Software engineering demographics

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Software engineers form part of the workforce around the world.

European Union [1][edit]

India[edit]

There has been a healthy growth in the number of India's IT professionals over the past few years. From a base of 6,800 knowledge workers in 1985-86, the number increased to 522,000 software and services professionals by the end of 2001-02. It is estimated that out of these 522,000 knowledge workers, almost 170,000 are working in the IT software and services export industry; nearly 106,000 are working in the IT enabled services and over 220,000 in user organizations.[2]

Japan[edit]

United States[edit]

About 1 out of every 200 workers is a software engineer. There are 55% to 60% as many software engineers as all traditional engineers. In 2002, software engineering had 612,000 practitioners; 264,790 managers, 16,495 educators, and 457,320 programmers.

Summary[edit]

Based on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics from 2002, about 612,000 software engineers work in the U.S. The size of all software engineering is about 60% the size of all traditional engineering. This comparison holds whether one compares the number of practitioners, managers, educators, or technicians/programmers.

Role # SE Title # TE Title Ratio of SE to TE
Practitioners 611,900 Software Engineers 1,157,020 Traditional Engineers 53%
Managers 264,790 Computer and Information Systems Managers 413,750 Engineering Managers + Construction Managers 64%
Educators 16,495 Computer Science (practical) 29,310 Engineering Teachers 56%
Technicians 457,320 Computer Programmers 516,170 Engineering Technicians 88%

[3] [4] [5] [6]

Software Engineers Versus Traditional Engineers[edit]

The following two tables compare the number of software engineers (611,900), versus the number of traditional engineers (1,157,020). The ratio is 53%.

There are another 1,500,000 people in system analysis, system administration, and computer support, many of whom might be called software engineers. Many systems analysts manage software development teams and analysis is an important software engineering role, so many of them might be considered software engineers in the near future. This means that the number of software engineers may actually be much higher.

Note also that the number of software engineers declined by 5% to 10% from 2000 to 2002.

  Code          Description                     Number  Hourly pay      Annual salary

  15-1031       Software Eng., Applications     356,760 $34.09  $35.48  $73,800 0.7 %
  15-1032       Software Eng., Systems Software 255,040 $35.60  $36.46  $75,840 0.6 %

  17-2011       Aerospace Engineers             74,210  $34.97  $35.63  $74,110 1.1 %
  17-2021       Agricultural Engineers          2,500   $24.38  $26.79  $55,730 2.9 %
  17-2031       Biomedical Engineers            7,130   $29.04  $30.97  $64,420 1.7 %
  17-2041       Chemical Engineers              32,110  $34.85  $36.06  $75,010 1.0 %
  17-2051       Civil Engineers                 207,480 $28.88  $30.29  $63,010 0.4 %
  17-2061       Computer Hardware Engineers     67,180  $34.69  $36.61  $76,150 1.1 %
  17-2071       Electrical Engineers            146,180 $32.78  $33.88  $70,480 0.4 %
  17-2072       Electronics Eng., Exc. Computer 126,020 $33.62  $34.43  $71,600 0.6 %
  17-2081       Environmental Engineers         45,720  $29.52  $30.50  $63,440 0.7 %
  17-2111       Health and Safety, Exc. Mining  34,160  $27.89  $28.77  $59,830 0.7 %
  17-2112       Industrial Engineers            151,760 $29.88  $30.57  $63,590 0.3 %
  17-2121       Marine Eng., Naval Architects   4,810   $32.04  $32.83  $68,280 2.2 %
  17-2131       Materials Engineers             22,780  $30.09  $30.92  $64,310 1.0 %
  17-2141       Mechanical Engineers            203,620 $30.23  $31.33  $65,170 0.4 %
  17-2151       Mining and Geological Eng.      5,050   $29.70  $31.14  $64,770 2.4 %
  17-2161       Nuclear Engineers               15,180  $39.11  $39.57  $82,300 1.3 %
  17-2171       Petroleum Engineers             11,130  $40.08  $41.13  $85,540 1.4 %

Programmers versus Technicians[edit]

Computer programmers (457,320) are considered to have less education, skill, or experience than software engineers. Engineering technicians (526,170) are considered to have less education, skill, or experience than engineers. There are 88% as many programmers as technicians.

 15-1021            Computer Programmers                           457,320 $28.98  $30.62  $63,690 0.6%
 17-3021        Aerospace Engineering & Operations Technicians  14,700      $24.83  $25.48  $52,990 1.1%
 17-3022        Civil Engineering Technicians                   88,380  $18.13  $18.71  $38,910 0.6%
 17-3023        Electrical & Electronic Engineering Technicians     194,960 $20.65  $21.26  $44,210 0.4%
 17-3024        Electro-Mechanical Technicians                  30,360  $18.33  $19.20  $39,930 0.7%
 17-3025        Environmental Engineering Technicians           18,770  $17.72  $18.93  $39,380 1.0%
 17-3026        Industrial Engineering Technicians              59,700  $20.15  $21.79  $45,310 0.9%
 17-3027        Mechanical Engineering Technicians              53,630  $19.85  $20.60  $42,850 0.5%
 17-3031        Surveying and Mapping Technicians               55,670  $14.05  $15.27  $31,760 0.7%

Computer Managers Versus Construction and Engineering Managers[edit]

Computer and information system managers (264,790) manage software projects, as well as computer operations. Similarly, Construction and engineering managers (413,750) oversee engineering projects, manufacturing plants, and construction sites. Computer management is 64% the size of construction and engineering management.

 11-3021   Computer and Information Systems Managers       264,790 $40.98  $43.48  $90,440 0.3%
 11-9021   Construction Managers   208,360 $30.53  $34.24  $71,210 0.7%
 11-9041        Engineering Managers    205,390 $43.71  $46.03  $95,750 0.3%

Software Engineering Educators Versus Engineering Educators[edit]

Until now, computer science has been the main degree to get, whether one wanted to make software systems (software engineering) or study the theoretical and mathematical facets of software systems (computer science). The data shows that the number of chemistry and physics educators (29,610) nearly equals the number of engineering educators (29,310). I estimate that similarly, ½ of computer science educators emphasize the practical (software engineering) (16,495) and ½ of computer science educators emphasize the theoretical (computer science) (16,495). This means that software engineering education is 56% the size of traditional engineering education. Computer science is larger than all engineering, and larger than all physics and chemistry.

 25-1021   Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary        32,990  (4)     (4)     $55,330 1.1%
 25-1032   Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary     29,310  (4)     (4)     $73,100 1.3%
 25-1052   Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary       17,670  (4)     (4)     $60,800 1.3%
 25-1054        Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 11,940  (4)     (4)     $66,960 1.0

Other Software and Engineering Roles[edit]

 15-1051   Computer Systems Analysts       467,750 $30.24  $31.20  $64,890 0.5%
 15-1041        Computer Support Specialists    478,560 $18.80  $20.35  $42,320 0.5%
 15-1061        Database Administrators 102,090 $26.68  $28.41  $59,080 0.5%
 15-1071        Network and Computer Systems Administrators     232,560 $26.35  $27.70  $57,620 0.4%
 15-1081        Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts        133,460 $28.09  $29.51  $61,390 0.6%
 17-3011   Architectural and Civil Drafters        101,190 $17.95  $18.78  $39,060 0.6%
 17-3012        Electrical and Electronics Drafters     35,470  $19.76  $21.16  $44,020 0.8%
 17-3013        Mechanical Drafters     68,280  $19.58  $20.71  $43,080 0.9%

Relation to IT demographics[edit]

Software engineers are part of the much larger software, hardware, application, and operations community. In 2000 in the U.S., there were about 680,000 software engineers and about 10,000,000 IT workers.

There are no numbers on testers in the BLS data.[citation needed]

References[edit]

See also[edit]