Sofia Metro

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Sofia Metro
Sofia Metro Logo.svg
Sofia metro at Musagenitsa.jpg
Overview
Native name Софийско метро
Sofiysko metro
Owner City of Sofia
Locale Sofia, Bulgaria
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2[1]
Number of stations 27[1]
Daily ridership 450,000 (2013)[2]
Chief executive Stoyan Bratoev
Headquarters 121, Knyaz Boris I str.
Website Metropolitan.bg
Operation
Began operation 28 January 1998[1]
Operator(s) Metropolitan-Sofia JSC
Number of vehicles 52
Technical
System length 31 km (19.3 mi)[1][3]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third rail, 825V DC
Top speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Map of the Sofia Metro

Sofia Metro-Map-en.png

The Sofia Metropolitan (Bulgarian: Софийско метро, translit. Sofiysko metro) is the rapid transit network servicing the Bulgarian capital city Sofia. It began operation on January 28, 1998.[1] As of 31 August 2012, the Sofia Metro consisted of two interconnected lines, serving 27 stations, with a total route length of 31 kilometres (19 mi)[1][3] being the 34th most extensive European metro system behind Amsterdam Metro and ahead of Budapest metro. The Metro links the highly populated districts of LyulinMladost (Line 1 – Red) and NadezhdaLozenets (Line 2 – Blue).

History[edit]

Planned since the 1960s, construction of the Metro was not officially launched until the late 1990s mainly because the city did not experience an urgent need for an underground system in addition to the stalled construction due to lack of sufficient funding. Another factor was the depth at which the construction works had to be carried out: being one of the oldest cities in Europe, Sofia contains many historical layers underneath its central areas. Evidence of antiquity can be clearly seen at the Serdika Station which exhibits a wealth of unearthed Thracian and Roman ruins and modern architecture. During the construction of the enormous complex of the National Palace of Culture two stations forming part of the then future Line 2 and their connecting tunnels were built.

The construction of the system began from the route that sees the highest volumes of passenger traffic, that can easily reach up to 38,000 at rush hour.[4]

Lines[edit]

Due to the increased number of population, every day from the periphery to the centre and backwards, big passenger flows are being formed. The necessity of efficient public transport in the direction of the largest passenger flows, transport and environmental problems of the city have imposed the start of the construction of the metropolitan in Sofia. Following the ratified by the Council of Ministers of Bulgaria a Technical and economic report on the metro and the approved General City Plan, the General scheme for the development of the lines should consist of three diameters with extensions in the periphery, with total length of 62 km, 63 metro stations, and 1.1 million daily passenger capacity at the final stage of implementation.[5]

Line Opened Current length Current stations U/C length U/C stations Planned length Planned stations
1 1998 20.4 km 16 7.6 km 7 29 km 27
2 2012 10.6 km 11 17 km 17
3 Planned 16 km 19
Total: 31.0 km 27 62 km 63

First Line M1 – Red line[edit]

The first 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) long section of line 1 consisting of five stations linking Slivnitsa Boulevard through Lyulin and K. Velichkov Boulevard was inaugurated on 28 January 1998. Opalchenska station entered into service on 17 September 1999 and Serdika station situated on St Nedelya Square followed on 31 October 2000, extending the total system length to 8.1 kilometres (5.0 mi). The operational section of the line was further extended with a 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) long section, reaching Obelya housing estate in April 2003.

The extension of Line 1 continued in 2005 with the start of the construction of 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) of tunnels and three stations linking St Nedelya Square and the Interped World Trade Center in Izgrev (station Frédéric Joliot-Curie). 2006 saw the start of the construction of another section of the same line (consisting of 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) of tunnels and three stations) linking Izgrev and Mladost I housing estate. The completion of the first three stations was projected for the autumn of 2007, however as a result of various delays it was the second section from the first line (Vasil Levski stadium – Mladost 1) that first entered into service on 8 May 2009, operating for a brief period of time separately from the north-west portion of the line. The remaining section between Serdika and Vasil Levski stadium station finally entered into service on 7 September 2009[6] establishing an interrupted link between Obelya and Mladost 1 stations.

Line 1 branches in two: Northern branch from Mladost I to Sofia Airport (7.2 kilometres (4.5 mi), six stations), and Southern branch from Mladost I to Business Park Sofia (2.62 kilometres (1.63 mi), three underground stations). The construction of the first two stations of the Northern branch began on 15 February 2009 and was completed on 25 April 2012. The Northern branch extension to Sofia Airport is under way for two underground and two overground stations, 4.968 kilometres (3.087 mi), and is planned to be completed and enter into service by April 2015 at the cost of BGN 136,757,630 (EUR 69,923,066), VAT exclusive.[7][8][9] The construction of the Southern branch to Mladost IV and the Sofia Ring road began on 25 April 2013. The stretch is expected to be ready in two years. It will cost BGN 85,767,683 (EUR 43,852,320), VAT exclusive, and is going to service the majority of the second most densely populated area in Sofia.[10][11]

Sofia Metro Line 1
Line 2
Obelya
Kakach river
Obelya Depot
Slivnitsa
Lyulin
Zapaden Park
Suhodolska river
Vardar
Konstantin Velichkov
Vladayska river
Opalchenska
Serdika
Kliment Ohridski
Perlovska river
Vasil Levski Stadium
Joliot-Curie
Novachitsa river
G.M.Dimitrov
Musagenitsa
Darvenishka river
Mladost 1
Mladost 3
Inter Expo Center -
Tsarigradsko shose
Druzhba 2
Druzhba 1
Iskar
Sofia Airport
Mladost 2
Aleksandar Malinov
Banishka river
BPS - Mladost IV
Sofia Ring Mall
Main Line
Station Image In service since Notes
Obelya (Обеля) EstacionObeliaMetroSofia.jpg 20 April 2003 Set to be used as a link between the depot and line M2.
Slivnitsa (Сливница) 28 January 1998
Lyulin (Люлин) 28 January 1998
Zapaden park (Западен парк) Zapaden park.jpg 28 January 1998
Vardar (Вардар) 28 January 1998
Konstantin Velichkov (Константин Величков) 28 January 1998
Opalchenska (Опълченска) 17 September 1999
Serdika (Сердика) Serdika stantion.jpg 31 October 2000 transfer station between the Red (M1) and Blue (M2) lines
St. Kliment Ohridski Sofia University (СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“) Metrostation-Sofia-University-4.JPG 7 September 2009 situated nearby Sofia University
Vasil Levski stadium (Стадион „Васил Левски“) Vasil Levski stadium.jpg 8 May 2009 situated nearby Vasil Levski National Stadium
Joliot-Curie (Жолио Кюри) 8 May 2009
G.M.Dimitrov (Г. М. Димитров) G.M.Dimitrov.jpg 8 May 2009
Musagenitsa (Мусагеница) Musagenitsa.JPG 8 May 2009 servicing Musagenitsa housing estate
Mladost 1 (Младост 1) Metrostation Mladost 1.JPG 8 May 2009
Northern branch (under construction)
Mladost 3 (Младост 3) Младост 3-вестибюл.jpg 25 April 2012
Inter Expo Center - Tsarigradsko shose (Интер Експо Център - Цариградско шосе) Цариградско-вестибюл.jpg 25 April 2012
Druzhba 2 (Дружба 2) scheduled for April 2015
Druzhba 1 (Дружба 1) scheduled for April 2015
Iskar (НПЗ Искър) scheduled for April 2015
Sofia Airport (Летище София) scheduled for April 2015
Southern branch (under construction)
Mladost 2 (Младост 2) scheduled for April 2015
Aleksandar Malinov (Александър Малинов) scheduled for April 2015
Business Park Sofia - Mladost 4 (Бизнес Парк София - Младост 4) scheduled for April 2015
Sofia Ring Mall (София Ринг Мол) planned

Second Line M2 – Blue Line[edit]

Sofia Metro Line 2
Line 1
Obelya
Kakach River
Lomsko shose
Iliyantsi
 
Rozhen
Beli Dunav
Svoboda
Nadezhda
Lev Tolstoy
Suhodolska
Han Kubrat
Knyaginya Maria Luiza
Central Railway Station
Lavov Most
Vladayska
Serdika II
Serdika
NDK
Perlovska
European Union
James Bourchier
Hladilnika
Cherni vrah
Dragalevtsi


The second line of the Sofia Metro links the districts of Obelya, Nadezhda, the city centre and Lozenets to the south of the city.[12] Half of the construction cost was covered by the European Union, with the remaining part funded by the state and city budgets.[12] Construction of the 6.4 km section between Nadezhda interchange and Lozenets district via Central railway station and the National Palace of Culture started on 14 December 2008. Work on the section between Obelya residential District and Nadezhda started in February 2010. Both sections of the line entered into service on 31 August 2012.[12]

NDK and European Union stations and their connecting tunnels were partly completed during the construction of the National Palace of Culture and the redevelopment of the surrounding area in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

In March 2014, a contract for a south extension of the line was signed. The extension will be 1.3 km long and will include one station, located at the Hladilnika neighbourhood. The construction works are expected to be completed in 22 months from the construction permit.[13]

Provisions have been made for the construction of future branch to Iliyantsi, starting from the existing junction located between Knyaginya Maria Luiza and Han Kubrat stations.

Main Line

Station Image In service since Notes
Obelya (Обеля) EstacionObeliaMetroSofia.jpg 20 April 2003 Set to be used as a link between the depot and line M2.
Lomsko shose (Ломско шосе) Ломско Шосе.jpg 31 August 2012 servicing Vrabnitsa housing estate
Beli Dunav (Бели Дунав) Бели дунав.jpg 31 August 2012 situated on the border between Nadezhda 3 and Nadezhda 4 housing estates
Nadezhda (Надежда) Nadejda - 001.jpg 31 August 2012 situated on Lomsko shose boulevard
Han Kubrat (Хан Кубрат) Кан Кубрат.jpg 31 August 2012 situated on the border between Nadezhda 1 and Nadezhda 2 housing estates
Knyaginya Maria Luiza (Княгиня Мария Луиза) Княгиня Мария Луиза.jpg 31 August 2012 situated nearby Klementinska hospital
Central Railway Station (Централна ж.п. гара) Централна гара.jpg 31 August 2012
Lavov Most (Лъвов мост) Лъвов мост.jpg 31 August 2012
Serdika II (Сердика II) Сердика 2.jpg 31 August 2012 transfer station between the Red (M1) and Blue (M2) lines
NDK (НДК ) Национален дворец на културата.jpg 31 August 2012 situated to the north of the National Palace of Culture
European Union (Европейски съюз)[14] Европейски съюз.jpg 31 August 2012 situated nearby the Earth and Man National Museum
James Bourchier (Джеймс Баучер) Джеймс Баучър.jpg 31 August 2012 servicing Lozenets housing estate
Vitosha (Витоша) scheduled for 2016; construction started August 2014
Cherni vrah (Черни връх) planned
Dragalevtsi (Драгалевци) planned
Iliyantsi branch (planned)
  • Lev Tolstoy (Лев Толстой)
  • Svoboda (Свобода)
  • Rozhen (Рожен)
  • Iliyantsi (Илиянци)

Third Line M3 – Green Line[edit]

The 16 km long third line is planned to connect Ovcha Kupel neighbourhood (in southwest Sofia) and Vasil Levski neighbourhood (in northeast Sofia), with 19 stations in total,[15] including two transfer stations in the city centre, with both of the already operational lines. According to the Municipality, they estimate the line will be put into service by 2018.

There will be 8 overground and 11 underground stations, in the form of urban light rail. The project design contract has been awarded to the Czech company Metroprojekt Praha a.s.[16][17][18]

In March 2014, a tender for construction of the central section of line was announced. The section is 7 km long and includes 7 stations, two of them transfer to lines 1 and 2. With the announcement of the tender it became clear, that the initial plans for 19 stations had been partly amended and 2 of the stations will be not be built, one at Doyran boulevard and another at Shipka street. The tunnel of the central section shall be excavated by a TBM, while the construction of stations shall be awarded to other companies. The construction of the section shall be completed within 45 months.[19]

Rolling stock[edit]

"Rusich" train at Serdika Metro Station.

The system uses two types of rolling stock, both made in Russia.

The older train sets, type 81-717/714, have been manufactured by Metrovagonmash in Mytishchi near Moscow and consisted of 48 carriages in total. They were delivered in 1990 – some 8 years prior to the opening of the first section of the system.

The second generation of rolling stock, type 81-740/741 "Rusich", have also been manufactured by Metrovagonmash. The delivery of this type commenced in 2005. With line M2 now in service, 40 more trains of this type were delivered by the end of 2013.[12]

Traffic figures[edit]

Traffic at Sofia Metro
Year Passengers per day Change Metro Stations
1998 10,000[20] Initial 5
1999 6
2000 70,000[20] Increase700.0 7
2001 7
2002 90,000[21] Increase28.6 7
2003 80,000[4] Decrease11.1 8
2004 8
2005 70,000[22] Decrease12.5 8
2006 8
2007 90,000[23] Increase28.6 8
2008 76,000[24] Decrease15.6 8
2009 201,000[25] Increase264.5 14
2010 187,000[26] Decrease7.0 14
2011 190,000[27] Increase1.6 14
2012 350,000[28] Increase84.2 27
2013 450,000[2] Increase28.6 27
2014 (01.01 – ) 27

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "General Info about Sofia Metro". MetroSofia.com. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  2. ^ a b "Телефон и интернет в метрото в София (снимки)". offnews.bg. 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Председателят на комисията Жозе Мануел Барозу ще пререже лентата на втория лъч на подземната железница" [We want the [European Commission (EC)] 800 million for the third metro line] (in Bulgarian). Строител. July 30, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  4. ^ a b Metropolitan Sofia – General Information
  5. ^ Metropolitan Sofia – General Scheme
  6. ^ "Sofia Metro links east and west Sofia suburbs". Sofia Echo. 7 September 2009. 
  7. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 N. Branch Construction Positions 1 & 2
  8. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 N. Branch Construction Position 3
  9. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 N. Branch Supervision
  10. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 S. Branch Construction
  11. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 S. Branch Supervision
  12. ^ a b c d "Free rides celebrate opening of Sofia metro Line 2". Railway Gazette International. 31 August 2012. 
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ http://media.snimka.bg/s1/0817/027878246.jpg
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ O.P. Transport: Third Metro Diameter (in Bulgarian) BNT, 29 November 2011. Retrieved 30 Sep 2012.
  17. ^ Metroprojekt – History (2011–Future) Metroprojekt.cz – Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  18. ^ METRORAIL 2013 Presentation Metroprojekt.cz
  19. ^ "ОБЯВЛЕНИЕ ЗА ПОРЪЧКА" (in Bulgarian). metropoliten via AOP. 
  20. ^ a b Стоян Братоев Софийски метрополитен. — София: Нота Бене, 2004. — p. 61 — ISBN 954-91420-1-9
  21. ^ Стоян Братоев Софийски метрополитен. — София: Нота Бене, 2004. — p. 14 — ISBN 954-91420-1-9
  22. ^ "Метрото ще вози милион пътници". Standart. 18 July 2005. 
  23. ^ "Паркинги на три етажа в метрото". fakti.bg. 30 March 2007. 
  24. ^ "Намаляват пътниците в градския транспорт". money.bg. 18 February 2009. 
  25. ^ "Столичното метро постави рекорд - 201 хиляди пътници за един ден". BNT. 21 December 2009. 
  26. ^ "Колата измести градския транспорт". monitor.bg. 24 April 2010. 
  27. ^ "400 хиляди пътници на ден ще пътуват с метро от 2012 година". TV7. 19 June 2011. 
  28. ^ "Между 15 и 20% от стойността на метрото са за системите за управление". stroitelstvo.info. 3 December 2012. 

External links[edit]