Socio-hydrology

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Socio-hydrology is an interdisciplinary field studying the dynamic interactions and feedbacks between water and people. Areas of research in socio-hydrology include the historical study of the interplay between hydrological and social processes, comparative analysis of the co-evolution and self-organization of human and water systems in different cultures, and process-based modelling of coupled human-water systems. [1]

Socio-Hydrology: Interplay between social and hydrological processes

Objective[edit]

In traditional hydrology, human activities are typically described as boundary conditions, or external forcings, to the water systems (scenario-based approach). This traditional approach tends to make long term predictions unrealistic as interactions and bi-directional feedbacks between human and water systems cannot be captured. [2] To overcome this lack of knowledge, socio-hydrology aims at understanding the co-evolutionary dynamics of human-water systems. Socio-hydrology is related to integrated water resources management (IWRM). In particular, while IWRM aims at controlling the water system to get desired outcomes for the environment and society, socio-hydrology aims at observing, understanding, and predicting the dynamics of coupled human-water systems. Socio-hydrology can therefore be seen as the fundamental science underpinning the practice of IWRM.

Scope[edit]

Socio-hydrology aims at unraveling dynamic cross-scale interactions and feedbacks between natural and human processes that give rise to many water sustainability challenges in the emergent Anthropocene. [3] [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sivapalan, Murugesu; Savenije, Hubert, Bloeschl, Guenter (2012). "Sociohydrology: A new science of people and water". Hydrological Processes 26 (8): 1270–1276. doi:10.1002/hyp.8426. 
  2. ^ Di Baldassarre, Giuliano; Viglione A.; Carr G.; Kuil L.; Salinas J.L.; Blöschl G. (2013). "Socio-hydrology: conceptualising human-flood interactions". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17: 3295–3303. doi:10.5194/hess-17-3295-2013. 
  3. ^ Srinivasan, Veena; Lambin, Gorelick, Thompson, Rozelle (2012). "The nature and causes of the global water crisis: Syndromes from a meta-analysis of coupled human-water studies". Water Resources Research 48: W10516. doi:10.1029/2011WR011087. 
  4. ^ Sivapalan, Murugesu; Konar, Srinivasan, Chhatre, Wutich, Scott, Wescoat, Rodríguez-Iturbe (2014). "Socio-hydrology: Use-inspired water sustainability science for the Anthropocene". Earth's Future. doi:10.1002/2013EF000164. 

Socio-Hydrology of Floods

Towards a new paradigm

Vienna Catchment Symposium 2013