A Study of the Changes in the Catholic Church in the 20th Century. Trans. Rev. Fr. John P. Parsons. Kansas City: Sarto House, 1996.).
- See Fr. Cekada's "The Nine vs. Lefebvre: We Resist you to Your Face" at http://www.traditionalmass.org/articles/article.php?id=96&catname=12
- Fr. Cekada restates this at http://truerestoration.blogspot.com/2008/10/interview-with-fr-anthony-cekada.html
- For an explication of this canon, see http://www.traditionalmass.org/articles/article.php?id=12&catname=10
- See http://www.dailycatholic.org/dolanttt.htm
- Fr. Anthony Cekada, The Nine vs. Lefebvre: We Resist You To Your Face (2008), p. 14. http://www.traditionalmass.org/images/articles/NineVLefebvre.pdf
- The Most Reverend Clarence Kelly, Sacred and Profane (Oyster Bay Cove, NY: 1997), 101. http://congregationofstpiusv.net/SacredandProfane.pdf
- The Most Reverend Clarence Kelly, Sacred and Profane (Oyster Bay Cove, NY: 1997), 169-174. http://congregationofstpiusv.net/SacredandProfane.pdf
- See photos of consecration at http://www.stpiusvchapel.org/photos/consecration2/consecration2.html
- See http://congregationofstpiusv.net/About.html
- "All Bishops by Name (K)". Annuario Pontificio (data transcribed on catholic-hierarchy.org).
- WFTS Internet Radio featuring weekly Sermons, interviews, and prayers (stations, Rosary, compline)
- The Society's Home Page
- The Congregation and Seminary Homepage
- Bishop Kelly's Homepage
- Daughters of Mary Homepage
- List of Mass Locations
- 1917 Code of Canon Law (Latin)