Soda Springs, Idaho

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Soda Springs, Idaho
City
Motto: "Historic Oregon Trail Oasis"[1]
Location in Caribou County and the state of Idaho
Location in Caribou County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 42°39′29″N 111°35′46″W / 42.65806°N 111.59611°W / 42.65806; -111.59611Coordinates: 42°39′29″N 111°35′46″W / 42.65806°N 111.59611°W / 42.65806; -111.59611
Country United States
State Idaho
County Caribou
Area[2]
 • Total 4.59 sq mi (11.89 km2)
 • Land 4.54 sq mi (11.76 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 5,774 ft (1,760 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,058
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 2,973
 • Density 673.6/sq mi (260.1/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 83230, 83276, 83285
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-75195
GNIS feature ID 0400099
Website Soda Springs, Idaho Website

Soda Springs is a city in Caribou County, Idaho, United States. The population was 3,058 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Caribou County.[5]

Soda Springs has been county seat of Caribou County since the county was organized in 1919. In the 1860s Soda Springs served as the seat of Oneida County.

History[edit]

The city is named for the hundreds of natural springs of carbonated water that are located in and around the city.[6] The springs were well known to Native Americans and were a famous landmark along the Oregon Trail in the middle 19th century. Today the city is also known as the location of the Soda Springs Geyser, which was unleashed in 1934 when "town fathers" were looking for hot water for a "hot pool" bathing attraction. Instead they drilled into a chamber of highly pressurized carbon dioxide gas and cold water and the geyser was released. After running for weeks, and flooding the downtown area, it was capped and manually released when requested as a tourist attraction. Now it is let loose every hour on the hour by a timed release valve. Its height and volume has not decreased after many years. There are viewing platforms at either end of the travertine mound where the Geyser erupts. Interpretive signs are located on the platforms explaining this phenomena.

Geography[edit]

Soda Springs is located at 42°39′29″N 111°35′46″W / 42.65806°N 111.59611°W / 42.65806; -111.59611 (42.658011, -111.596107).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.59 square miles (11.89 km2), of which, 4.54 square miles (11.76 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[2]

Soda Springs experiences a continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with long, cold, snowy winters and very warm summers.

Climate data for Soda Springs Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 58
(14)
56
(13)
69
(21)
80
(27)
89
(32)
97
(36)
101
(38)
98
(37)
92
(33)
85
(29)
67
(19)
57
(14)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 28.6
(−1.9)
32.2
(0.1)
40.5
(4.7)
52.3
(11.3)
63.0
(17.2)
73.9
(23.3)
83.2
(28.4)
81.8
(27.7)
71.3
(21.8)
58.1
(14.5)
40.6
(4.8)
30.2
(−1)
54.6
(12.6)
Average low °F (°C) 8.1
(−13.3)
10.9
(−11.7)
18.9
(−7.3)
26.6
(−3)
34.5
(1.4)
40.7
(4.8)
45.2
(7.3)
44.1
(6.7)
35.3
(1.8)
26.3
(−3.2)
18.3
(−7.6)
8.1
(−13.3)
26.4
(−3.1)
Record low °F (°C) −37
(−38)
−32
(−36)
−19
(−28)
−2
(−19)
17
(−8)
10
(−12)
26
(−3)
19
(−7)
12
(−11)
6
(−14)
−25
(−32)
−37
(−38)
−37
(−38)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.14
(29)
1.27
(32.3)
1.42
(36.1)
1.35
(34.3)
2.13
(54.1)
1.36
(34.5)
1.25
(31.8)
1.31
(33.3)
1.07
(27.2)
1.26
(32)
1.16
(29.5)
1.03
(26.2)
15.75
(400.3)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[8]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[9]
Eruption controlled geyser in Soda Springs

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 144
1880 250 73.6%
1890 446 78.4%
1900 428 −4.0%
1910 501 17.1%
1920 935 86.6%
1930 831 −11.1%
1940 1,087 30.8%
1950 1,329 22.3%
1960 2,424 82.4%
1970 2,977 22.8%
1980 4,051 36.1%
1990 3,111 −23.2%
2000 3,381 8.7%
2010 3,058 −9.6%
source:[10][11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,058 people, 1,204 households, and 830 families residing in the city. The population density was 673.6 inhabitants per square mile (260.1/km2). There were 1,393 housing units at an average density of 306.8 per square mile (118.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.

There were 1,204 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 37.8 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 3,381 people, 1,210 households, and 905 families residing in the city. The population density was 747.1 people per square mile (288.2/km²). There were 1,505 housing units at an average density of 332.6 per square mile (128.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.63% White, 0.03% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.90% of the population.

There were 1,210 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,690, and the median income for a family was $46,152. Males had a median income of $41,979 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,729. About 7.0% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Soda Springs, Idaho". Soda Springs, Idaho. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Soda Springs, Idaho, ID". ePodunk. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Monthly Averages for Soda Springs, ID". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  10. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 100.
  11. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]