Society of Thoracic Surgeons

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The Society of Thoracic Surgeons is a Chicago, Illinois (USA)-based medical specialty professional society in the field of cardiothoracic surgery. Membership worldwide includes more than 6,900 surgeons, researchers, and other health care professionals who are part of the cardiothoracic surgery team. The society's official journal is The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.


The work of STS members involves surgeries of the heart, lung, and esophagus, as well as other surgical procedures with the chest. The society offers clinical practice guidelines to assist physicians and other health care providers in clinical decision making by describing a range of generally acceptable approaches for the diagnosis, management, or prevention of specific diseases or conditions.

Eighteen guideline documents are currently available, including Blood Conservation Guidelines, Cardiac Surgery Risk Models Guidelines, and Use of Antiplatelet Drugs in Patients Having Cardiac and Non-Cardiac Operations. In 2012 the organization contributed, with others, to the development of guidelines for treating Ischaemic heart disease.[1]

The STS National Database was established in 1989 as an initiative for quality improvement and patient safety among cardiothoracic surgeons. The Database has three components—Adult Cardiac Surgery Database, General Thoracic Surgery Database, and Congenital Heart Surgery Database—and now houses more than 5 million surgical records. The STS National Database has grown to be the largest database of its kind in medicine and is one of the pioneers in the analysis and reporting of risk-adjusted outcomes in cardiothoracic surgery.[2]

The STS/ACC Transcatheter Valve Therapy (TVT) Registry is a is a benchmarking tool developed to track patient safety and real-world outcomes related to the transaortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedure. Created by STS and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the TVT Registry is designed to monitor the safety and efficacy of this new procedure for the treatment of aortic stenosis.


To meet the needs of an expanding specialty, a group of established young thoracic surgeons, led primarily by Dr. R. Adams Cowley of Baltimore, met in the late 1950s to exchange ideas concerning the feasibility of another thoracic surgical society.[3]

By April 1963, a committee comprising Dr. Cowley (Chairman), Dr. Francis X. Byron of Los Angeles, Dr. Clifford F. Storey of San Diego, Dr. J. Maxwell Chamberlain of New York, Dr. John D. Steele of San Fernando, Calif., Dr. Byron H. Evans of Fresno, Calif., Dr. Edgar P. Mannix of Manhasset, NY, Dr. Earle B. Kay of Cleveland, and Dr. John E. Miller of Baltimore, recommended that the a new society for thoracic and cardiovascular surgery be established.[4] A planning committee was appointed, and an STS constitution was finalized in August 1963 at the home or Dr. Robert K. Brown in Denver. Officers and councilors were elected on October 31, 1963, and included Dr. Paul C. Samson as president, Dr. Thomas H. Burford as vice president, Dr. Byron as secretary, and Dr. John E. Steele as editor of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.[5]


  1. ^ Larry, Larry (2012-11-19). "Comprehensive Guidelines for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease Released - Forbes". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "The STS National Database: current changes and challenges for the new millennium. Committee to Establish a National Database in Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons". 2000-03-01. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Ann Thorac Surg Ellison 37 (1): 1. | accessed=1 February 2013
  4. ^ John Alexander Society Minutes, April 8, 1963
  5. ^ Ann Thorac Surg 2014;97:S2-S4. Rainer WG and Merrill W. Accessed March 7, 2014.

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