Soekarno–Hatta International Airport

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Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport logo.png
Soekarno-HattaTerminal3.jpg
Soekarno–Hatta Airport Terminal 3
IATA: CGKICAO: WIII
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator PT Angkasa Pura II
Serves Jabodetabek
Location Cengkareng, Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
Opened
  • Structure on 1 December 1984 (Operational)
  • Terminal 1 for Domestic flight on 1 May 1985 (Official)
  • Terminal 2 for International flight on 1 May 1991 (Official)
  • Terminal 3 for First was International Flight on 15 Novembre 2011 (Official, but right now Domestic and International flight from this terminal)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 32 ft / 10 m
Coordinates 06°07′32″S 106°39′21″E / 6.12556°S 106.65583°E / -6.12556; 106.65583Coordinates: 06°07′32″S 106°39′21″E / 6.12556°S 106.65583°E / -6.12556; 106.65583
Website [1]
Map
CGK is located in Java
CGK
CGK
Location within Java Island, Indonesia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07R/25L 12,008 3,660 Paved
07L/25R 11,811 3,600 Paved
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 59,701,543
Aircraft Movements 369,740
Cargo (metric tonnes) 342,473
Economic & Social impact $5.1 billion & 705 thousand[1]
Source: Passenger and Aircraft Movements from ACI[2]
Cargo from Angkara Pura II Airports Company[3]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta) (IATA: CGKICAO: WIII), abbreviated SHIA[4] or Soetta,[5] is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia, along with Halim Perdanakusuma Airport. The airport is named after the first president of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport's IATA code, CGK, originates from Cengkareng, a district northwest of the city, and it is often called Cengkareng Airport by Indonesians, although the airport is administratively located within Tangerang.

Although it primarily serves Jakarta, it is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of the capital city, in Tangerang in the neighboring province of Banten. Soekarno–Hatta Airport began operations in 1985, replacing the former Kemayoran Airport (for domestic flights) in Central Jakarta, and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta.[6] Kemayoran Airport has since been made into public areas. Halim Perdanakusuma is still operating, serving hajj flight, VVIP, charters and military flights and since January 2014 is reactivated for domestic schedule commercial flights to ease Cengkareng Airport. Terminal 2 opened in 1991 and Terminal 3 opened in 2009. In 2010, total passengers reached 43.7 million, surpassing the 38-million-passenger capacity of all 3 terminals.[7] In 2012, the airport was the 9th busiest airport in the world with 57.8 million passengers, a 12.1% increase over 2011.[2] And in May 2014, becomes the 8th busiest airport in the world with 62.1 million passengers.[8] It is also the busiest airport in the Southern Hemisphere.

Although the airport is running over capacity, on May 4, 2012, after verification from April 23 to May 3, the Airport Council International (ACI) stated that Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is clearly being operated safely.[9] To overcome the overcapacity, on August 2, 2012, ground was broken at terminal 3 to make it into an Aerotropolis airport which can serve 62 million passengers per year. This is predicted to be complete by the end of 2014.[10] A third, 3,660-by-60-metre (12,010 ft × 200 ft), runway is planned to be built in 2015, costing 4 trillion rupiah.[11]

History[edit]

Used between 1928 and 1985, Kemayoran Airfield was considered unsatisfactory[when?] because it was too close to the major Halim Perdanakusuma Indonesian military airport. The civil airspace in the area became increasingly restricted, while air traffic increased rapidly, posing problems for international air traffic. In 1969, a senior communication officers meeting in Bangkok expressed these concerns.[citation needed]

Departure area at Terminal 2

In the early 1970s, with the help of USAID, eight potential locations were analyzed for a new international airport, namely Kemayoran, Malaka, Babakan, Jonggol, Halim, Curug, South Tangerang and North Tangerang.[citation needed] Finally, the North Tangerang site was chosen; it was also noted that Jonggol could be used as an alternative airfield. Meanwhile, as an interim step, the Indonesian government upgraded the Halim Perdanakusumah airfield for use for passenger services. The old Kemayoran site was closed in 1985, and the land was later used for commercial and housing purposes.[citation needed]

Between 1974 and 1975, a Canadian consultant/consortium, consisting of Aviation Planning Services Ltd., ACRESS International Ltd., and Searle Wilbee Rowland (SWR), won a bid for the new airport feasibility project. The feasibility study started on 20 February 1974, with a total cost of 1 million Canadian dollars. The one-year project proceeded with an Indonesian partner represented by PT Konavi. By the end of March 1975, the study revealed a plan to build three inline runways, three international terminal buildings, three domestic buildings and one building for Hajj flights. Three stores for the domestic terminals would be built between 1975 and 1981 at a cost of US$ 465 million and one domestic terminal including an apron from 1982–1985 at a cost of US$126 million. A new terminal project, named the Jakarta International Airport Cengkareng, began.[12]

Design[edit]

Tropical garden fill the spaces between Javanese-styled pendopo waiting and boarding pavilions.

The airport's terminal 1 and 2 was designed by Paul Andreu, a French architect who also designed Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport. One of the characteristics of the airport is the incorporation of the local architecture into the design, and the presence of tropical gardens between the waiting lounges. These unique characteristics earned the airport the 1995 Aga Khan Award for Architecture.[13] The runways run northeast–southwest. There are two parallel runways, on the north and south side. The airport terminal took the plan of spanning fan, with the main entrances of terminals connected to a series of waiting and boarding pavilions via corridors. These waiting and boarding pavilions are connected to the airplanes through boarding bridges. Terminal 1 is in the southern side of the airport, while Terminal 2 and 3 are on the north side.

The airport concept is described as "garden within the airport" or "airport in the garden", as tropical decorative and flower plants fill the spaces between corridors, waiting and boarding pavilions. The boarding pavilions demonstrate local Indonesian vernacular architecture, particularly the roof, in the Javanese stepped-roof 'pendopo and joglo style. The interior design displays the diversity of Indonesian art and culture, with ethnic decorative elements taken from wooden carvings of Java, Bali, Sumatra, Dayak, Toraja to Papua. Another example is the railings of stairs, doors and gates, which show the kala-makara (giant head and mythical fish-elephant creature) theme typical in ancient Indonesian temples such as Borobudur. Terminal 3, however, has a different architectural style—unlike the ethnic-inspired Indonesian vernacular architecture of terminals 1 and 2, terminal 3 uses the contemporary modern style of large glass windows with metal frames and columns.

Project phases[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta Ticket office

To allocate the land and also determine the provincial border,[clarification needed] time was needed. Authorities at Amsterdam Schiphol airport were consulted about the airport plans, and concluded that the proposal was rather expensive and over-designed. The cost rose because of using a decentralized system. The centralized system was seen as a more suitable option.

The team chose a decentralized system similar to Orly Airport, Lyon Satolas, Hannover Airport and Kansas City Airport due to its simplicity and effectiveness.

On 12 November 1976, the building project tender was won by the French Aeroport de Paris.

On 18 May 1977, the final design was agreed on by the Indonesian government and Aeroport de Paris with a fixed cost of about 22,323,203 French francs and Rp. 177,156,000 equivalent to 2,100,000 francs. The work was scheduled to take 18 months. The government appointed PT. Konavi as the local partner. The plan included 2 runways with taxiways, one access road in the east and one in the west (closed to public use) for airport services, 3 terminals capable of accommodating 3 million passengers per year, and 1 module for international flights and 2 for domestic. "An airport inside a garden" was chosen as the design idea.

On 20 May 1980, a four year contract was signed. Sainraptet Brice, SAE, Colas together with PT. Waskita Karya were chosen to be the developers. Ir. Karno Barkah MSc. was appointed the project director, responsible for the airport's construction.[14]

On 1 December 1980, the Indonesian government signed a contract for Rp. 384.8 billion with developers. The cost structure was: Rp. 140,450,513,000 from the state budget, 1,223,457 francs donated by France and US$15,898,251 from the USA.

On 1 December 1984, the airport structure was completed.

The new airport opened on 1 May 1985 for domestic flights.

The second circular terminal was opened on 1 May 1991 for international operations.

Phases of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Project
Phase Year Description Status
Phase 1 1985 Opening of Terminal 1 with a capacity of 9 million passengers per annum Completed
Phase 2 1991 Opening of Terminal 2 with a capacity of 18 million passengers per annum Completed
Phase 3 2008 Construction of Terminal 3 phase 1 with a capacity of 22 million passengers per annum Completed
2013 Completion of Terminal 3 with a capacity of 43 million passengers per annum In progress
Refurbishing of Terminal 2 to increase capacity to 53 million passengers per annum In progress
Fully built new Freight Terminal Pending
Fully built integrated building[clarification needed] In Progress
Construction of Terminal 4 In Progress
2014 Refurbishment of Terminal 1 to increase capacity to 62 million passengers per annum Pending

Plans[edit]

In the newest masterplan, the capacity of the airport is to be increased from 22 million passengers per annum to 62 million per annum in 2014. The airport will use new theme "Modern Airport With Traditional Sense" for the project. Angkasa Pura II, as the operator, designed Soekarno–Hatta Airport to have 3 passenger terminals, 1 new freight terminal (cargo village) and an integrated building[clarification needed] in 2014. Also, there will be an increase in apron capacity from 125 airplanes to 174 airplanes. By 2015, additional upgrades are expected to increase the airport's capacity to 75 million passengers.[15] An airport train from Manggarai Station and a people mover for ground transportation to/from and inside the airport are also in planning.

Angkasa Pura II will spend Rp.11.7 trillion ($1.36 billion) to change the airport into a 'world class' airport which will be called 'aerotropolis', by 2014. In the first stage, Terminal 3 will be expanded and thereafter Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 will be integrated with green walls[clarification needed] and the airport will have a convention hall, shopping center, hotel, playground, recreational facilities and parking area for 20,000 vehicles.[16]

To anticipate a surge in passenger numbers, at least a ten percent increase each year, the government is preparing to build a third runway. This was planned to be completed in 2017. If the airport has 3 runways, the service capacity will rise to 623,420 movements per year and it will be able to anticipate growth at least until 2030. The expansion will use about 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) from 10 villages in the Teluk Naga and Kosambi subdistricts.[17][18] The expansion plan has been rejected by Tangerang Municipal Government because the residents living around the airport wouldn't be able to earn income for their family. The local government offered another location such as in Balaraja, but Angkasa Pura II corporate secretary said that building a new airport would not be an easy task, as it requires a thorough study.[19]

Due to lack of space to make the third runway at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, the government plans to build a new airport around Cikarang and Karawang. The airport would be integrated with the planned Cilamaya International Seaport in Karawang.[20]

Terminals[edit]

The land area of the airport is 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi). It has two independent parallel 3,600-metre (11,800 ft) long runways connected by two cross taxiways. There are three main terminal buildings; Terminal 1 (domestic flights only), Terminal 2 (international flights and Garuda Airlines domestic flights) and Terminal 3, Pier 1 (Air Asia international and domestic flights). There is also a freight terminal for domestic and international cargo.

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport has 180 check-in counters, 36 baggage carousels and 45 gates. The sub-terminals (1A, 1B, 1C, 2D, 2E, and 2F) have 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates each. Terminal 3 has 30 check-in counters, 6 baggage carousels and 3 gates.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 is the first terminal built, finished in 1985. It is located on the south side of the airport, across from Terminal 2. Terminal 1 has 3 sub-terminals, each equipped with 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates. It has the capacity to handle 9 million passengers per annum. The gates in Terminal 1 have a prefix of A, B or C. The gates are A1–A7, B1–B7 and C1–C7. In the newest masterplan, Terminal 1 will have its capacity increased to 18 million passengers per annum. Terminal 1 is used for domestic flights except for those operated by Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.

Terminal 2[edit]

Check In Area Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is the second terminal built, finished in 1991. It is located on the northern side of the airport, across from Terminal 1. It operates international flights and Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines domestic flights. This terminal has 3 sub-terminals. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates. It can handle 9 million passengers per annum. The gates in terminal 2 are prefixed D, E and F. The gates are D1–D7, E1–E7 and F1–F7. In the newest masterplan, Terminal 2's capacity will be expanded to 19 million passengers per annum.

On November 28, 2011, Garuda Indonesia and Angkasa Pura II made a memorandum of understanding regarding the management of Terminals 2E and 2F, which will be used solely by Garuda Indonesia to anticipate ASEAN Open Sky Policy in 2015.[21] Terminal 2E will be used for international travel and Terminal 2F for domestic flights. Garuda Indonesia said that it will share the use of its international terminal with other Sky Team members when Garuda Indonesia joins in early 2013. Predicted domestic transfer times are around 30 minutes for domestic and 45 minutes for international passengers. Currently Sky Team has 20 members, but not all of them fly to Indonesia.[22]

This terminal is used for International airlines such as Air China, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Cebu Pacific. China Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Emirates, Etihad, Eva Air, Japan Airlines, Jetstar Airways, KLM, Korean Air, Kuwait Airways, Lufthansa, Malaysia Airlines, Malindo Air, Mihin Lanka, Philippine Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Saudia, Sichuan Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways International, Thai Lion Air, Turkish Airlines, Valuair, Vietnam Airlines, Xiamen Airlines and Yemenia.

Terminal 3[edit]

The first phase of terminal 3, located on the eastern side of the airport, consisting of the first of the two planned piers, opened on April 15, 2009. The terminal has a different style than terminals 1 and 2, using an eco-friendly modern design. It currently houses the Air Asia Group, and Lion Air (only to Denpasar/Bali). With a capacity of 4 million passengers per annum, terminal 3 has 30 check-in counters, 6 baggage carousels and 3 gates with two jet bridges. In the newest master plan, Terminal 3 will be designed in a U shape with a total capacity of 25 million passengers per annum and an area of 354,000 square metres (3,810,000 sq ft), compared to the current 34,000-square-metre (370,000 sq ft) area, and will have A380-capable gates.[23] The first phase of Terminal 3 expansion will (not) be finished in September 2014 and the second/final expansion will be finished in June 2015.[24] T3 expansion area will span 1.2 kilometers and the T3 apron can serve 40 aircraft. When finished, T3 will be an aerotropolis terminal.[25]

Current capacity of T1, T2 and T3 is 22 million passengers a year, but today passengers has over 47 million a year. After T3 expansion is finished, the total capacity of three terminals become 43 million passengers a year, so T1 and T2 will be revitalized, so all the three terminals finally will accommodate 67 million passengers a year. The T3 expansion also can serve 60 airplanes from the current 40 airplanes.[26]

Terminal 3 officially opened for international flights on November 15, 2011, when Indonesia AirAsia started using Terminal 3 as its new base for international flights as well as domestic flights.[27] Immigration has cancelled the policy to close immigration counter in Terminal 3 and immigration counter in Terminal 3 is still operates, but plan to centralized immigration counter in Terminal 2 only is still valid.[28]

Freight Terminal[edit]

The freight terminal is located on the east side of terminal 1. This terminal was used to handle cargo at the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, both domestic and international cargo. In the newest master plan, the freight terminal will move to the west side of terminal 2 and have a larger capacity than the current terminal.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger terminals[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur
3
Air China Beijing–Capital, Xiamen
2E
Airfast Indonesia Surabaya, Timika
1C
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Singapore
2E
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
2D
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
2D
Aviastar (Indonesia) Bandar Lampung,[29] Ketapang, Lubuklinggau, Muara Bungo
1C
Batik Air Ambon, Balikpapan, Denpasar, Jayapura, Kupang, Manado, Makassar, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta[30] 3
Business Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
2D
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
2D
Cebu Pacific Manila
2E
China Airlines Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan
2E
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
2E
Citilink Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Batam, Bengkulu, Denpasar/Bali, Jambi, Makassar, Medan, Padang, Pekanbaru, Pangkal Pinang, Surabaya, Tanjung Pandan
1C
Emirates Dubai–International
2D
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
2E
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
2E
Flynas Charter: Jeddah[31]
2D
Garuda Indonesia Amsterdam, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Kuala Lumpur, London–Gatwick, Melbourne, Nagoya–Centrair (begins 27 March 2015),[32] Osaka–Kansai, Perth, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
2E
Garuda Indonesia Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Banjarmasin, Batam, Bengkulu, Biak, Denpasar/Bali, Gorontalo, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kupang, Makassar, Manado, Mataram–Lombok, Malang, Medan, Merauke, Padang, Palangkaraya, Palembang, Palu, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Semarang, Sibolga, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya, Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Pinang, Tarakan, Ternate, Timika, Yogyakarta
2F
Indonesia AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Denpasar/Bali, Kuala Lumpur, Medan, Penang, Phuket, Singapore,Yogyakarta
3
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
2D
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
2D
Kal Star Aviation Pangkalan Bun, Sampit
1C
KLM Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur
2E
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
2E
Kuwait Airways Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait City
2D
Lion Air Ambon, Jayapura, Kendari, Kupang, Makassar, Manado, Mataram–Lombok, Palu, Semarang, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya, Yogyakarta
1A
Lion Air Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Batam, Bengkulu, Jambi, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Tanjung Pinang
1B
Lion Air Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Palangkaraya, Pontianak, Tarakan
1C
Lion Air Jeddah, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore
2D
Lion Air Denpasar/Bali
3
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur
2D
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
2D
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur
2D
Mihin Lanka Colombo
2D
Nam Air Pontianak
1B
Oman Air Muscat
2D
Philippine Airlines Manila
2D
Qantas Sydney
2D
Qatar Airways Doha
2D
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
2D
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
2E
Singapore Airlines Singapore
2D
Sriwijaya Air Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Banjarmasin, Batam, Bengkulu, Biak, Denpasar/Bali, Gorontalo, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kupang, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Palu, Pangkalpinang, Pontianak, Semarang, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya, Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Pinang, Tarakan, Ternate, Yogyakarta
1B
Sriwijaya Air Singapore
2D
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
2D
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
2D
Tigerair Singapore
2D
Trigana Air Service Pangkalan Bun
1C
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk2
2D
Vietnam Airlines Ho Chi Minh City
2E
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
2D
XpressAir Bandar Lampung, Jayapura, Manokwari, Sorong, Ternate
1B
XpressAir Johor Bahru
2D
Yemenia Sana'a 3
2D
Notes
  • ^2 : Turkish Airlines flies via Singapore. However, Turkish Airlines doesn't have rights to transport passengers solely between Jakarta and Singapore. Starting 11 May 2015, the daily Turkish Airlines flights between Istanbul and Jakarta will be direct, without the stop in Singapore.
  • ^3 : Yemenia flies via Kuala Lumpur and Dubai. However, Yemenia doesn't have rights to transport passengers solely between Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, and Dubai.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ANA Cargo Tokyo–Narita[33]
Cardig Air Balikpapan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Padang–Minangkabau, Pekanbaru, Medan, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore
Cathay Pacific Cargo Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Cargo Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Singapore, Subic Bay
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
KLM Cargo Amsterdam
Korean Air Cargo Ho Chi Minh City, Penang, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Republic Express Airlines Balikpapan, Kuala Lumpur, Makassar, Singapore, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Transmile Air Services Kuala Lumpur
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Batam, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore

Traffic and statistics[edit]

New traffic procedure[edit]

To ease congestion, the airport authority implemented a new traffic procedure, the 72 Improved Runway Capacity (IRC 72), to handle 72 planes per hour. This limited a plane to 30–45 minutes only for arrival and unloading of passengers, to allow other planes to use the parking space. Gradually it has been implemented and on June 26, 2014 IRC 72 has been implemented full for the period of 00:00am to 01:30am, 02:00am to 10:00am and 11:30pm to 00:00am with occupancy periods for aircraft are reduced from 110 seconds to 90 seconds of takeoff and from 65 seconds to 50 seconds for landing. The low time is from 04:00pm to 10:00pm with only maximum 32 flights/hour.[34] By 2015, IRC 72 will become IRC 86 with the opening of the new terminal.[35] As a comparison, London Heathrow Airport, which has 2 runways like SHIA, can handle 100 flights per hour, so the target for SHIA has been revised to 92 flights per hour by 2015.[36]

Busiest international routes[edit]

Busiest international passenger routes into and out of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (FY 2011[37])[38]
Rank Airport Passengers handled Airlines
1 Singapore
Singapore–Changi
3,410,676 Air France, Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia AirAsia, Lion Air, Singapore Airlines, Sriwijaya Air, Tigerair, Tigerair Mandala, Turkish Airlines, Valuair
2 Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur
1,843,397 AirAsia, Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia AirAsia, KLM, Kuwait Airways, Lion Air, Malaysia Airlines, Tigerair Mandala, Yemenia
3 Thailand
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
897,302 Garuda Indonesia, Thai Airways International, Tigerair Mandala
4 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
850,500 Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Tigerair Mandala
5 Korea
Seoul–Incheon
788,099 Garuda Indonesia, Korean Air, Asiana Airlines
6 Japan
Tokyo–Narita
760,722 All Nippon Airways, Garuda Indonesia, Japan Airlines
7 People's Republic of China
Beijing–Capital
611,653 Air China, Garuda Indonesia
8 Netherlands
Amsterdam–Schiphol
609,202 Garuda Indonesia, KLM
9 United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi
577,314 Etihad Airways, Garuda Indonesia
10 Taiwan
Taipei–Taoyuan
557,778 China Airlines, EVA Air, Garuda Indonesia
11 United Arab Emirates
Dubai
577,761 Emirates, Yemenia
12 Philippines
Manila–Ninoy Aquino
509,514 Cebu Pacific, Philippine Airlines
13 Australia
Perth
508,653 Garuda Indonesia, Jetstar
14 Australia
Sydney–Kingsford Smith
500,149 Garuda Indonesia, Qantas, Jetstar
15 Sri Lanka
Colombo–Bandaranaike
489,302 Mihin Lanka
16 Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City–Tan Son Nhat
487,500 Lion Air, Vietnam Airlines
17 People's Republic of China
Shanghai–Pudong
388,834 Garuda Indonesia
18 Australia
Melbourne
255,202 Garuda Indonesia,
19 People's Republic of China
Guangzhou–Baiyun
387,653 China Southern Airlines, Garuda Indonesia
20 Saudi Arabia
Jeddah–King Abdulaziz
286,202 Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Saudia
21 Qatar
Doha
386,202 Qatar Airways
22 Turkey
Istanbul–Atatürk
386,200 Turkish Airlines
23 Kuwait
Kuwait City
299,990 Kuwait Airways

Airport facilities[edit]

Terminal 1 and 2 was designed to resemble a traditional joglo Javanese construction.[39] The approach has been emphasized by the inclusion of well-maintained gardens located near all boarding areas. Terminal 3 and other new airport buildings use an eco-friendly and modern design.

Aircraft maintenance[edit]

Maintenance facilities for aircraft in Soekarno–Hatta International Airport are supported by GMF AeroAsia (Garuda Maintenance Facility). They include 480,000 square metres (5,200,000 sq ft) of built-up structures, including three hangars, a spares warehouse, workshops, utility buildings, a ground support equipment building, chemical stores, an engine test cell, and management offices. In addition, GMF AeroAsia has an apron capable of handling up to 50 aircraft, taxiways, a run-up bay and a waste treatment area, taking up 1,150,000 square metres (12,400,000 sq ft).

Hangar 1 was built in 1991 and was designed for Boeing 747s. It has two full docks and is 22,000 square metres (240,000 sq ft). Hangar 2 is 23,000 square metres (250,000 sq ft) and has 3 aircraft bays. It can perform minor A and B checks. It can hold up to one narrow body and one wide body jet. Hangar 3 is also 23,000 square metres (250,000 sq ft). It normally holds up to 3 narrow body aircraft, but can be configured to hold up to one wide body and one narrow body. It has 7 bays with 4 full docks, 6 roof-mounted cranes and one bay designed for MD11s, DC10s, and wide body Airbus aircraft.

Golf course[edit]

There is a golf course at the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport supported by the Cengkareng Golf Club. The golf course has been open since 1999. It is located on the left side of the airport main gate by the Sheraton Bandara Hotel. The Cengkareng Golf Club is in the 102-hectare (250-acre) Soewarna Business Park at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. In 2005 and 2008, this golf course was used for Indonesia Open, a part of the PGA European Tour. There are 18 holes in the golf course.

Airport hotel[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport has two hotels, the Sheraton Airport Hotel and the Jakarta Airport Hotel. The Sheraton Airport Hotel, which is located on the left side of the main exit road from the airport, has 4 floors with 220 guest rooms. The Jakarta Airport Hotel is located on the upper floor of Terminal 2 and provides useful standard accommodation for airport transit accommodation. The hotel entrance is located at the meeting point (midpoint) of terminal 2E. This hotel has 82 guest rooms. As of December 2013, the Jakarta Airport Hotel is closed with no date for reopening.[citation needed]

Shopping area at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport

Lounges[edit]

There are four airport lounges in the departure area. The Jasa Angkasa Semesta (JAS) Lounge is available for first and business class passengers of Cathay Pacific, Qantas, EVA Air, Saudia, and Singapore Airlines. The Pura Indah Lounge is available for first and business class passengers of Singapore Airlines, KLM, Malaysia Airlines, Emirates Airline, Cathay Pacific, and China Airlines. The new Garuda Indonesia lounge is available for their business class passengers only, as well as GECC[clarification needed] cardholders. Other lounges are available, operated by companies such as Indosat, PT Mandara Jasindo Sena, Telkomsel, and XL Axiata.

Shopping area[edit]

There are shopping areas available in all terminals at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. Duty-free shops, souvenir shops, restaurants and a cafeteria can be found there. There is a new "Shopping Arcade" located in terminal 1C. There are no shops in the arrival zones of the terminals.

There was a great deal of controversy surrounding certain shops (such as Crown Toko Hasil Laut Marine Products Shop) which sell shark fins and other unethically sourced marine products.[40][41] In response, PT Angkasa Pura II banned the sale of shark fins from the airport.[42][43]

Reading corners[edit]

21 reading corners are located in the waiting rooms of Terminal 2D, 2E and 2F.[44]

WiFi[edit]

Free Wi-Fi is now available at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (SHIA). The Airport has become a huge "hot spot", allowing you to access wireless Internet service. When you power on your Internet-ready device, the Airport's Wi-Fi network (SSID SHIA) communicates with it, resulting in the display of a splash page that contains the information you need to connect to SHIA's complimentary Wi-Fi service.

Since November 2013, Terminal 2 has free WiFi covering the whole terminal and free WiFi for Terminal 1 is servicing in July 2014. And for terminal 3 is expected to be ready on mid of Nov 2014.

Smoking garden[edit]

To overcome over capacity of smoking rooms used, SHIA builds smoking garden in a garden near of rest area Terminal 1A with gazebos. It will be operated in January 2015 and it will be developed to other terminals, if necessary.[45]

Other facilities[edit]

The airport contains the head office of Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia Management Building, located within the Garuda Indonesia City Center.[46] Angkasa Pura II's head office is on the airport property.[47]

Ground transportation[edit]

There are several transport options available for access to the airport: local airport terminal shuttles, buses, taxi services of various kinds, and cars.

Inter-terminal shuttle transportation[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport provides a free shuttle bus which connects Terminals 1, 2 and 3.

Inter-terminal rail transportation[edit]

In 2013, the Indonesian government announced that it will build a people mover to connect Terminals 1, 2, and 3. Construction for the people mover will start in 2013, and it will be open to public in 2015.[citation needed]

Buses[edit]

Several bus companies provide services to various destinations from the airport. Travel time to and from the centre of Jakarta (at the Gambir railway station) takes around 70 minutes, depending on traffic. Buses to the airport leave from the various terminals in central Jakarta (Gambir) and surrounding areas. Airport shuttle bus can be found at arrival hall of Terminal 1A–1B–1C, on the eastern wing of arrival hall of Terminal 2F and in front of departure hall of Terminal 3.

Service Destination
Shuttle Airport Bus
Damri Bekasi Kayuringin Bus Terminal Bekasi
Damri Blok M Bus Terminal South Jakarta
Damri Botani Square Mall Bogor
Damri Cikarang Cikarang
Damri Citra Gran Cibubur Cibubur
Damri Gambir Railway Station Central Jakarta
Damri Kampung Rambutan Bus Terminal East Jakarta
Damri Karawang Karawang
Damri Kemayoran Central Jakarta
Damri Kota Harapan Indah Bekasi
Damri Lebak Bulus Bus Terminal South Jakarta
Damri Mangga Dua Square Mall North Jakarta
Damri Pasar Minggu Bus Terminal South Jakarta
Damri Purwakarta Purwakarta
Damri Rawamangun Bus Terminal East Jakarta
Damri Serang–Cilegon Serang
Damri Summarecon Bekasi Bekasi
Damri Tanjung Priok Bus Terminal North Jakarta
Primajasa Bandung Batununggal Bandung
Agramas Pusat Grosir Cililitan East Jakarta
Hiba Utama Depok Bus Terminal Depok
Sinar Jaya Cileungsi Bus Terminal Bogor Regency
XTrans Kartika Chandra Hotel South Jakarta
XTrans Serpong–Bintaro South Tangerang

Taxis and other services[edit]

Various taxi and shuttle services are provided by several operators.

Cars[edit]

The airport is connected to Jakarta's city center via the Prof. Dr. Sedyatmo Toll Road. There is extensive car parking, including long-stay facilities, at the airport.

Rail[edit]

In July 2011, the government has assigned PT Kereta Api to establish a railway that connect the Manggarai Station to the Airport via Tangerang, which would cost Rp.2.25 trillion ($250 million). A 7-kilometre (4.3 mi) section of track will be built to connect the KRL Jabotabek station in Tangerang and the airport. The existing single-track commuter line between Manggarai and Tanah Tinggi will be dual-tracked. The commuter line will connect Manggarai station, Sudirman, Tanah Abang, Duri, Grogol, Bojong Indah, Kalideres, Tanah Tinggi and Soekarno–Hatta International Airport.[48] The train will enter behind the airport through its M1 gate before entering the airport.[49] In early October 2014, M1 gate has been closed to commence the project.[50] The station will be located between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 which both terminals and the station will be connected with 7 storeys building with 20,000 parking lots as Integrated Building.[51] Automated People Mover Systems is used to connect Terminal 3 with Integrated Building and Cargo Terminal.[52] The station has 7,200 square meters area and has capacity of 2,000 passengers in peron and 1,500 passengers in ticketing counter, public hall, tapping gate in, waiting lounge, and commercial area. The station is predicted will be finished at the end of 2015.[53]

The government is also planning a 33-kilometre (21 mi) express line between the Manggarai station and the airport via Angke and Pluit to be built by an investor as a public–private partnership.[54][55] To realize the demand from the Halim Perdanakusuma Airport, the route has been extended from Manggarai to Halim and the new route has been agreed upon by the Transportation Ministry Regulation. The express train will take 30 minutes to connect the airports.[56]

Picture gallery[edit]

Accidents & Incidents[edit]

  • On October 28, 1997, a Trigana Air Service Fokker F-28 Fellowship 3000 passenger plane returned to land at Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta International Airport after the aircraft experienced technical problems two minutes after takeoff. Smoke and severe heat had entered cockpit and the passenger cabin. The airplane sustained damage due to the heat.[57]
  • On December 19, 1997, a SilkAir Boeing 737-300 operating Flight 185, piloted by Captain Tsu Way Ming, crashed into the Musi River in Sumatra during a routine flight from Jakarta to Singapore, killing all 104 people on board. The Indonesian NTSC, who were the lead investigators, stated that they were unable to determine the cause, while the U.S. NTSB concluded that the crash resulted from an intentional act by a pilot, most likely the captain.[58][59]
  • On January 23, 2003, a Star Air Boeing 737 touched down 500 metres (1,600 ft) past the threshold of runway 25L, a little left of the centreline, at a time of heavy rainfall with associated heavy winds. It went off the side of the runway, causing substantial damage to the aircraft's undercarriage and belly.[60]
  • On March 9, 2009, a Lion Air MD-90 overran runway 25L, due to an unstable approach 100 metres (330 ft) before the runway in rainfall and strong winds, in which the aircraft touched down to the left of the centerline. Although its thrust reversers were functioning, it veered to the right, resulting in the aircraft resting 90 degrees off the runway.[62]

Award[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was ranked fourth on the Skytrax World's Most Improved Airport 2014 list based on surveys of 12.85 million passengers from 110 countries.[63]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Soekarno–Hatta International airport – Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b 2012 Passenger Traffic (Preliminary)
  3. ^ angkasapura2.co.id – Statistics
  4. ^ Bandara Soekarno-Hatta Raih Dua Penghargaan
  5. ^ http://news.okezone.com/read/2011/01/05/337/410506/singkatan-bandara-soetta-lecehkan-proklamator
  6. ^ "Soekarno–Hatta must be expanded to meet passenger demand." The Jakarta Post. Wednesday 1 September 2010. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "In this August, 2010 file photo passengers crowd the domestic terminal at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Tangerang, Banten." and "Starting operation in 1985, Soekarno–Hatta airport replaced Kemayoran airport in Central Jakarta and Halim Perdanakusuma airport in East Jakarta"
  7. ^ "IATA sees strong growth in Indonesia". September 23, 2011. 
  8. ^ "More Flights for Soekarno–Hatta Airport". May 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "ACI: Soekarno-Hatta Aman dan Laik Operasi". May 4, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Yudhoyono leads ground breaking ceremony in Soekarno–Hatta Airport". August 2, 2012. 
  11. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/04/14/govt-spend-rp-4t-land-soekarno-hatta-s-third-runway.html
  12. ^ Riwayat Penerbangan Cengkareng
  13. ^ Aga Khan Award for Architecture – The Sixth Award Cycle, 1993–1995
  14. ^ Apa dan Siapa – KARNO BARKAH
  15. ^ "Major Upgrade for Jakarta Airport". Airport International. July 23, 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/07/25/jakarta’s-airport-be-world-class-‘aerotropolis’.html
  17. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/04/07/govt-prepares-soekarno-hatta-airport-expansion.html
  18. ^ "Bandara Soeta Butuh Investasi Rp11,7 Triliun". February 10, 2012. 
  19. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/08/04/tangerang-rejects-soekarno-hatta-airport-expansion-plan.html
  20. ^ "Govt to build new airport in to ease load on Soekarno–Hatta". October 24, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Garuda Participate in Managing the Airport Terminal 2E and 2F Soetta". November 28, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Garuda Gunakan Terminal 2E-2F Bersama Sky Team". November 29, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Terminal III Soetta Bakal Berkonsep Eco Airport". March 18, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Bandara Soekarno Hatta Mampu Tampung 25 Juta Penumpang". July 14, 2014. 
  25. ^ Yoniansyah (November 13, 2014). "Angkasa Pura II Expedites T3 Expansion". 
  26. ^ Pingkan Elita Dundu (November 17, 2014). "Agar Penumpang Lebih Aman dan Nyaman di Bandara Soekarno-HattaYYY". 
  27. ^ "In Jakarta AirAsia Routes All Flights to Terminal 3". November 16, 2011. 
  28. ^ Tama Salim (August 11, 2014). "Immigration services at Terminal 3 still in place: AP II". 
  29. ^ http://aviastar.blogspot.sg/2014/10/rute-baru-aviastar-jakarta-lampung.html
  30. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/06/25/citilink-merpati-batik-air-move-halim.html
  31. ^ Flynas article mentioning Jakarta as charter service
  32. ^ "Garuda Indonesia Resumes Nagoya Service from late-March 2015". Airline Route. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  33. ^ "Expand Freighter Network from May 14th, 2014". ANA Cargo. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  34. ^ "Soekarno–Hatta Airport Increases Runway Capacity". June 26, 2014. 
  35. ^ Maria Yuniar (February 21, 2014). "http://en.tempo.co/read/news/2014/02/21/056556275/Air-Traffic-Procedures-Restructured". 
  36. ^ Ananda Putri (April 25, 2014). "Soekarno-Hatta Airport Ready to Serve 72 Flights per Hour". 
  37. ^ Fiscal year 1 July – 30 June
  38. ^ "Australian International Airline Activity" (PDF). Aviation Statistics. Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics. October 2011. pp. 31–32. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  39. ^ 'Rumah Joglo' (Joglo House) reflects traditional Javanese Kraton (court) Indonesian architecture
  40. ^ Shark fin petition for Soekarno–Hatta International Airport.
  41. ^ The Jakarta Globe, Online Petition Draws Attention to Indonesia's Shark Fin Shame, 11 September, 2012.
  42. ^ Scan of letter to Jakarta Animal Aid Letter from PT Angkasa Pura II, 20 September 2012
  43. ^ Hotelier Indonesia, Airport finally bans the sale of sharkfins after thousands sign change.org petition
  44. ^ "Pojok Baca Kini Hadir di Bandara Soekarno Hatta". July 23, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Taman Khusus Merokok Dibangun di Bandara". December 23, 2014. 
  46. ^ "President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Officially Opens New Head Office and the Unveiling of New Garuda Indonesia Concept of Service." Garuda Indonesia. Thursday 23 July 2009. Retrieved on 16 September 2010.
  47. ^ "Informasi Perusahaan." Angkasa Pura II. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "Kantor Pusat PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura II Bandara Internasional Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta."
  48. ^ http://jakartabytrain.com/early-2014-commuter-train-to-shia-expected-to-operate
  49. ^ "Commuter line airport train to operate in 2013". March 29, 2012. 
  50. ^ Hendra Gunawan (October 9, 2014). "Stasiun Kereta Bandara Soekarno-Hatta Siap Dibangun". 
  51. ^ Banu Adikara (October 9, 2014). "Stasiun Kereta Bandara akan Terhubung dengan Integrated Building". 
  52. ^ Banu Adikara (October 9, 2014). "Stasiun Bandara-Terminal 3 Gunakan APMS". 
  53. ^ "Pemasangan Tiang Pancang Paralel dengan Struktur Stasiun". November 22, 2014. 
  54. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/07/16/government-pegs-pt-kai-airport-railway-development.html
  55. ^ "KAI: Airport train ready in 2013". December 9, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Ada Kereta Ekspress, Dari Bandara Halim ke Soetta Hanya 30 Menit". January 13, 2014. 
  57. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19971028-1
  58. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
  59. ^ "Final flight: SilkAir". Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA). 
  60. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030123-0
  61. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030811-0
  62. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20090309-1
  63. ^ Sakina Rakhma Diah Setiawan (April 1, 2014). "Soekarno-Hatta Peringkat Empat The World's Most Improved Airport". 

External links[edit]