Soekarno–Hatta International Airport

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Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport logo.png
Soekarno-HattaTerminal3.jpg
Soekarno Hatta Airport Terminal 3
IATA: CGKICAO: WIII
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator PT Angkasa Pura II
Serves Jabodetabek
Location Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
Opened 1985
Hub for
Focus city for Citilink
Elevation AMSL 32 ft / 10 m
Coordinates 06°07′32″S 106°39′21″E / 6.12556°S 106.65583°E / -6.12556; 106.65583Coordinates: 06°07′32″S 106°39′21″E / 6.12556°S 106.65583°E / -6.12556; 106.65583
Website [1]
Map
CGK/WIII is located in Java
CGK/WIII
CGK/WIII
Location within Java Island, Indonesia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07R/25L 11,500 3,600 Paved
07L/25R 11,545 3,600 Paved
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 57,772,762
Aircraft Movements 369,740
Cargo (metric tonnes) 342,473
Economic & Social impact $5.1 billion & 705 thousand[1]
Source: Passenger and Aircraft Movements from ACI[2]
Cargo from Angkara Pura II Airports Company[3]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta) (IATA: CGKICAO: WIII), abbreviated SHIA [4] is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia together with Halim Perdanakusuma Airport. The airport is named after the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport's IATA code, CGK, originates from Cengkareng, a district northwest of the city, and it is often called Cengkareng Airport by Indonesians, although the airport is administratively located within Tangerang.

Although it primarily serves Jakarta, it is located about 20 km west of the capital city, in Tangerang in the neighboring province of Banten. Soekarno–Hatta Airport began operations in 1985, replacing the former Kemayoran Airport (domestic flights) in Central Jakarta, and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta.[5] Kemayoran Airport has since been transformed into public areas. Halim Perdanakusuma is still operating, serving mostly domestic, hajj flight, VVIP, charters and military flights. Terminal 2 opened in 1991 and Terminal 3 opened in 2009, but in 2010 total passengers reached 43.7 million, surpassing the 38-million passenger capacity of all 3 terminals.[6] In 2012, the airport was the 9th busiest airport in the world with 57.8 million passengers, a 12.1% increase over 2011.[2] It is also the busiest airport in the Southern Hemisphere.

Although the airport is running over capacity, on May 4, 2012 after verification from April 23 to May 3, the Airport Council International (ACI) stated that Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is clearly being operated safely . All safety flying procedures are running well.[7] To overcome the overcapacity, on August 2, 2012 the ground breaking was done at terminal 3 to turn into an Aerotropolis airport which can serve 62 million passengers per year. This is predicted to be completed at the end of 2014.[8] A third runway 3660m x 60m is planned in 2015, costing 4 trillion rupiah.[9]

History[edit]

Used between 1928 and 1985, Kemayoran Airfield was considered unsatisfactory because it was too close to the major Halim Perdanakusuma Indonesian military airport. The civil airspace in the area became increasingly restricted, while air traffic increased rapidly, posing problems for international air traffic. In 1969, a senior communication officers meeting in Bangkok expressed these concerns.[citation needed]

Departure area at Terminal 2

In the early 1970s, with the help of USAID, eight potential locations were analyzed for a new international airport, namely: Kemayoran, Malaka, Babakan, Jonggol, Halim, Curug, South Tangerang and North Tangerang.[citation needed] Finally, the North Tangerang airspace was chosen; it was also noted that Jonggol could be used as an alternative airfield. Meanwhile, as an interim step, the Indonesian government upgraded the Halim Perdanakusumah airfield for use for passenger services. The old Kemayoran site was closed in 1985, and the land was later used for commercial and housing purposes.[citation needed]

Between 1974 and 1975, a Canadian consultant/consortium, consisting of Aviation Planning Services Ltd., ACRESS International Ltd., and Searle Wilbee Rowland (SWR), won a bid for the new airport feasibility project. The feasibility study started on 20 February 1974 with a total cost of 1 million Canadian dollars. The one-year project proceeded with an Indonesian partner represented by PT Konavi. By the end of March 1975, the study revealed a plan to build three inline runways, three international terminal buildings, three domestic buildings and one building for Hajj flights. Three stores for the domestic terminals would be built between 1975 and 1981 at a cost of US$ 465 million and one domestic terminal including an apron from 1982–1985 at a cost of US$ 126 million. A new terminal project, named the Jakarta International Airport Cengkareng (code: JIA-C), began.[10]

Design[edit]

Tropical garden fill the spaces between Javanese-styled pendopo waiting and boarding pavilions.

The airport's terminal 1 and 2 was designed by Paul Andreu, a French architect who also designed Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. One of the characteristics of the airport is the incorporation of the local architecture into the design, and the presence of tropical gardens between the waiting lounges. These unique characteristics earned the airport the 1995 Aga Khan Award for Architecture.[11] The runways runs northeast-southwest direction and has two runways parallel in the north and south side. The airport terminal took plan of spanning fan, main entrances of terminals connected to series of waiting and boarding pavilions via corridors. These waiting and boarding pavilions are connected to the airplanes through boarding bridges. The terminal 1 is in the southern side, while Terminal 2 and 3 are on the north side.

The airport concept is described as "garden within the airport" or "airport in the garden" as tropical decorative and flower plants filled spaces between corridors, waiting and boarding pavilions. The boarding pavilions demonstrate local Indonesian vernacular architecture, particularly the roof took Javanese stepped-roof pendopo/joglo style pavilion. The interior design displaying theme on diversity of Indonesian art and culture, as ethnic decorative elements taken from wooden carvings of Java, Bali, Sumatra, Dayak, Toraja to Papua. Another example is the railings of stairs, doors and gates took kala-makara (giant head and mythical fish-elephant creature) theme typical in ancient Indonesian temples such as found in Borobudur. The terminal 3 however took different architectural style, unlike ethnic-inspired Indonesian vernacular architecture style of terminal 1 and 2, terminal 3 took contemporary modern style of large glass windows with metal frames and columns.

Project phases[edit]

Soekarno Hatta Ticket box
  • 1975–1977
    • To allocate the land and also determine the provincial border, time was needed. Authorities at Schiphol airport, Amsterdam were asked for their opinion about the airport plans, and concluded that the proposal was rather expensive and over-designed. The cost rose because of using a decentralized system. The centralization system was seen as a more suitable option.
    • The Team decided on a decentralized system like the ones used at Orly West Airfield, Lyon Satolas, Langen-Hagen-Hanover and Kansas City Airport due to its simplicity and effectiveness.
  • 12 November 1976
    • The building project tender was won by the French Aeroport de Paris.
  • 18 May 1977
    • The final contract design was agreed on by the Indonesian government and Aeroport de Paris with a fixed cost of about 22,323,203 French francs and Rp. 177,156,000 equivalent to 2,100,000 francs. The work was scheduled to take 18 months. The government appointed PT. Konavi as the local partner.
    • The result was:
      • 2 inline runways including taxiways
      • Roads: 1 in the east, another in the west for airport services. The west was closed to public use.
      • 3 terminals capable of accommodating 3 million passengers per year.
      • 1 module for international flights and 2 for domestic.
      • An airport inside a garden was selected as the image.
  • 20 May 1980
    • A four year contract was signed. Sainraptet Brice, SAE, Colas together with PT. Waskita Karya as the developer. Ir. Karno Barkah MSc. was appointed the JIA-C Project Director, responsible for the airport's construction.[12]
  • 1 December 1980
    • The Indonesian government signed a contract for Rp. 384,8 billion with developers. The cost structure was: Rp. 140,450,513,000 from the state budget, 1,223,457 francs donated by France and US$ 15,898,251 from the USA.
  • 1 December 1984
    • The airport structure was complete.
  • 1 May 1985
    • The new airport was launched on 1 May 1985 with operations form the domestic airport.
  • 1 May 1991
Phases of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Project
Phase Year Description Status
Phase 1 1985 Building of Terminal 1 with a capacity of 9 million passengers per annum Completed
Phase 2 1991 Building of Terminal 2 with a capacity of 18 million passengers per annum Completed
Phase 3 2008 Building of Terminal 3 phase 1 with a capacity of 22 million passengers per annum Completed
2013 Completion of Terminal 3 with a capacity of 43 million passengers per annum In progress
Refurbishing of Terminal 2 to increase capacity to 53 million passengers per annum, In progress
Fully built integrated building In Progress
Construction of Terminal 4 Pending
2014 Refurbishment of Terminal 1 to increase capacity to 62 million passengers per annum Pending

Plans[edit]

In the newest masterplan Soerkarno-Hatta International Airport will increase the capacity from current capacity of 22 million passengers per annum to 62 million per annum in 2014. The airport will use new theme "Modern Airport With Traditional Sense" for the project. Angkasa Pura II as the operator designed Soekarno-Hatta Airport will have 3 passengers terminal, 1 new freight terminal (cargo village) and an integrated building in 2014. Also there will be an increase in apron capacity from the current 125 airplanes to 174 airplanes. By 2015, additional upgrades are expected to increase the airport's capacity to 75 million passengers.[13] An airport train from Manggarai Station and People Mover System designed for ground transportation from/to and inside the airport are also in planning.

Angkasa Pura II will spend Rp.11.7 trillion ($1.36 billion) to change the airport into a 'world class' airport which will be called 'aerotropolis' by 2014. In the first stage Terminal 3 will be expanded and thereafter Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 will be integrated with green walls and the airport will have a convention hall, shopping center, hotel, playground, recreational facilities and parking area for 20,000 vehicles.[14]

To anticipate a surge of passenger numbers, at least a ten percent increase each year, the government is preparing to lay down runway number 3. This was targeted to be completed in 2017. If the airport has 3 runways, the service capacity will rise to 623,420 movements per year and it will be able to anticipate growth at least until 2030. The expansion will use about 1,000 hectares from 10 villages in the Teluk Naga and Kosambi subdistricts.[15][16] The expansion plan has been rejected by Tangerang Municipal Government because the residents living around the airport wouldn't be able to earn income for their family. The local government offered another location such as in Balaraja, but Angkasa Pura II corporate secretary said that building a new airport would not be an easy task, as it requires a thorough study.[17]

Due to lack of space to make the third runway at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, the government plans to build a new airport around Cikarang and Karawang. The airport would be integrated with the planned Cilamaya International Seaport in Karawang.[18]

Terminals[edit]

The land area of the airport is 18 km². It has two independent parallel 3,600-meter runways connected by two cross taxiways. There are three main terminal buildings; Terminal 1 (domestic flights only), Terminal 2 (international flights and Garuda Airlines domestic flights) and Terminal 3, Pier 1 (Air Asia international and domestic flights). There is also a freight terminal for domestic and international cargo.

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport has 180 check-in counters, 36 baggage carousels and 45 gates. Sub-terminals 1A-1B-1C-2D-2E-2F have 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates every sub-terminals. Terminal 3 has 30 check-in counters, 6 baggage carousels and 3 gates.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 is the first terminal of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, finished in 1985. It is located on the south side of the airport, opposite Terminal 2. Terminal 1 has 3 sub-terminals, each equipped with 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates. It has the capacity to handle 9 million passengers per annum. The gates in Terminal 1 have an alphabet prefix of A, B and C. The gates are A1-A7, B1-B7 and C1-C7. In the newest masterplan, Terminal 1 will increased its capacity to 18 million passengers per annum. Terminal 1 is used for domestic flight except Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.

Terminal 2[edit]

Check In Area Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is the second terminal of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. It was finished in 1991. It is located on the northern side of the airport, opposite Terminal 1. It operates international flights, with the exception of Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines domestic flights. This terminal has 3 sub-terminals. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates. It has the capacity of handling 9 million passengers per annum. The gates in Terminal 2 has alphabet prefix of D, E and F. The gates are D1-D7, E1-E7 and F1-F7. In the newest masterplan, Terminal 2's capacity will be expanded to 19 million passengers per annum.

On November 28, 2011 Garuda Indonesia and Angkasa Pura II made a memorandum of understanding regarding the management of Terminals 2E and 2F, which will be used solely by Garuda Indonesia to anticipate ASEAN Open Sky Policy in 2015.[19] Terminal 2E will be used for international travel and Terminal 2F for domestic flights. Garuda Indonesia said that it will share the using of its International Terminal with other Sky Team members when Garuda Indonesia effectively joins in early 2013. Predicted domestic transfer times are 30 minutes for domestic and no more than 45 minutes for international passengers. Currently Sky Team has 20 members, but not all of them have flown to Indonesia.[20]

This Terminal is used for International airlines Such as Air China, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Cebu Pacific. China Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Emirates, Etihad, Eva Air, Japan Airlines, Jetstar Airways, KLM, Korean Air, Kuwait Airways, Lufthansa, Malaysia Airlines, Malindo Air, Mihin Lanka, Philippine Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Saudia, Sichuan Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways International, Thai Lion Air, Turkish Airlines, Valuair, Vietnam Airlines, Xiamen Airlines and Yemenia

Terminal 3[edit]

Departure area in Terminal 3

The first phase of terminal 3, located on the eastern side of the airport, consisting of the first of the two planned piers, was opened on April 15, 2009. The terminal adopts a different design from terminals 1 and 2, using an eco-friendy and modern concept (see rendering here [21]). It currently houses the Air Asia Group, Lion Air and Mandala Airlines. With a capacity of 4 million passengers per annum terminal 3 now has 30 Check in counters, 6 Baggage carousels and 3 Gates with two sky-bridges. In the newest masterplan Terminal 3 will be designed in a U-shape with a total capacity of 25 million passengers per annum with 354,000 square meter area from current 34,000 square meter area and can hold A380 Aircraft in it.[22]

Terminal 3 has officially opened for its international flights on November 15, 2011 when Indonesia AirAsia started using Terminal 3 as its new base for international flights together with its domestic flights.[23]

Freight Terminal[edit]

The freight terminal is located in the east-side of terminal 1. This terminal was used to handle cargo at the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, both domestic and international cargo. In the newest masterplan, the freight terminal will move to the west-side of terminal 2 with larger capacity than the current terminal.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Garuda Indonesia Boeing 777-300ER departing from Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-200ER departing from Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Thai Airways Boeing 777-200ER departing from Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 777-300ER departing from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Cathay Pacific Boeing 747-400 departing from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
China Airlines Airbus A340-300 taxiing at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
All Nippon Airways Boeing 777-300ER landing at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Emirates Boeing 777-300ER landing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Turkish Airlines Airbus A330-200 landing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Etihad Airways Boeing 777-300ER departing from Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Japan Airlines Boeing 777-300ER landing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Philippine Airlines Airbus A319-100 departing from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Malaysia Airlines Boeing 737-800 landing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Vietnam Airlines Airbus A321-200 landing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Qatar Airways Airbus A330-300 taxiing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Mihin Lanka Airbus A321-200 landing at Soekarno Hatta International Airport
KLM Boeing 777-300ER landing at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
Royal Brunei Airlines Airbus A320-200 landing at Soekarno Hatta Airport

Passenger terminals[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur
3
Air China Beijing-Capital, Xiamen
2E
Airfast Indonesia Surabaya, Timika
1C
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Singapore (both resume July 1, 2014)[24]
2E
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda,[25] Tokyo-Narita
2D
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
2D
Aviastar (Indonesia) Ketapang, Lubuklinggau
1C
Batik Air Ambon, Balikpapan, Denpasar, Jayapura, Kupang, Manado, Makassar, Pekanbaru, Surabaya, Yogyakarta 3
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
2D
Cebu Pacific Manila
2E
China Airlines Hong Kong, Taipei-Taoyuan
2E
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
2E
Citilink Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Batam, Bengkulu, Denpasar/Bali, Jambi, Makassar, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Pangkal Pinang, Surabaya, Tanjung Pandan
1C
EgyptAir Cairo
2E
Emirates Dubai-International
2D
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
2E
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan
2E
Express Air Bandar Lampung, Jayapura, Manokwari, Sorong, Ternate
1B
Flynas Jeddah
TBA
Garuda Indonesia Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick (begins September 8, 2014),[26] Melbourne, Osaka-Kansai,[27] Perth, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda (begins June 15, 2014),[28] Tokyo-Narita
2E
Garuda Indonesia Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Banjarmasin, Batam, Bengkulu, Biak, Denpasar/Bali, Gorontalo, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kupang, Makassar, Manado, Mataram-Lombok, Medan, Merauke, Padang, Palembang, Palu, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya, Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Pinang, Tarakan, Ternate, Timika, Yogyakarta
2F
Indonesia AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Denpasar/Bali, Johor Bahru, Kuala Lumpur, Makassar, Penang, Phuket, Singapore
3
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita
2D
Jetstar Airways
operated by Jetstar Asia Airways
Perth, Singapore
2D
Jetstar Asia Airways
operated by Valuair
Singapore
2D
Kal Star Aviation Pangkalan Bun, Sampit
1C
KLM Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur
2E
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
2E
Kuwait Airways Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait City
2D
Lion Air Ambon, Jayapura, Kendari, Kupang, Makassar, Manado, Mataram-Lombok, Palu, Semarang, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya, Yogyakarta
1A
Lion Air Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Batam, Bengkulu, Jambi, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Tanjung Pinang
1B
Lion Air Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Palangkaraya, Pontianak, Tarakan
1C
Lion Air Ho Chi Minh City, Jeddah, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore
2D
Lion Air Denpasar/Bali
3
Lufthansa Frankfurt (resumes 31 May, 2014)[29] 1
2D
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
2D
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur[30]
2D
Mihin Lanka Colombo
2D
Philippine Airlines Manila
2D
Qantas Sydney
2D
Qatar Airways Doha
2D
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
2D
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
2E
Sichuan Airlines Nanning
2D
Singapore Airlines Singapore
2D
Sriwijaya Air Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Banjarmasin, Batam, Bengkulu, Biak, Denpasar/Bali, Gorontalo, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kupang, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Medan, Padang, Palangkaraya, Palembang, Palu, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Semarang, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya, Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Pinang, Tarakan, Ternate, Yogyakarta
1B
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
2D
Thai Lion Air Bangkok-Don Mueang
2D
Tigerair Singapore
2D
Tigerair Mandala Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Denpasar/Bali, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Medan, Pekanbaru, Singapore, Surabaya, Yogyakarta
3
Trigana Air Service Pangkalan Bun
1C
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
2D
Vietnam Airlines Ho Chi Minh City
2E
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Xiamen [31]
2D
Yemenia Sana'a 3
2D
Notes
  • ^1 : Lufthansa flies via Kuala Lumpur. However, Lufthansa doesn't have rights to transport passengers solely between Jakarta and Kuala Lumpur.
  • ^2 : Turkish Airlines flies via Singapore. However, Turkish Airlines doesn't have rights to transport passengers solely between Jakarta and Singapore.
  • ^3 : Yemenia flies via Kuala Lumpur and Dubai. However, Yemenia doesn't have rights to transport passengers solely between Jakarta,Kuala Lumpur,and Dubai.

[32]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Cardig Air Balikpapan, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Padang-Minangkabau, Pekanbaru, Medan, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Balikpapan, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Batam, Dammam, Denpasar/Bali, Doha, Dubai, Frankfurt, Jayapura, Jeddah, Kuala Lumpur, Makassar, Manado, Medan, Munich, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Surabaya, Tokyo-Narita, Yogyakarta
Cathay Pacific Cargo Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Cargo Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Singapore, Subic Bay
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
JAL Cargo Tokyo-Narita
KLM Cargo Amsterdam
Korean Air Cargo Ho Chi Minh City, Penang, Seoul-Incheon
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Republic Express Airlines Balikpapan, Kuala Lumpur, Makassar, Singapore, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Transmile Air Services Kuala Lumpur
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Batam, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore

Traffic and Statistics[edit]

New traffic procedure[edit]

To ease congestion, the authority made a new traffic procedure the 72 Improved Runway Capacity (IRC 72) to handle 72 planes per hour which limited a plane from arrival and unloading of passengers to 30-45 minutes only, to enable more parking space which can be utilized by other planes. Gradually it has been implemented and by June 2014 will be fully implemented. By 2015, IRC 72 will become IRC 86 in line with additional new terminal.[33]

Busiest international routes[edit]

Busiest international passenger routes into and out of Soekarno Hatta International Airport (FY 2011[34])[35]
Rank Airport Passengers handled Airlines
1  Singapore
Singapore-Changi
3,410,676 Air France, Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia AirAsia, Lion Air, Singapore Airlines, Sriwijaya Air, Tigerair, Tigerair Mandala, Turkish Airlines, Valuair
2  Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur
1,843,397 AirAsia, Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia AirAsia, KLM, Kuwait Airways, Lion Air, Malaysia Airlines, Tigerair Mandala, Yemenia
3  Thailand
Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
897,302 Garuda Indonesia, Thai Airways International, Tigerair Mandala
4  Hong Kong
Hong Kong
850,500 Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Tigerair Mandala
5  South Korea
Seoul-Incheon
788,099 Garuda Indonesia, Korean Air, Asiana Airlines
6  Japan
Tokyo-Narita
760,722 All Nippon Airways, Garuda Indonesia, Japan Airlines
7  China
Beijing-Capital
611,653 Air China, Garuda Indonesia
8  Netherlands
Amsterdam
609,202 Garuda Indonesia, KLM
9  United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi
577,314 Etihad Airways, Garuda Indonesia
10  Taiwan
Taipei-Taoyuan
557,778 China Airlines, EVA Air, Garuda Indonesia
11  United Arab Emirates
Dubai
577,761 Emirates, Yemenia
12  Philippines
Manila
509,514 Cebu Pacific, Philippine Airlines
13  Australia
Sydney
500,149 Garuda Indonesia, Qantas, Jetstar
14  Australia
Perth
508,653 Garuda Indonesia, Jetstar
15  Sri Lanka
Colombo
489,302 Mihin Lanka
16  Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City
487,500 Lion Air, Vietnam Airlines
17  China
Shanghai-Pudong
388,834 Garuda Indonesia
18  Australia
Melbourne
255,202 Garuda Indonesia, Jetstar
19  China
Guangzhou
387,653 China Southern Airlines, Garuda Indonesia
20  Saudi Arabia
Jeddah
286,202 Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Saudia
21  Qatar
Doha
386,202 Qatar Airways
22  Turkey
Istanbul
386,200 Turkish Airlines
23  Kuwait
Kuwait City
299,990 Kuwait Airways

Airport facilities[edit]

Terminal 1 and 2 was designed to resemble a traditional Rumah Joglo Javanese house.[36] The approach has been emphasized by the inclusion of well-maintained gardens located near all boarding areas. Terminal 3 and another new airport building designed use eco-friendly and modern design.

Aircraft maintenance[edit]

Facilities to maintenance aircraft in Soekarno–Hatta International Airport supported by GMF AeroAsia (Garuda Maintenance Facility). They comprise 480,000 m2 of built-up structures, including three hangars, a spares warehouse, workshops, utility buildings, ground support equipment building, chemical stores, engine test cell and management offices. In addition, GMF AeroAsia has an apron capable of handling up to 50 aircraft, taxiways, a run-up bay and a waste treatment area taking up a 1,150,000 m2 area.

Hangar 1 was built in 1991 designed for Boeing 747s, has two full docks and is 22,000 m2. Hangar 2 is 23,000 m2 and has 3 aircraft bays. It can perform minor A and B checks. It can hold up to one narrow body and one wide body jet. Hangar 3 is 23,000 m2. It normally holds up to 3 Narrow-body aircraft, but can be reconfigured to hold up to one wide body and one narrow body. It has 7 bays with 4 full docks. It has 6 roof-mounted cranes and has one bay designed for MD11's, DC10's, and wide Airbus aircraft.

Golf area[edit]

Golf area in Soekarno–Hatta International Airport supported by "Cengkareng Golf Club". Golf area has been open since 1999. Located on the left side airport main gate after Sheraton Bandara Hotel. Cengkareng Golf Club is set within the 102 hectares area of Soewarna Business Park at Soekarno Hatta International Airport. In 2005 and 2008 this golf area was used for Indonesia Open, which was a part of the PGA European Tour. There are 18 holes in this golf area.

Airport hotel[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport has two hotels managed by the Sheraton Airport Hotel and the Jakarta Airport Hotel. The Sheraton Airport Hotel, which is located on the left side of the main exit road from the airport, has 4 floors with 220 guest rooms. The Jakarta Airport Hotel [NOTE : As of December 2013 the Jakarta Airport Hotel is closed with no date for reopening] is located on the upper floor of Terminal 2 and provides useful standard accommodation for airport transit accommodation. The hotel entrance is located at the meeting point (midpoint) of terminal 2E. This hotel has 82 guest rooms.

Shopping area at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport

Lounges[edit]

There are four first and business Lounges at the Transit Lounge in the departure area. Jasa Angkasa Semesta (JAS) Lounge, available for first and business class passengers of Cathay Pacific, Qantas, EVA Air, Saudia, and Singapore Airlines. Pura Indah Lounge, available for first and business class passengers of Singapore Airlines, KLM, Malaysia Airlines, Emirates Airline, Cathay Pacific, and China Airlines.

The new Garuda Indonesia lounge is available for GA's business class passengers only, as well as GECC cardholders.

Other lounges are available and are supported by companies such as: Indosat, PT Mandara Jasindo Sena, Telkomsel, and XL Axiata.

Shopping area[edit]

There are shopping areas available in all terminals at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. Duty-free shops, souvenir shops, restaurants and a cafeteria can be found there. There is a new "Shopping Arcade" located in terminal 1C. There are no shops in the arrival parts of the terminals.

There was a great deal of controversy surrounding certain shops (such as Crown Toko Hasil Laut Marine Products Shop) which sell sharks fins and other unethically sourced marine products.[37][38] In response, PT Angkasa Pura II banned the sale of sharkfin from the airport.[39][40]

Reading corners[edit]

21 reading corners spread in the waiting rooms of Terminal 2D, 2E and 2F.[41]

Free WiFi[edit]

Since November 2013, Terminal 2 have new free WiFi which cover all spot in the terminal such as Front Terrace Arrival/ Departure area, Public Hall Arrival/ Departure area, Check-In Area, Baggage Claim Area, Bus Shelter, Shopping Area, Central Corridor and Boarding Lounge. The SSID of free WiFi is SSID SHIA.

Other facilities[edit]

The airport contains the head office of Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia Management Building, located within the Garuda Indonesia City Center.[42] Angkasa Pura II's head office is on the airport property.[43]

Ground transportation[edit]

There is a range of transport options available for access to the airport: local airport terminal shuttles, buses, taxi services of various kinds, cars, and (potentially) a rail link. It is agreed amongst Indonesian authorities that services are sometimes unsatisfactory.[44] Efforts to improve services have led to a noticeable lift in standards in recent years.[45]

Inter-terminal shuttle transportation[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport provides a free shuttle bus which connects Terminals 1, 2 and 3.

Inter-terminal rail transportation[edit]

At 2013, the Indonesian government announced that it will build the people mover system / PMS (similar to monorail system) to connects Terminals 1, 2, and 3. PMS will start construction in 2013 and will be open to public in 2015.[citation needed]

Buses[edit]

Several bus companies provide useful services to various destination from CGK. Currently the airport is served by 4 bus operators, Damri, Primajasa, Cipaganti and "X-Trans Shuttle". Information about buses and other transport is available at various points throughout arrival terminals. Travel time to and from the centre of Jakarta to the Gambir railway station takes around 70 minutes (sometimes longer), depending on traffic. Buses to the airport leave from the various terminals in central Jakarta (Gambir) and surrounding areas (It may vary depend on traffic).

Taxis and other services[edit]

Various taxi and shuttle services are provided by numerous service providers.

Cars[edit]

Soekarno–Hatta is connected to Jakarta's city center via the Prof. Dr. Sedyatmo Toll Road. There is extensive car parking, including long-stay facilities, at the airport.

Rail[edit]

In July 2011, the government has assigned PT Kereta Api to establish a railway that connect Manggarai station to the Airport via Tangerang with cost Rp.2.25 trillion ($250 million). 7-kilometer section of track will construct to connect the commuter line station in Tangerang and the airport besides to use siding system which the track section connected to a main line that allows for faster trains to overtakes slower services (likes passing lane of road). The existing single-track commuter line between Manggarai and Tanah Tinggi will be expanded to double-track line. The track as commuter line will connect Manggarai station, Sudirman, Tanah Abang, Duri, Grogol, Bojong Indah, Kalideres, Tanah Tinggi and Soekarno Hatta International Airport. It is expected to operate in early 2014.[46] In March 2012, government decided to speed up the construction of a double track commuter railway which predicted would commence operations in the middle of 2013. Now PT KAI was studying the entry point at the airport, whether the train enters behind the airport through its M1 gate or run side by side with the Jakarta Outer Ring Road corridor before entering the airport.[47]

The government also offer a 33-kilometer express line between Manggarai station and the airport via Angke and Pluit to investor as Public Private Partnership (PPP).[48][49] To realize demand from Halim Perdanakusuma Airport, the route has been extent from Manggarai to Halim and the new route has been agreed by Transportation Ministry Regulation. The Express Train will take 30 minutes only to connect both airports.[50]

Picture gallery[edit]

Accidents & Incidents[edit]

  • On October 28, 1997, A Fokker F-28 Fellowship 3000 passenger plane of Trigana Air Service returned to land at Jakarta-Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK), Indonesia when the aircraft experienced technical problems two minutes after takeoff. Smoke and severe heat had entered cockpit and the passenger cabin. The airplane sustained damage due to the heat.[51]
  • On 19 December 1997, SilkAir Flight 185, operated by a Boeing 737-300 and piloted by Captain Tsu Way Ming, plunged into the Musi River in Sumatra during a routine flight from Jakarta to Singapore, killing all 104 people on board. The crash was investigated by various groups, with different results. The Indonesian NTSC, who were lead investigators, stated that they were unable to determine the cause, while the U.S. NTSB concluded that the crash resulted from an intentional act by a pilot, most likely the captain.[52][53]
  • On January 23, 2003, A Star Air Boeing 737 touched down 500m past the airport's 25L runway threshold, a little left of the centreline, in an area of heavy rainfall with associated heavy winds. It went off the side of the runway, causing substantial damage to the undercarriage and belly.[54]
  • On August 11, 2003, A Fokker F-28 Fellowship 3000R of Garuda Indonesia suffered a left main gear collapse after a flight from Surabaya (SUB).[55]
  • On March 9, 2009, A MD-90 aircraft of Lion Air overran the airport's runway 25L, due to unstable approach 100m before the runway in rainfall and strong winds, in which the aircraft touched down to the left of the centerline. Although its thrust reversers were functioning, it veered to the right, resulting in the aircraft resting 90 degrees off the runway track. No fatalities were recorded.[56]

Award[edit]

Soekarno-Hatta International Airport got rank 4 of The World's Most Improved Airport 2014 based on 12.85 million passengers from 110 countries survey by Skytrax. There are 39 service items in survey such as taxi availabilty with reasonable cost, terminal conviniency, terminal environment, terminal design, terminal cleanliness, floor cleanliness, chairs cleanliness, and public area cleanliness.[57]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b 2012 Passenger Traffic (Preliminary)
  3. ^ angkasapura2.co.id - Statistics
  4. ^ Bandara Soekarno-Hatta Raih Dua Penghargaan
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  10. ^ Riwayat Penerbangan Cengkareng
  11. ^ Aga Khan Award for Architecture - The Sixth Award Cycle, 1993-1995
  12. ^ Apa dan Siapa - KARNO BARKAH
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  19. ^ "Garuda Participate in Managing the Airport Terminal 2E and 2F Soetta". November 28, 2011. 
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  21. ^ http://www.angkasapura2.co.id/images/t3.jpg
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  33. ^ Maria Yuniar (February 21, 2014). "http://en.tempo.co/read/news/2014/02/21/056556275/Air-Traffic-Procedures-Restructured". 
  34. ^ Fiscal year 1 July – 30 June
  35. ^ "Australian International Airline Activity" (PDF). Aviation Statistics. Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics. October 2011. pp. 31–32. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  36. ^ 'Rumah Joglo' (Joglo House) reflects traditional Javanese Kraton (court) Indonesian architecture
  37. ^ Shark fin petition for Soekarno Hatta International Airport.
  38. ^ The Jakarta Globe, Online Petition Draws Attention to Indonesia's Shark Fin Shame, 11 September, 2012.
  39. ^ Scan of letter to Jakarta Animal Aid Letter from PT Angkasa Pura II, 20 September 2012
  40. ^ Hotelier Indonesia, Airport finally bans the sale of sharkfins after thousands sign change.org petition
  41. ^ "Pojok Baca Kini Hadir di Bandara Soekarno Hatta". July 23, 2013. 
  42. ^ "PRESIDENT SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO OFFICIALLY OPENS NEW HEAD OFFICE AND THE UNVEILING OF NEW GARUDA INDONESIA CONCEPT OF SERVICE." Garuda Indonesia. Thursday 23 July 2009. Retrieved on 16 September 2010.
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  44. ^ Editorial: Flooded airport access, The Jakarta Post, 16 July 2011.
  45. ^ Soekarno-Hatta airport manager considering fewer taxi operators', The Jakarta Post, 18 July 2007.
  46. ^ http://jakartabytrain.com/early-2014-commuter-train-to-shia-expected-to-operate
  47. ^ "Commuter line airport train to operate in 2013". March 29, 2012. 
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  50. ^ "Ada Kereta Ekspress, Dari Bandara Halim ke Soetta Hanya 30 Menit". January 13, 2014. 
  51. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19971028-1
  52. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
  53. ^ "Final flight: SilkAir". Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA). 
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  55. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20030811-0
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  57. ^ Sakina Rakhma Diah Setiawan (April 1, 2014). "Soekarno-Hatta Peringkat Empat The World's Most Improved Airport". 

External links[edit]