Socorro, São Paulo

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For the district in São Paulo city, see Socorro (district).

Coordinates: 22°35′29″S 46°31′44″W / 22.59139°S 46.52889°W / -22.59139; -46.52889

Socorro
municipality
Municipality of the Hydromineral Spa of Socorro
A street in downtown Socorro
A street in downtown Socorro
Flag of Socorro
Flag
Official seal of Socorro
Seal
Location in the state of São Paulo
Location in the state of São Paulo
Coordinates: 22°35′29″S 46°31′44″W / 22.59139°S 46.52889°W / -22.59139; -46.52889
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Founded August 9, 1829
Incorporated March 17, 1883
Government
 • Mayor Andre Bozola (PTB)
Area
 • Total 448.074 km2 (173.002 sq mi)
Elevation 752 m (2,467 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 37,288
 • Density 83/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Demonym Socorrense
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 13960-000
Area code(s) 19
HDI (2000) 0.812 –high[2]
Website Socorro City Hall

Socorro is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The city is located on the "do Peixe" River and in Mantiqueira Mountains, bordering the state of Minas Gerais to the north and east. Currently, the city's economy is based in the sector of clothing (knitting), ecotourism and adventure sports.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

Socorro was settled in 1738 by Simão Toledo Pizza, after the local indigenous people (Carajás) left the place due to the Bandeirantes incursions.[3][4] At that time, it was known as Campanha de Toledo (Toledo's Campaign), it belonged to the then-called Sertão de Bragança (Bragança's Countryside) and it had a population of 922.[4] In 1839, a chapel in honor of Our Lady of Perpetual Help was built in the place where today is located the Main Church of the city.[3][4] The first mass was conducted on August 9, the birthday of the municipality. However, it wasn't until 1883 that it had really become a municipality. In 1889, it became a comarca.[3] In 1945, Fernando Costa, then governor of São Paulo, elevated it to the condition of "Estância Sanitária".

Coffee and Italian immigration[edit]

Since the 19th century, the city is an important coffee producer. When the slavery was brought down and the so-called Old Republic begun, Italian immigrants arrived in São Paulo to replace the now-free slaves in the coffee farms. The farmers from São Paulo wanted a railway to more efficiently take their coffee to the ports. As the construction of railways connecting the coast to the countryside started, the Companhia Mogyana de Estradas de Ferro was created, having its first train station inaugurated on March 18, 1872, in Campinas.

In April 21, 1909, the Socorro section was built, and the city began to develop faster. In 1929, with the 1929 Great Crash and the subsequent depression, many coffee farmers saw their productions decreasing, which led most to bankruptcy. As such, many Italians had the opportunity of buying land for a cheap price.

The so-called "Pracinhas" arrive at Socorro in August 14, 1945.

In 1945, the city was visited by the "Pracinhas" - members of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, which battled in Italy during the Second World War.

In 1978, Socorro was given the status of "Estância Turística" and regained its political rights, allowing its population to elect its mayors.

Investments in Tourism[edit]

In 2004, restaurants, hotels, theaters and other services were given four years to fully adapt their buildings for disabled people. It was part of the project Socorro Acessível.[3] Since 2005, Socorro takes part of Adventure Sport Fair and, in 2005, the Ministry of tourism of Brazil spoke about accessibility in this fair. The adventure sports was the most difficult part, since the creation of appropriate equipments would be also required, apart from ramps, wheelchairs and altered toilets. As the ministry, local NGOs and companies and the city hall joined forces, the studies required for such adaptations were conducted.

Geography[edit]

The city is mountainous and crossed by many rivers, the main ones being Do Peixe, Camanducaia and das Antas.

Climate[edit]

According the Köppen climate classification Socorro has a humid subtropical climate.[5]

Climate data for Socorro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.7
(83.7)
28.7
(83.7)
28.4
(83.1)
26.7
(80.1)
24.9
(76.8)
23.8
(74.8)
24.0
(75.2)
26.0
(78.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.5
(81.5)
28.0
(82.4)
27.9
(82.2)
26.8
(80.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73)
20.6
(69.1)
18.3
(64.9)
17.0
(62.6)
16.9
(62.4)
18.6
(65.5)
20.1
(68.2)
21.2
(70.2)
21.9
(71.4)
22.5
(72.5)
20.5
(68.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
17.9
(64.2)
17.1
(62.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.8
(53.2)
10.3
(50.5)
9.8
(49.6)
11.1
(52)
13.1
(55.6)
14.9
(58.8)
15.7
(60.3)
17.0
(62.6)
14.2
(57.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 266.2
(10.48)
223.0
(8.78)
173.8
(6.843)
80.4
(3.165)
64.6
(2.543)
47.6
(1.874)
29.3
(1.154)
37.2
(1.465)
73.1
(2.878)
133.2
(5.244)
154.8
(6.094)
254.7
(10.028)
1,537.9
(60.547)
Source: Centro de Pesquisas Meteorológicas e Climáticas Aplicadas à Agricultura[5]

Economy[edit]

The city's economy relies mainly on services such as tourism, commerce, etc. (45%), industry (35%) and agriculture (20%)[6]

Tourism[edit]

The city attracts tourists specially because of its extreme sports facilities and parks located on its outskirts. There, it is possible to practice:

View of the city from the Christ's Hill belvedere.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2012 Populational Estimate". Censo Populacional 2012. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  2. ^ [1] - UNDP
  3. ^ a b c d History at the city hall official website. Retrieved on 4 January 2013.
  4. ^ a b c History at the city tourism page. Retrieved on 4 January 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Clima dos Municípios Paulistas / Socorro". CPA - Unicamp. Retrieved June 17, 2009. 
  6. ^ Economic characteristics at the city tourism page. Retrieved on 5 January 2013.

External links[edit]