|CAS number||, (trihydrate)|
|RTECS number||AJ4300010 (anhydrous)
|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||82.03 g mol−1|
|Appearance||White deliquescent powder|
1.45 g/cm3 (trihydrate)
324 °C (anhydrous)
881.4 °C (anhydrous)
|Solubility in water||36.2 g/100 ml (0 °C)
46.4 g/100 mL (20 °C)
139 g/100 mL (60 °C)
170.15 g/100 mL (100 °C)
|Solubility||soluble in ethanol (5.3 g/100 mL (trihydrate)|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.464|
|Flash point||250 °C|
|Other anions||Sodium formate
|Other cations||Potassium acetate
|Related compounds||Sodium diacetate|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Sodium acetate is used in the textile industry to neutralize sulfuric acid waste streams, and as a photoresist while using aniline dyes. It is also a pickling agent in chrome tanning, and it helps to retard vulcanization of chloroprene in synthetic rubber production. In processing cotton for disposable cotton pads, sodium acetate is used to eliminate the buildup of static electricity.
Sodium acetate is used to reduce the damage water can potentially do to concrete by acting as a concrete sealant, while also being environmentally benign and cheaper than the epoxy alternative that is usually employed for sealing concrete against water permeation.
Sodium acetate may be added to foods as a seasoning. It may be used in the form of sodium diacetate — a 1:1 complex of sodium acetate and acetic acid, given the E-number E262. A frequent use is to impart a salt and vinegar flavor to potato chips.
As the conjugate base of acetic acid, a solution of sodium acetate and acetic acid can act as a buffer to keep a relatively constant pH. This is useful especially in biochemical applications where reactions are pH dependent in a mildly acidic range (pH 4-6).
Sodium acetate is also used in consumer heating pads or hand warmers and is also used in hot ice. Sodium acetate trihydrate crystals melt at 137.12°F / 58.4°C, (to 136.4°F / 58°C ) dissolving in their water of crystallization. When they are heated past the melting point and subsequently allowed to cool, the aqueous solution becomes supersaturated. This solution is capable of cooling to room temperature without forming crystals. By clicking on a metal disc in the heating pad, a nucleation centre is formed which causes the solution to crystallize into solid sodium acetate trihydrate again. The bond-forming process of crystallization is exothermic. The latent heat of fusion is about 264–289 kJ/kg. Unlike some other types of heat packs that depend on irreversible chemical reactions, sodium acetate heat packs can be easily recharged by placing in boiling water for a few minutes until all crystals are dissolved; they can be reused many times.
For laboratory use, sodium acetate is very inexpensive, and usually purchased instead of being synthesized. It is sometimes produced in a laboratory experiment by the reaction of acetic acid(vinegar)(ethanoic acid) with sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), or sodium hydroxide. These reactions produce aqueous sodium acetate and water. Carbon dioxide is produced in the reaction with sodium carbonate and bicarbonate, and it leaves the reaction vessel as a gas (unless the reaction vessel is pressurized). This is the well-known "volcano" reaction between baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar.
- CH3COOH + NaHCO3 → CH3COONa + H2O + CO2
- CH3COOH + NaOH → CH3COONa + H2O
Caesium salts catalyze this reaction.
- Clayden, Jonathan; Greeves, Nick; Warren, Stuart; Wothers, Peter (2001). Organic Chemistry (1st ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-850346-0.
- "Potato Chip Flavoring Boosts Longevity Of Concrete". Science Daily. 8 August 2007.
- Jungbunzlauer - General Information
- [Courty JM, Kierlik E, Les chaufferettes chimiques, Pour la Science, décembre 2008, p 108-110]
- Ibrahim Dincer and Marc A. Rosen. Thermal Energy Storage: Systems and Applications, page 155
- "Crystallization of Supersaturated Sodium Acetate". Journal of Chemical Education.
- Fake latent heat and supersaturation
- "How do sodium acetate heat pads work?". HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 2007-09-03.