Sogod, Southern Leyte
|Municipality of Sogod
Lungsod sa Sogod (Cebuano)
Bungto san Sogod (Waray-Waray)
Bayan ng Sogod (Tagalog)
Poblacion Sogod as seen from Sogod Bay
Map of Southern Leyte showing the location of Sogod
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Congressional District||Lone District of Southern Leyte|
|Founded||September 6, 1571|
|Established||May 18, 1700 (as a barangay)|
|Incorporated||June 10, 1853 (as a municipality)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Imelda U. Tan|
|• Vice mayor||Rufo C. Olo|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||192.70 km2 (74.40 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15.0 m (49.2 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Language||Cebuano, Tagalog, Waray-Waray, English|
|Income class||2nd Class|
Sogod (pronounced [ˈsuɡud]; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Sogod, Tagalog: Bayan ng Sogod, Waray: Bungto san Sogod) is a second class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. Founded in the early 1600s, Sogod became a municipality on June 10, 1853. The name of the municipality originated from the Cebuano word, sogod, meaning "to start". It is one of the few indigenous settlements on Leyte Island during the pre-Hispanic era. The 2010 National Census revealed that the town had a total population of 41,411 inhabitants, making it as the most populous municipality in the province.
The town is mostly mountainous with flat fertile plains in the central and southern portion. Numerous river and creek systems feed the plains with alluvial soil, sustaining the production of rice, corn, copra, tobacco, abaca and root crops. Mining and quarrying is one of the main assets of the municipality, providing additional livelihood to locals. The town is located 126 kilometres (78 mi) south from Tacloban City, the regional center of Eastern Visayas, via the Pan-Philippine Highway.
Sogod is one of the major educational hubs in Southern Leyte. It is home to Southern Leyte State University (SLSU) Main Campus, a premier and foremost state university in the province, the Saint Thomas Aquinas College (STAC), one of the oldest catholic institutions in the province and in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maasin that served the community since January 6, 1946.
The Agas-Agas Bridge, the country's tallest bridge, is located in Barangay Kahupian. It measures thirty (30) stories high or 292 feet (89 m) above ground. The bridge houses the longest zipline in Eastern Visayas with a length of 880 metres (2,890 ft), established as a tourist attraction by the provincial government. This bridge is by far the tallest pier or column that involves the construction of a three hundred fifty (350) linear meter bridge, with a mix of steel and concrete, supported by two (2) piers from the ground.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Local government
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Catholicism in Sogod
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Health
- 9 Communications
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Tourism
- 12 Media
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Until 1953, the town covered a total land area of 236.4 square kilometres (91.3 sq mi). On June 15, 1950, the Congress enacted the Republic Act No. 522, creating the municipality of Bontoc. The act was proven to be lax in nature. The juridical boundaries of the newly created municipality were not fully indicated, causing much tension between the towns of Sogod and Bontoc.
On April 4, 1959, a plebiscite headed by the provincial board of Leyte was conducted in the barangays of Lawgawan, Pangi, Santa Cruz, and Tuburan (the barangays of Casao and Taa were formerly a part of Barangay Santa Cruz at that time) and the results show that more votes were cast in favor of Sogod. After several months, the Provincial Board of Leyte recommended the Bontoc-Sogod dispute to the House of the Representatives. The resolution included the Sogod-claimed barangays, excluding the barangays of Lawagawan, Pangi, Santa Cruz and Tuburan, to be part of the municipality of Bontoc (Republic Act No. 522) and the placing of Granada Creek, an arm of the irrigation canals in Barangay Talisay, as the permanent boundary between the two towns.
Several months later, on December 28, 1959, President Carlos P. Garcia, promulgated Executive Order No. 368, which reconstituted the barangays and sitios which organize the territorial jurisdiction of the municipalities of Bontoc and Sogod.
As a result, the land area of the municipality was reduced to 19,270 hectares (47,600 acres) in land area. The municipality is situated in the northern portion of the province of Southern Leyte and in the south-central side of Leyte Island, facing the Sogod Bay.
Sogod is located 10°23'10 North Longitude and 124°58'48 East Latitude. It is approximately 72 kilometres (45 mi) east from the city of Maasin, the provincial capital of Southern Leyte; 127 kilometres (79 mi) south from Tacloban City, the regional centre of Eastern Visayas and the provincial capital of Leyte; 106 kilometres (66 mi) from Ormoc City, a port city on the northwestern coast of Leyte.
The town is bounded on the north by the municipality of Mahaplag, approximately 38 kilometres (24 mi) northbound via the Maharlika Highway; in the east are the municipalities of Silago, Hinunangan, and Saint Bernard; in the southeast is the municipality of Libagon, about 22 kilometres (14 mi) eastbound via the national highway; facing to the south is Sogod Bay, the only water form that divides the province from west to east; 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) southwest lies the municipality of Bontoc; in the west are the towns of Bato, Hindang, Hilongos, and Inopacan.
Sogod is surrounded by mountain ranges and river systems. Numerous rivers feed the irrigation canals to the rice fields of the municipality. The Mahaplag-Sogod rim is the provincial boundary line that separates the two provinces of Leyte and Southern Leyte in the north. Two aqueducts that link Sogod and Mahaplag in Sitio Balintulay, Barangay Kahupian serve as markers for the boundary. In the east and west sides of the municipality are much similar to the north. The mountain slopes serve as barricades from the other municipalities. However, feeder roads, in this part of the town, are impassable during the rainy season and are prone to landslides. The southern part is bordered by rivers and creeks, wherein Santa Cruz Creek serves as demarcation line between the towns of Bontoc and Sogod. Gakat Creek functions as boundary between Sogod and Libagon.
The municipality has flat-to-rolling plains in the southern part, with rivers crisscrossing the lowland. The Subangdaku River and San Francisco river are the major waterways of the town. The highlands of the Abuyog-Liloan Cordillera cultivate these rivers and contribute to the distribution of soil from the mountains to the paddies in the flatland.
While rivers are abundant in the municipality, springs or tubod are also found in the municipality. The tubods are abundant in the barangays, which supplies the water they need for household purposes. The Magaupas spring in Barangay Pandan and Banat-e Spring in Barangay San Pedro are the main sources of freshwater of the Sogod Water District (SWD), the local distributor of freshwater in Sogod poblacion.
Rugged peaks covered the town's north area. These slopes are dotted with thick rain forests which served as habitat for rare species of flora and fauna. There are three mountain ranges that separates the municipality from the other towns, these are: Baybay-Maasin cordillera, the Abuyog-Liloan cordillera and Mahaplag mountain range.
- The Baybay-Maasin cordillera consists of rolling hills with varied upland plains. This area is known for its lush and productive coconut plantations. Rice paddies formed the rest of the agricultural thicket of the area.
- The Abuyog-Liloan cordillera is rugged and regarded as the bounty for endangered animals such as the tarsiers, eagles, deers, monkeys, and others. The mountain range has an altitude of about 2,000 above sea level. The cordillera houses the Sogod rainforest, a vast area that is being exploited by loggers because of lumber. Due to massive timber cutting, it caused severe flowing of the Subangdaku River and frequent mudslides to the nearby communities. In mid-1980s, the Philippine Government issued the banning of timber cutting in the entire country, leading to the massive restoration of the forests in the country. Now, the environs in this vicinity are slowly restoring its virgin forest by reforestation projects headed by the local government unit (LGU) and non-government organizations (NGO).
- The Mahaplag cordillera is an arm of the Abuyog-Liloan mountain range and has the same characteristics with the other mountain ranges. Being isolated by human activities, it is also home to rare species of flora and fauna.
The coastline of Sogod is characterized by black sands and marshy swampland on the southeastern portion and in the southwestern side are pebbles and rocks that cover the entire poblacion. However, the length of the coastline of Sogod is small, the bay that surrounds the province is named after the municipality because the town is centrally located at the heart of the bay.
It is one of the major drainages of the Sogod Bay, together with Divisoria river in Bontoc town.
For years, following the floodings of the river, it created an issue over the province. The quarrying in the area became rampant and destructive. After many attempts of conserving the site, the issue remained unsolved.
By description, it can be considered a braided river composed of several channels from near areas that divide and reunite forming an alluvial fan with very wide floodplain. As such, the river usually became hazardous during typhoon after a heavy rain. The river sometimes overflows, spilling its waters on the low-lying barangays of San Juan and San Vicente and destroyed an ongoing flood control project worth millions of pesos. The river has been known to meander along its course, ever changing its way over time.
In 2001, portion of the road and banks in Barangay San Miguel along the river have been destroyed. The road slip hampered the economic activities of the local residents as well as national because the destroyed portion is part of the Philippine National Road. The local officials blamed the rechannelization and uncontrolled quarrying of gravel and sand at the side of river as the cause of the flood. At a meeting on March 18, 2002, a government agency alleged that the reason of the incidents of flood and other environmental problems in the river was due to the Philippine Fault System which caused rocks to rumble down. However, the reason was contended because the fault is a geological feature and environmental problems in the province just occurred that time.
Former Governor Damian Mercado and former Congressman Roger Mercado, together with former Mayor Sheffered Lino Tan, ordered the complete rechannelization of the river with the construction of dikes in the barangays of Suba, San Isidro, San Miguel and Inmaculada Concepcion in 2007. The restoration succeeded the plans of former Governor Rossette Yniguez-Lerias to rehabilitate the said river.
An irrigation dam was constructed beneath the Subangdaku Bridge I in Barangay Suba, to control the flow of the current to the farmlands in the southeastern portion of the municipality. It was destroyed during hard rains in January 2011.
The Subangdaku Bridge II was inaugurated on March 2013, connecting it to Barangay San Miguel and Barangay Inmaculada Concepcion. The construction of the new viaduct was part of the Mercados' restoration plan in Subangdaku.
Precipitation is throughout the year making agriculture favorable. Two climate conditions exist: Type D, which is characterized by rainfall more or less evenly distributed all year round and Type E, with no dry season and a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January.
Type E affects the eastern part of Sogod and Type D affects the western part of Sogod. The Subangdaku river serves as a dividing line between the two climate conditions.
|Climate data for Sogod, Southern Leyte, Philippines|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||23
|Precipitation mm (inches)||415
The history of Sogod began long before the arrival of the Spaniards. Sogod was already a trading center in the southern portion of Leyte island. Natives of then Sugut village found a settlement near the banks of the Subangdaku River in the enclaves of Seilani (present-day Southern Leyte province). The baluarte in Barangay Zone III, near the present public market, marks the reminder of the ruins of an old church and a watchtower established around the area.
In 1543, Ruy López de Villalobos led an expedition to Leyte and Samar and landed in the village of Abuyo (present-day municipality of Abuyog). The Spanish navigators were informed by the villagers that a certain area in the southeastern part of the island lies a village named Sugut. Sugut, a local term denoting Chinese vessels called Junk, played a key role in the village as a thriving center for trade and commerce. Chinese traders used to trade the natives with gold, porcelains and slaves.
The economic progress of Sogod was later accounted when the Legazpi expedition in 1565 came to visit the country. It was described as a large and thickly populated village facing Panaon Island. Seventeen (17) years later, the Spanish chronicler, Miguel de Loarca noted that Sugut was one of the aboriginal villages in Leyte, together with Cabalian (San Juan), Ormog (Ormoc City) and Tandaya (Carigara).
Several years later, on September 6, 1571, El Adelantado Miguel López de Legazpi, first Governor-General of the Philippines, assigned Juan de Trujillo as the first encomendero (trustee) of Tandaya (the present-day municipality of Carigara established on July 16, 1595). During the elevation of Tandaya as an encomienda, many villages and settlements in Leyte were drafted in the encomienda system. One of those villages which are qualified to be an encomienda was Sogod. An encomienda was not actually a piece of land, but a favor from the Spanish monarch under which the Spaniard receiving the favor was given the right to collect tributes or taxes from the inhabitants of an area assigned to him. The man who received this favor was called an encomendero.
Datu Bangkaw, locally known by the Sogodnons as “Mangkaw”, led the 1622 Leyte revolt because of the intolerance of the Spanish friars. After Legazpi’s landfall in Abuyo on February 13, 1565, he befriended Bangkaw and became his ally. In return of Legazpi’s good deeds, he supplied the Spaniards with food and other resources. He became a convert to Catholicism and aided the Jesuits in propagating the faith to the Leyteños. Later, Bangkaw apostatized and returned to Paganism. Because of this, the apostate got the ire of the padre cura (friar-curate) and incited the Kalgaranons (eponym for the town folks of Carigara) to rise in arms against the Spanish monarchy. Bangkaw’s short-lived revolt spread like wildfire from Carigara to other parts of the province and threatened the emerging Catholic faith in Leyte. Eventually, the provincial governor of Cebu sent troops in Carigara to suppress the insurgency. The Spanish army, with more than a hundred Cebuano soldiers under Spanish officers, outnumbered Bangkaw’s army. The attack was held in a valley in Carigara: between the barrios of Sogod and Hiraan. A street in Barangay Zone I is named after the datu.
Sogod was object to frequent Moro raids so that a baluarte (watchtower, its ruins still visible today) was built to warn villagers against the approach of the raiders. In such crisis, a colorful personality emerged – Datu Mangkaw. He was a known net-fisherman. Already a fishing ground that it is today, Sogod then had houses clustered close to shore around the watchtower. He is an expert in the art of casting the net, "Laya", he could send out the casting net in a perfect circle in the sea. As the community grew bigger, the residents agitated for a name for their place. Meetings after meetings were held presided by Datu Mangkaw. But every time a meeting is ongoing, a shoal of fish would be seen by the subtle wave of the surface or quick shifting shadow beneath the surface. The eyes of the pondering datu kept stalking it, interfering with the meeting. Satisfying his unequalled fisherman's instinct, he would leave the meeting unattended and his body language was being watched by the attendees, feasting their eyes on the artful slide of the feet of the datu so as not to disturb the surface, his eyes fixed on the school. Then, he shared his catch with the people for the asking, even by strangers. After which, shouts of "Sogod, sogod!" (begin) would reconvene the meeting. Thus the word "Sogod" became the name of the village then and the town as it is today.
First Missionaries in Sogod
Sogod was founded by the Jesuits as a mission in 1616. It was at the baptism of Datu Mangkaw, the village chieftain, and his household, that Father Fabricio Sersali laid the foundation of the Christian faith in Sogod. A church of light materials was constructed near the seashore, and a mission was established and serviced by the Jesuits from Carigara, Hilongos and Cabalian (present-day municipality of San Juan) residencias (mission residence). During the Muslim raids in 1603 and 1634, the church was burned and Father Ventura Barcena was brought as captive to Tawi-Tawi. In 1634, Father Francisco Lauzon was killed and Sogod was prone to Moro raids as it faced Mindanao. Another incident occurred again on September 27, 1705, when the Moros attacked the seashore and killed Father Pedro Oriel. On account of this, the Jesuits in Cabalian undertook the construction of the concrete church and a baluarte (watchtower) in 1718 upon the order of Bishop Sebastian Faronda, Diocese of Cebu. In 1720, the Jesuits formally assigned priests into the settlement together with the newly constructed watchtower and concrete church. These structures were razed to the ground and the Kampanang Bulaw (Golden Bell) was thrown into the rice fields when the Moros returned to Sogod in 1754.
On May 18, 1700, Sogod was lawfully established as a barrio (district/ward). Meanwhile, the neighboring barangay of Consolacion, a barangay 6 kilometers from the Sogod poblacion, became a barrio on February 3, 1730. The barrio once had the sitios of Maak, Punong (Barangays Inmaculada Concepcion and La Purisima Concepcion) and Buac as part of its territory. Like Sogod, Consolacion was a visita (satellite barrio with chapel) of Maasin (1755) and then ceded to Malitbog (1768).
From 1774 to 1785, Augustinian-initiated municipal schools and four (4) rural secondary schools were established in Sogod. These schools were found in the barrios of Hipgasan (Barangay San Pedro), Buntuk (Bontoc town) and Consolacion. The Augustinians pursued the work left by the Jesuits after their expulsion on 1768, serving the spiritual and pastoral needs of the Sogodnons.
A move to create Sogod an independent pueblo was pushed by the tenientes del barrio (village chairmen) of Sogod, Consolacion, Libagon and Buntuk. These were Juan Cavales (Cabales), Antonio Prima, Enero Cegales (Segales), German Catajoy, Silverio Bilisa (Billesa), Juan Barcelon, Miguel Tubia, Juan Dagaas.
On June 10, 1853, Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo and Jose Torres y Busquet, the provincial administrator of Leyte, formally declared the township of Sogod, separating it from the mother-municipality of Malitbog. The civil jurisdiction of Sogod covers the barrios of Punta, Magkasag, Mayuga, Libagon, Nahulid, Pinamasilan, Maak, Consolacion, Punong (Barangay La Purisima Concepcion), Buac (Barangay Buac Gamay), Malupao (Barangay San Isidro), Hipgasan (Barangay San Pedro), Sogod Poblacion, Malangsa (Barangay Santa Cruz), Buntuk, Divisoria, Union, Zamora (Barangay Buenavista), Paku, Hilaan, Bunga and Ta-a.
Don Juan Cavales was appointed as the first gobernadorcillo (mayor) of the town.
On 14 May 1866, Sogod was established as a parroquia (parish), under the advocacy of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The formal inauguration of the parish took place on August 8, 1869, by virtue of a Real Aprobacion (episcopal decree). Father Don Tomas Logroño was the first parish curate to be officially assigned in the area. During his term, the barrio of Libagon was temporarily created as a parish on 1869.
However, in 1886, Father Redondo, a Jesuit historian reports that the church, which was made of light materials, and the convento were in the bad condition. Today, there are no remains of Jesuit architecture in Sogod. The old church traces to the initiative of the secular priest who built the church in the late 19th century.
Creation of the Municipality of Libagon
Libagon is one of the daughter-municipalities of Sogod, together with Bontoc.
The legend of the town comes from a small depression to the ground describe as "Ibaong", "Libaong" or "Libagong", which the name "Libagon" is its primitive name. Spanish authorities mistook reference to the ground fault on the land being tilled as the name of the place. Since that happening, the town is been known as "Libagon". The name "Libagon" suits the town's characteristics because of its wide flatlands, a promising agricultural development area and as game or a tourist destination for its beauty.
The town was a barrio of Sogod, together with Bontoc and Consolacion. In 1885, Nicolas Idjao was elected as gobernadorcillo and transferred the poblacion of Sogod to Libagon. Then, he renamed Libagon to Sogod Nuevo while Sogod to Sogod Viejo. After twelve years of power, Consolacion lost the poblacion and was restored to Sogod for some time when Benito Faelnar was appointed as capitan municipal. But in 1904, Ladislao Decenteceo was elected and transferred the poblacion to Barangay Consolacion. However in 1912, the poblacion was transferred to Sogod, when Vicente Cariño took office in that year.
After much determination and time-after-time transfer of the poblacion of Sogod, Libagon was finally inaugurated as a municipality. On October 16, 1913, Libagon was erected as a municipality with its new capitan municipal, Mariano Espina. Espina was a consejal (councilor) during the Decenteceo administration and he was the fountainhead of creating Libagon a municipality.
Creation of the Municipality of Bontoc
Shortly after the coming of the Americans, Bontoc became a unit barrio of Sogod. On June 15, 1959, it became a regular municipality by the operative provisions of Republic Act No. 522.
The second automated Philippine elections, held on May 13, 2013, had elected new local officials for the whole province of Southern Leyte.
In the municipality of Sogod, Imelda Uy-Tan (LP), current barangay chairwoman of Barangay San Roque and spouse of former Mayor Sheffered Lino Siengco Tan, won against her rival opponent, Isidro Estrera (NUP). Her running mate, Vice-Mayor Rufo Olo (LP) won against former Mayor Edmund Villa (NUP).
Tan had won over 6,266 votes despite Estrera's 4,623 votes in the mayoralty race while Olo managed 5,255 votes and Villa with 5,162 votes for the vice-mayoralty position.
These are the 2013-2016 elected municipal officials, effective on June 30, 2013:
- Mayor: Imelda U. Tan
- Vice-Mayor: Rufo C. Olo
- Sangguniang Bayan Members (Municipal Councilors):
- Jose Ramil Golo
- Jackson Yap
- Napoleon Regis
- Tommy Dejarme
- Jose Autida
- Nilo Casil
- Reynaldo Golo
- Eliseo Faelnar
- Salvador Olayvar (Association of Barangay Councils President)
- Christine Joy Olo (Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President)
List of former municipal leaders
|1853–1855||Don Juan Cavales|
|1856–1857||Don Antonio Prima|
|1858–1859||Don Eulogio Cavales|
|1876–1878||Don Patricio Tubia|
|1885–1887||Don Nicolas Idjao transferred the poblacion to the barrio of Libagon, being a native to the place. The poblacion (town proper) of Sogod then became Sogod Viejo (sometimes called Sogod Del Norte), meaning "Old Sogod" and Libagon became Sogod Nuevo (sometimes called Sogod Del Sur), meaning "New Sogod".|
|1887–1889||Don Eleuterio Faelnar|
|1891–1893||Don Luis Espina|
|1893–1895||Don Nicolas Idjao|
|1895–1897||Don Luis Espina, during this period, move the seat of the parish to Libagon.|
|1903–1904||Captain Don Benito Faelnar became the first Capitan Municipal (equivalent to present-day Mayor). The poblacion and parish was returned to Sogod.|
|1904–1905||Capitan Ladislao Decenteceo relocated the seat of government again to Barangay Consolacion. Decenteceo was proclaimed winner after Faelnar, running for reelection, lost. The voting process was done by whispering the name of a candidate of the voter's choice to the municipal secretary.|
|1905–1907||Capitan Dionisio Labata was the first candidate in the town who won the first election by balloting. The term presidente municipal (municipal president) replaced the Capitan Municipal as the municipal judge of the town.|
|1908–1912||Capitan Gregorio Leviste|
|1912–1916||Don Vicente Cariño restored the seat of government to Sogod. On October 16, 1913, Libagon was made an independent municipality, appointing the first municipal president, Mariano Espina. Espina was formerly a member of the municipal council of Sogod, representing Libagon.|
|1917–1919||Don Estanislao Flores|
|1920–1922||Don Floro Espina|
|1923–1925||Don Estanislao Flores|
|1926–1931||Don Filomeno Mercado|
|1932–1940||Don Gervacio Cadavos|
|1941–1942||Severino Macasocol, who due to his untimely death, served as mayor only for several months .|
|1950–1951||Cecilio Gonzales, during his tenure, Bontoc was made a regular municipality on July 29, 1950.|
|1964–1986||Ignacio Siega served as the longest running mayor of Sogod for over twenty-two (22) years.|
|1986 – November 30, 1987||Doctor Gonzalo D. Yong Jr.|
|December 1, 1987 – January 1, 1998||Oscar T. Rio|
|January 2, 1998 – March 27, 1998||Doctor Gonzalo D. Yong Jr.|
|March 28, 1998 – June 30, 1998||Amalia M. Yap|
|July 1, 1998 – June 30, 2004||Doctor Edmundo R. Villa|
|July 1, 2004 – June 30, 2013||Shefferd Lino S. Tan made multiple changes in Sogod and became the leading progressive center in the province. Again, Tan was reelected as municipal mayor of Sogod during the 2007 elections, after a close election against the opponent, Colonel George Rabusa. Rabusa was a resigned top military official that served the municipality for a couple of years. During those days, the municipality was appointed by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) as an "election hotspot". During the 2013 elections, Tan ran as vice governor of the province of Southern Leyte and won against Dr. Alberto Lagumbay, served as provincial board member for three (3) consecutive terms.|
|July 1, 2013 – Present||Imelda U. Tan|
The barangay (ward/district) plays a pivotal role as the planning and implementing unit of government policies, programs and activities. Each barangay is led and governed by the barangay officials. This political unit is considered as a local government unit (LGU) same as the provincial and the municipal government. It is composed of a punong barangay (barangay captain/chairman/chief), a sangguniang barangay (barangay council) with seven (7) barangay kagawads (barangay councilors) who are all duly elected by their constituents, and a sangguniang kabataan (youth council) chairman afforded with full membership status in the council after being duly elected but only by the barangay's youth sector. Thus, there are eight (8) members of the legislative council in a barangay. Each kagawad has his/her own respective Committee where he/she is the chairperson. Three members are appointed to carry out the functions of each committee. Below are the committees in the barangay vouncil:
- Peace and Order Committee,
- Appropriations, Finance and Ways and Means Committee,
- Education Committee,
- Health Committee,
- Agriculture Committee,
- Tourism Committee,
- Infrastructure Committee, and
- Youth and Sports Committee.
Sogod is politically subdivided into forty-five (45) barangays or barrios. Of the forty-five barangays, ten (10) barangays are within the poblacion (town proper) while thirty-five (35) barangays are situated in the rural countryside. The poblacion of Sogod comprises the barangays of Rizal, San Jose, San Pedro, San Roque, Tampoong, Zone I, Zone II, Zone III, Zone IV and Zone V.
The largest barangay in the municipality is Kahupian. Like many other barrios in the municipality, Barangay Kahupian is rural and sleepy. However, it is home to the bulk of the abaca and copra businesses, together with the mountain barrios in the northern portion of the municipality. The Manila hemp or abaca is exported to other countries because it is used as ropes and papers. While the copra is the dried coconut shell and is extracted into coconut oil. The barrio is also famous for the Agas-Agas Bridge, the highest bridge in the Philippines. Barangay Kahupian has a total population of about 1,400 individuals, each distributed in six (6) sitios, namely: Balintulay, Centro, Hagna, Kabernal, Lubong Sapa, and Silao Bato. Other larger barangays are San Francisco Mabuhay, Hipantag, Kauswagan, Javier, Hindangan and Magatas. The said barangays, except Javier, are found on the mountainous part of Sogod and are isolated from neighboring barangays.
Barangay Zone IV, found at the heart part of the poblacion, ranks as the smallest. The barangay is home to 500 individuals. It is classified as the residential and commercial hub of the municipality. In the barangay lies the Sogod Municipal Auditorium, the Sangguniang Bayan Session Hall, the Vice Mayor's office and other local government offices. Most of the smaller barangays are found in the densely populated areas in the municipality, particularly in the poblacion and in the southeast region.
These are the districts that constitute the municipality of Sogod:
|List of Barangays of Sogod and their Population and Households|
|Barangay||Population (2010)||Household (2000)|
|Immaculada Concepcion (Concepcion I)||
|La Purissima Concepcion (Concepcion II)||
|San Francisco Mabuhay||
|San Isidro (Malupao)||
|San Juan (Agta)||
|San Miguel (Batang)||
|San Pedro (Hipgasan)||
|Zone I (San Antonio)||
|Zone III (San Lorenzo Ruiz)||
List of Barangay Name Etymology and History
- The sitio was instated as a barangay on June 21, 1959, through the mandated provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- Buac Daku
- It was named after its mother barangay, Barangay Buac Gamay. Since, the barangay was divided into two, this barangay remains large in area and the latter names the village as "Buac Daku".
- Buac Gamay
- Although Burak is the generic Cebuano term for "flower" (burak in Cebuano; bulaklak in Tagalog), now virtually unused, it specifically refers to the ilang- ilang (Cananga odorata), a tree whose flowers are very fragrant, and whose oil is used in the perfume industry. The size of this village is relatively small and after it was divided, the barangay renamed as "Buac Gamay".
- It is named after a local shrub or tree known as "Badba-an", which abounds in the area even at present. The barangay was officially established on June 21, 1959, through the provisions of the Republic Act No. 2563. It was formerly a sitio of Barangay Libas.
- This barangay is one of the oldest existing barrios in the municipality of Sogod, founded on February 3, 1730, as a village. The barangay's primitive name is "Maak", comes from the word "maa", signifying water fault as the river ceased to pass through the village. Maak was one of the mother barangays among several barrios located along the southern shore of the municipality. It includes Barangays Consolacion, Salvacion, Mahayahay, Javier and Maac. It was renamed as Consolacion during the Spanish era.*
- It was formerly a sitio of Barangay San Isidro. On June 21, 1959, the sitio attained its barangayhood through the mandated provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- It was created as a barangay through the mandated provisions stated by the Republic Act No. 2563, dated June 21, 1959.
- The barangay is named after the Hindang (Anubing) tree, a tree reaching a height of about 30 meters and a diameter of about 100 centimeters. The tree is found in abundance in the barangay. The barangay was officially established on June 21, 1959, through the provisions of the Republic Act No. 2563.
- The barangay was established on June 19, 1965, through the provisions mandated by the Republic Act No. 4306.
- Immaculada Concepcion (Concepcion I)
- Named after its patroness, Nuestra Seniora de Inmaculada Concepcion (Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception).
- Named in honor of Daniel Falcon Javier, a former teacher and principal of the Cebu Normal College (now Cebu Normal University). His achievement as a principal of the university and providing education, health and extensive farming activities to the communities of Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte, and in Barangay Bugho, Abuyog, Leyte, gave prestige in naming the barangay in honor of him. Bugho (the present-day municipality of Javier, Leyte) later changed her name after him, eight (8) years after the barangay was created into a municipality on 1957. The barrio was formerly a sitio of Barangay Maac.
- It is the largest and northernmost barangay in the municipality of Sogod. The barangay was overgrown by the Hupi fruit, thus the barangay is known as Kahupian, meaning "a place where the fruit is abundant". It was created as a barangay on June 19, 1971, under the mandated provisions by the Republic Act No. 6230. The sitios of Bood Taas, Tabunan, Hap-on, Kabugua-an, Tigbawan, Lubong Sapa, Kahupian-Centro and Pangalkagan (Sitio Balintulay) are under the jurisdiction of the said barangay.
- Named after the Nangka (Jackfruit) tree, a species of tree in the mulberry family and is native to the Philippines, which is found in abundance in the barangay. The tree is used as a landmark or a boundary marker of the barangay. Due to this situation, people from neighboring barangays named it as Kanangkaan, a named that was quickly adapted by the people.
- It was created as a barangay on June 21, 1959, through the Republic Act No. 2563. On June 19, 1960, the Republic Act No. 2810 was passed to ensure that the jurisdiction of the said barangays will be the sitios of Kantabuan, Baycasili, Mamingaw, Tag-abaca and Kampuwa. Thus, it was established as a full status barangay.
- La Purissima Concepcion (Concepcion II)
- Formerly, it was known as Punong, meaning "a shoal of fish". Since the location of the barangay lies along the southern shores of the municipality, fishes abound in the barangay. It was similarly renamed as La Purissima Concepcion (Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception), the barangay's patroness, like that of Barangay Immaculada Concepcion. The barangay used to be a sitio of Barangay Immaculada Conception. It was created as a barangay on June 21, 1959 through the provisions mandated by the Republic Act No. 2600.
- It is named after the Libas (Hog Plum) tree, a medium to tall tree reaching a height of about 25 meters and a diameter of about 60 centimeters. The tree is endemic in the village and the latter chooses the tree as the namesake of the barangay. Barangay Libas is one of the thickly populated villages in the municipality.
- This barangay is one of the oldest existing barrios in the municipality of Sogod, founded on February 3, 1730, as a village. The barangay's primitive name is "Maak", comes from the word maa, signifying water fault as the river ceased to pass through the village. Maak was one of the mother barangays among several barangays located along the southern shores of the municipality. It includes Barangays Consolacion, Salvacion, Mahayahay, Javier and Maac.
- The barangay was formerly a sitio of Barangay Tampoong. It was established as a barangay on June 21, 1959, through the efforts of Republic Act No. 2563.
- It is derived from the word, Gatason, because the water flowing from the streams are Gatason or "whitish" in color. The phenomenon is due to the kinds of trees found in the mountain area of the barangay.
- In the vicinity of the barangay lies a medium-sized spring and the people described the waters as malinao or "clear". Thus, the people adapted the expression, Malinao as the name of their place. It was formerly a sitio of Barangay Buac Gamay, under the name of Ilo. The sitio was elevated into a barangay status on June 21, 1959, through the mandated provisions of Republic Act No. 2563. It was established with proper boundary and jurisdiction on June 19, 1960, under the Republic Act No. 2810.
- Maria Plana
- The barangay was formerly a sitio of Barangay Mahayahay. It was formally established as a barangay on June 21, 1959, through the provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- It existed as a barangay on June 21, 1959, through the provisions stated by the Republic Act No. 2563. It was once a part of Barangay San Roque.
- The people of this barangay formerly settled in the top of a mountain. It was known as Olisihan, because of the abundance of olisi trees in their settlement. When the national highway was constructed and bisects through the mountains of the municipality, many people relocated near the highway and leaving the old site abandoned. Thus, the settlement was moved and the populace remained in this area. It was formerly a sitio of Barangay Suba until it was granted as a barangay on June 21, 1959, through Republic Act No 2563.
- Pancho Villa
- It was formerly known as Pinamono-an. It was changed in honor of the first Filipino boxer Francisco Guilledo (popularly known by the moniker Pancho Villa). It was a sitio of Barangay Suba until June 21, 1959. The sitio was created and established through the mandated provisions by the Republic Act No 2563.
- This barangay was named Pandan because of its abundance of pandan plants found in the area witnessed by early settlers.
- Named in honor of José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. On June 21, 1959, the sitio was elevated as a barangay through the provisions mandated by the Republic Act No. 2563.
- Barangay Salvacion used to be a sitio of Barangay Consolacion.*
- San Francisco Mabuhay
- The exact creation is never known by the people of this barangay. However, the barangay existed in 1952, after the World War II. The name of the barangay has two (2) significant names, a combination of words that leads to the creation of the barangay. First, when the settlement was declared a barangay, the latter shouts for "Mabuhay! Mabuhay!", meaning the people celebrate and being joyous to the decision of the assembly to convert the sitio into a barangay. Thus, the people adapted the name "Mabuhay". Second, the settlement was led by a certain Teniente del Barrio Francisco Garlet, the fountainhead of making the settlement a barangay. Through his efforts, it was named Francisco Mabuhay. Since, the people are mostly Catholics and are religious in nature; they put the "San" (Saint or Holy) before the name of the barangay. Hence, it is known by the name of San Francisco Mabuhay. The patron saint of the barangay is Saint Vincent Ferrer. On June 21, 1959, the place was established as a barangay through the mandated provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- San Isidro
- It was formerly known as Malupao. Later, the people renamed it after San Isidro Labrador (Saint Isidore the Laborer), the patron saint of farmers and of the barangay.
- San Jose
- It was named after San Jose (Saint Joseph), the patron saint of the barangay. The barangay was created on June 21, 1959, through the mandated provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- San Juan
- The barangay was formerly known as Agta, a legendary creature that resides on trees and far-flung places. Many residents believed that the Agta owned and lived in the present site. A certain educated stranger later emerged in the village and changed the name of the barangay. It was decided that the name of the barangay will be named after its patron saint, San Juan Bautista (Saint John the Baptist). It existed as a barangay on June 21, 1959, when the Republic Act No. 2563 was passed in the congress to instill the barangayhood of several sitios in the third district of Leyte. However, on June 19, 1960, the sitios of Hubasan, Agta Proper, Manduduknay, Kabas-an and Cabadbaran were merge to the newly created barangay.
- San Miguel
- It was formerly known as Batang, after the Batang tree. It was decided that the barangay will be named in honor of their patron saint, San Miguel (Saint Michael the Archangel).
- San Pedro
- The barangay was formerly named after the Hipgasan River which passes through the village. Presently, it was renamed after its patron saint, San Pedro (Saint Peter).
- San Roque
- The barangay is named in honor of their patron saint, San Roque (Saint Roch).
- San Vicente
- It was founded as a barangay in 1950. The barangay is subjected by mudslides. Thus, the brief description of the people of the barangay is Anas, vernacular for "landslides". However, the name was later changed into San Vicente, named after their patron saint, San Vicente Ferrer (Saint Vincent Ferrer). On June 21, 1959, the place was formally established as a barangay through the provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- Santa Maria
- It was officially carved out from Barangay Libas on June 21, 1959, through the provisions of Republic Act No. 2563.
- The barangay nestles along the Subangdaku River, thus earning the barangay's name, Suba.
- Zone I
- It was formerly known as San Antonio, named after its patron saint San Antonio de Padua (Saint Anthony of Padua).
- Zone II
- This barangay is popularly known by the residents as Kalanggaman, meaning "a haven for birds".
- Zone III
- It was formerly known as San Lorenzo Ruiz, named after its patron saint San Lorenzo Ruiz (Saint Lorenzo Ruiz). The named is popularly called by the inhabitants until today. In the vicinity of the barangay lies the Sogod Integrated Public Market, one of the biggest markets in the province.
- Barangay articles that contains an asterisk (*) sign contains confusion and requires further analysis on the exact history of the said barangay. Please notify, edit, and add additional information to the articles above.
|Population census of Sogod|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The town has a total population of 41,411 individuals as of 2010[update] National Statistics Office (NSO) Census. The town ranks second, after the City of Maasin, in terms of population in the province of Southern Leyte.
While ethnicity of the municipality is mostly Cebuanos, Boholanos and Surigaonons, most people in Sogod are farmers and fisherfolks. The Tagalogs and the Warays comprise the minorities in the municipality.
Within the municipality, Barangay Zone V registered as the highest population of about 3,536 inhabitants, followed by Barangay Zone III and Barangay Rizal with the population of 2,138 inhabitants and 1,852 inhabitants respectively.
But the barangay with the lowest population is Barangay Buac Daku, having a population of only 101 individuals; followed by Barangay Hindangan and Barangay Lum-an with the population of 125 individuals and 127 individuals respectively.
The town is also suffering from urbanization because of the rapid economic progress in the poblacion. Rural barangays, mostly found in the hinterlands, are having a decrease in their population rate due to lack of employment and livelihood.
Language and literacy
The native language is Cebuano and the major language spoken in the municipality. The speech variety however used by the people has also Boholano (Bol-anon) influences because of its proximity with the province Bohol. Some Sogodnons also used the Surigaonon dialect with mixed Boholano variety, those having a Surigaonon lineage. Furthermore, Waray-Waray is spoken as a secondary language. Natives also understood foreign languages such as English and Spanish.
The majority of the population of Sogod belongs to the Roman Catholic Church with a percentage of about 93% of the total population. 7% adheres to Protestantism and Islam. The present parish church, which was constructed in the 1960s, is one of the largest churches in the whole Roman Catholic Diocese of Maasin. Sogod is considered as the bulk or the stronghold of the Catholic faith in the whole province because of its large number of adherents, despite of the growing proliferation of the Protestant sects.
Sogod was founded by the Jesuits in 1616 as a mission station. Datu Bangkaw (Mangkaw), together with Father Fabricio Sersali, constructed the first Catholic chapel in the village (made out of cogon and nipa). Following the construction of the chapel, the mission station in Sogod was attended by the Jesuits from the residencias (residence) of Hilongos, Cabalian (present-day San Juan municipality) and of Carigara, which is the headquarters of the Jesuit mission in Leyte.
Protestant churches such as the Seventh-day Adventist Church, United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), Iglesia Ni Cristo, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), Church of God International, Filipino Crusaders World Army (Moncados), Baptist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Church of Christ, Christian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines - Sogod Alliance Church, Assembly of God and others, set and maintain their churches in christening the town. The Protestants are active in areas which are far from the town proper and in the hinterlands.
Every barangay and sitio has its own Roman Catholic chapel aside from the parish church in the poblacion and in Barangay Consolacion. The municipality is under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, which the Sogodnons celebrated her feast day on every 15 December. Sogod parish is the seat of the Vicariate of the Immaculate Conception, which is composed of six (6) parishes (Bontoc, Barangay Consolacion, Barangay Divisoria, Libagon, Sogod and Tomas Oppus parishes). The Consolacion parish was created on 1967, under the patronage of the Holy Child Jesus (Santo Niño) and celebrates their fiesta on every Last Saturday of January.
Although most people are Christians, a very few who live in remote villages of the municipality hold-on to Pre-Hispanic influences in making offerings and sacrifices before planting their crops. Farmers ritually sacrifice chickens and pigs to ensure that the spirits or elementals which they believe to be the cause of good harvest will grant them.
The town's fiesta is celebrated in the municipality with prayer, food/drinks, dance and music. Every barangay in the town have their own distinct date of celebration. Sogod pays homage to the patroness Immaculate Conception of Mary every 14th and 15 December annually.
Catholicism in Sogod
Catholicism is a deeply rooted institution in this municipality within 93% of the entire population of Sogod embracing the faith. On May 8, 2011, the Diocese of Maasin was reshuffling the appointment of priests to their respected assignments. Monsignor Nestor S. Astillo, Father Pepito Generan Jr., are the new parish curate, parochial vicar of the Immaculate Conception of Mary Parish of Sogod, respectively. In the Holy Child Parish of Barangay Consolacion, Father Jose Benito S. Labrador replaced Father Norberto Cordoves as parish priest.
Sogod, under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maasin since 1968, is divided into two parishes, namely:
- Holy Child Parish, Barangay Consolacion
- Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish, Barangay Rizal (Poblacion)
Holy Child Parish of Barangay Consolacion
The Holy Child Parish of Barangay Consolacion was established in 1967 by the Bishop Teotimo Pacis, Archdiocese of Palo. As of the 1993 census, the total Catholic population is 9,616.
At present, the parish has maintained a number of mandated religious organizations which are active in the various fields of church apostolates, namely: Catholic Women's League, Legion of Mary, Catholic Charismatic Renewal Movement, and cofradias (confraternities) like the Birhen sa Lourdes (Our Lady of Lourdes), Sagrada Corazon (Sacred Heart), Inahan sa Kanunayng Panabang (Our Lady of Perpetual Help), San Jose (Saint Joseph) and San Antonio (Saint Anthony of Padua). Other organizations are the Knights of the Santo Niño (established by Father Oliver Edulan), Lay Ministers, Catechists, Catholic Faith Lay Apostolic Movement of the Philippines (CF-LAMP), Parish Emergency Action Team and the Knights of the Altar (KOA).
From September 1992 to March 1993, the parish launched an intensive doctrinal and spiritual formation program through the Catholic Faith Lay Apostolic Movement of the Philippines (CF-LAMP), a local group tasked of defending the Catholic faith from proselytizing sects. This program has brought about remarkable conversations especially among the nominal and indifferent Catholics that the effects have been dubbed balik-Simbahan. One of the fruits of this program is that the barrio faithful have also embarked on renovations and extensions of their respective chapels.
It is the hope of the parish to mold, form and activate small Christian communities so that they will ultimately become the images of Christ here on earth – that of a worshipping, evangelizing, and serving community.
|Priests who served the Holy Child Parish of Barangay Consolacion|
|Period of Tenure||Parish Priest|
|1967–1968; June – July 1969||Father Gregorio Florendo|
|April – June 1969||Father Dominador Sudario|
|1969–1971||Father Crutato Arceño|
|1971–1973||Father Vicente Lora|
|1973–1976||Monsignor Nestor Astillo, PC|
|1976–1977||Father Patrick Kelly, SFM|
|1977–1979||Monsignor Amado Olayvar, PC|
|1979–1981||Father Celso Rojas|
|1981–1983||Father Wilson De Los Reyes|
|1983–1984||Father Urcisino Luzon (administrator)|
|1984–1986||Father Marianito Dondoyano|
|1986–1988||Father Prospero Pael|
|1988–1992||Father Oliver Edulan|
|1992–2004||Monsignor Santos Sabondo Jr.|
|2004–2011||Father Norberto Cordoves|
|May 2011 – Present||Father Jose Benito Labrador|
|List of Barangay Chapels under the Holy Child Parish of Consolacion|
|Barangay||Patron Saint||Feast Day|
|Buac Gamay||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 16|
|Concepcion||Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary||December 8|
|Consolacion||Holy Child Jesus||Last Saturday of January|
|Hubasan (San Juan)|
|Javier||Saint Peter the Apostle||June 27|
|La Purisima Concepcion||Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary||December 8|
|Maac||Christ the King||October 30|
|Mahayahay||Holy Child Jesus||January 15|
|Malinao||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 12|
|Olisihan||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 15|
|Salvacion||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 25|
|San Juan||Saint John the Baptizer||June 24|
|San Vicente||Saint Vincent Ferrer||April 28|
|Suba||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 15|
- The titular name of the patron, which was carried by the parish as well, is the name Holy Child.
- Schedules may change, varied, delayed or postponed. Some has no exact date or reference.
Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish of Sogod
"Sogod", Cebuano term meaning "to start" and this word aptly describes this booming town located at the innermost part of the bay on the southern portion of Leyte island. One look at the map of the island, and one certainly cannot miss this town.
Aptly so, because Sogod is where thousand start their journey to other parts of the archipelago. In other words, this town is a junction to many places. One can take a ride to the capital city with ease, for buses and jeepneys go there by the hour. You need to go to a regional office in Tacloban City, and several buses a day can take you there. The ferry terminal in Liloan is just an hour's ride away, and Mindanao is almost at the doorstep from there. A trip to Manila is not a problem, for long-distance transport is available. Indeed, Sogod is a good place to start when one wants to go to somewhere.
Demised Mariologists may turn in their graves, but the patroness of Sogod can also be said to be a Sogodnon. For, technically speaking (may God allow the use of this phrase in His divine plan), Immaculada Concepcion speaks of the beginning of the Incarnation. The Blessed Virgin, chosen by God to become the Mother of his Son, is starting her earthly life through an "Immaculate Conception" in her mother's womb. Aptly chosen as the patroness of the parish as well by the community, indeed.
Of course, under the mantle of the Our Lady, the Sogodnons have already begun their journey towards salvation. It all began when the people of Sogod started building a church of light materials. But Moro pirates, as legend tells it, razed the structure to the ground. Unfazed, the people again started to build another church – now made of strong materials, and a watchtower. The Moro invaders returned and burned and destroyed the church and the watch tower. In spite of these tragedies, the people remained where they were. It is regarded as a test of faith to see their churches burned time and again, the Sogodnons transformed their community into a church with a capital 'C'. This community – God's people became a parish on May 14, 1866, under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary by virtue of a Real Aprobacion. Another leg of the journey had been overcome.
The history of Sogod Parish seems to be an endless cycle of starts and beginnings (Even its present church building which was started in the early 1960s and considered one of the biggest in the diocese is still unfinished.) But this is where one can find the charm of the place and its people. Undaunted by events that somehow destroy what they had begun, the Sogodnons can always be counted to rise up and start all over again.
|Priests who served the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish of Sogod|
|Period of Tenure||Parish Priest|
|June 1869 – April 1882||Father Don Tomas Logroño was the first parish curate to be officially assigned in the area. During his term, the barrio of Libagon was temporarily created as a parish on 1869. Father Logroño would visit the barrio once a week or so and ministered the spiritual and pastoral needs of the parishioners.|
|April 1882 – November 1902||Father Ramon Abarca succeeded Father Logroño as cura paroco of Sogod. The municipio (town hall) and the poblacion of Sogod were transferred to Libagon by Don Nicolas Idjao, the gobernadorcillo at that era. The parish was also moved to Libagon, demoting the status of Sogod from a parish to a visita. Idjao adjusted Libagon’s position to the municipality: Sogod poblacion was renamed as Sogod Viejo (Sogod del Norte) and Libagon became Sogod Nuevo (Sogod del Sur).|
|November 1902 - December 1903||Father Domingo Javier, during his tenure, the parish and the poblacion was again transferred to Sogod after Capitan Benito Faelnar won the 1902 elections as presidente municipal. The 1903 census, conducted by the Leyte Provincial Government after the elections, Sogod had a total population of 4,055 inhabitants and 1,011 of whom were registered voters while Libagon had 4,642 inhabitants and registered voters exceeds to 1,073.|
|December 1903 - June 1908||Father Diego Paras, the seat of the municipal government was moved to Consolacion. Even though the poblacion was in Consolacion, the parish was still in Sogod. Major religious activities and celebrations, such as the feast day of saints, Misa de Gallo, Holy Week Services, Flores de Mayo and etc., were held favorably in Sogod than that of Consolacion. The parish enjoyed relative tranquility in this era. According to the 1911 census made by the Diocese of Calbayog, the parish of Sogod had a total population of 9,597 baptized Catholics. This census included the main barrios of Buntuk, Consolacion and Libagon.|
|June 1908 - December 1910||Father Pelagio Aviles|
|December 1910 - February 1916||Father Segundo Espiritu replaced Father Aviles as the parish priest of Sogod. During his tenure, Capitan Vicente Cariño returned the poblacion to Sogod on 1912. A year after the transfer of the poblacion, Libagon became an independent municipality on October 16, 1913, with Mariano Espina as the first presidente municipal. Libagon was still dependent of the parish of Sogod during this era.|
|March 1916 - June 1921||Father Pablo Cui|
|June 1921 - October 1924||Father Roman Enciso|
|January 1924 – June 1925||Father Januario Cordobes|
|July 1925 – December 1925||Father Francisco Sacro|
|December 1925 – July 1926||Father Pedro Morfe|
|July 1926 – October 1933||Father Abino B. Abrera|
|October 1933 – November 1933||Father Januario Cordobes|
|November 1933 – March 1944||Father Pedro Aruta|
|April 1944 – April 1957||Monsignor Luis Caintic, PC started the renovation of the church, made out of wood and light materials, after it was severely damage by the Typhoon Amy on December 1951. He founded the Saint Thomas Aquinas Academy in 1946. On December 26, 1956, Bontoc became a fully pledge parish under the advocacy of the Holy Child Jesus. Six (6) years before its parochial inauguration, Bontoc was elevated into a municipality in July 29, 1950.|
|August 1957 – November 1957||Father John Li (Co-adjutor)|
|November 1957 – April 1961||Father Sergio Osmeña the church was moved from Barangay Zone I (at the back of the current municipal hall) to Barangay Rizal (at the junction of Concepcion and Flores Streets); started the construction of a new concrete church which was larger than the previous one. It was the third relocation of the church.|
|September 1958 – April 1961||Father Juan Gaborni (Co-adjutor)|
|May 1961 – May 1963||Father Licerio S. Oledan|
|May 1963 – April 1972||Father Porfirio P. Suarez created Barangay Consolacion as an autonomous parish. The newly born barangay parish, dedicated to the Holy Child Jesus, was graced by Bishop Teotimo Pacis in 1967. Father Gregorio Florendo served as its first pastor.|
|April 1972 – May 1981||Father Vicente S. Lora|
|June 1981 – May 1986||Monsignor Juanito Arreglo, PC|
|May 1986 – June 1986||Monsignor Amado D. Olayvar, PC was responsible for the college accreditation of the parish-run Saint Thomas Aquinas College in August 1997. The parish fiesta was moved from the 15th to the 21st of December in the early 1990s.|
|July 1986 – June 1992||Father Manuel S. Nueve|
|June 1992 – February 1999||Monsignor Amado D. Olayvar, PC, during his tenure, Barangay Divisoria became an independent parish on June 5, 1995, under the guidance of Saint Isidore the Laborer. It was once a part of Bontoc parish.|
|February 1999 – May 2004||Father Lorenzo Suarez changed the parish fiesta to its original date: the 15th of December.*|
|May 2004 – April 2011||Monsignor Felix Paloma, PC led the construction of a shrine dedicated to the beloved patroness of the municipality, Immaculate Conception of Mary. He was responsible for the acquisition of a new tabernacle in the church sanctuary and the modernization of the parish office.|
|May 2011 – Present||Monsignor Nestor Astillo, PC continued the repairs in the church and in the convent: relocation of the adoration chapel, installation and repair of the sound system and fans in the church and the refurnishing of the pews. He remodeled the former construction of the church façade by removing the interior pillars and replacing it with two medium-sized bell towers and choir loft. The monsignor had plans to replace the old rectory with a bigger and concrete structure.|
- The chaos of the Japanese occupation (1941-1944) brought during the Second World War resulted in the disarray of the Catholic populace, most of whom struggled for survival during the nadir point of Sogod’s history.
- The end of the Second World War re-awakened the people’s awareness of their being a Church community, but it was long and tedious process. The Filipino priests encouraged the establishment of traditional mandated or devotional religious organizations or cofradias. But one of the extant documents states that only few Catholics attended Holy Mass regularly. Another report stated that majority of the faithful could not avail of the Church’s services due to the remoteness and inaccessibility of the hinterland barrios. In general, the local clergy had difficulty in tending to their apostolic tasks.
- Unfortunately, due to the war, the town lost majority of its records and documents that could give an accurate historical account of the parish of Sogod.
|List of Barangay Chapels under the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary Parish of Sogod|
|Barangay||Patron Saint||Feast Day|
|Balintulay (Kahupian)||Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary||December 6|
|Benit||Our Lady of Perpetual Help||June 27|
|Cabadbaran||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 5|
|Casao, Bontoc town||Holy Cross||May 20|
|Curva (Dagsa)||Holy Cross / Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 19|
|Dagsa||Saint Joseph||March 19|
|Dampoy (Pancho Villa)||Saint Augustine of Hippo||August 28|
|Hagna (Kahupian)||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 20|
|Hibod-Hibod||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 22|
|Hindangan||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 25|
|Hipantag||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 15|
|Hon-ob (San Francisco Mabuhay)||Saint Roch||August 15|
|Kahupian||Our Lady of Perpetual Help||June 26|
|Kauswagan||Saint Vincent Ferrer||Last Saturday of April|
|Lawgawan, Bontoc town||Holy Child Jesus||January 21|
|Layog (Benit)||Our Lady of Perpetual Help||June 27|
|Libas||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 16|
|Lubong Sapa (Kahupian)||Holy Child Jesus||January|
|Lum-an||Holy Child Jesus||January 20|
|Mabicay||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 15|
|Magatas||Saint Philomena||August 11|
|Matalwa (San Miguel)||Holy Cross||May 17|
|Milagroso||Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary||Third Saturday of October|
|Pancho Villa||Saint Augustine of Hippo||August 27|
|Pandan||Holy Child Jesus||Last Saturday of January|
|Pangi, Bontoc town||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 18|
|Paril (Mabicay)||Saint Isidore the Laborer||May 21|
|Rizal||Holy Child Jesus||January 16|
|San Francisco Mabuhay||Saint Vincent Ferrer||April 25|
|San Isidro||Saint Isidore the Laborer||Last Saturday of May|
|San Jose||Saint Joseph||March 19|
|San Miguel||Saint Michael the Archangel||September 29|
|San Pedro||Saints Peter and Paul||June 29|
|San Roque||Saint Roch||August 16|
|Santa Cruz, Bontoc town||Holy Cross||May 24|
|Santa Maria||Holy CHild Jesus||Last Monday of January|
|Silao Bato (Kahupian)||Sacred Heart of Jesus||June 16|
|Ta-a, Bontoc town||Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary / Sacred Heart of Jesus||October 7|
|Tampoong||Holy Cross||May 3|
|Tinina-an (Magatas)||Holy Cross||May 3|
|Tigao (Magatas)||Saint Philomena||August 10|
|Tuburan, Bontoc town|
|Zone I||Saint Anthony of Padua||June 13|
|Zone II||Saint Roch||August 21|
|Zone III||Saint Lorenzo Ruiz||September 28|
|Zone IV||Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary||Third Saturday of October|
|Zone V||Our Lady of Light||September 8|
- Schedules may change, delayed or postponed.
|Charcoal (Burnt Coconut shells), Abaca Fibers, Ceramics, Furnitures, Garments,
Hollow Blocks, Gravel, Sand, Rice Refining, Textiles, Saw Mill
|Rice, white corn, sugar cane, copra, Abaca production, root crops, bread,
Coconuts, Poultry, Hog Raising, fisheries
The total Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) share of the municipality of Sogod for the fiscal year of 2011 was PHP 64,821,215.00 and PHP 16,122,286.86 for the local-sourced revenues making the municipality as the second-largest income-maker and IRA in the entire province of Southern Leyte. Also, it is one of the largest in the entire island and being competitive to other neighboring municipalities like Abuyog, Albuera, Bato, Baybay, Dulag, Hilongos, Liloan, San Juan, and Maasin City. The municipality is one of the fastest growing economies in the southern portion of Leyte, as it is very evident until today because many people from other communities gather in the public market and in the major groceries (like Joaquin Yap and Sons Marketing, Inc. (JYSMI), PANELANS and the Antonio Palanca Remedios Aquino (APRA) Grocery) to meet their local necessities and to sell their products and produce. Fishes, meat, vegetables and rice are also abundant in the public market of Sogod because there are many consumers and they can afford to transfer their produce from their area to the market easily by well-maintained roads and infrastructure that leads to the poblacion.
A majority of the people living in the Pacific Coast and the Panaon Island choose Sogod as their choice because of its proximity and location than commuting to Maasin City due to its location, being the farthest area of trade. The municipality is also booming due to the heavy migration that the municipality has encountered, seeking a better future in the municipality.
Despite its economy, the town is facing a major face-lift, as the town undergoes construction of several buildings like banks, cooperatives, restaurants and a mall. Gaisano Capital Group, one of largest shopping mall chains in the country, opened its first constructed mall in the province one June 10, 2011 during the town fiesta and can be found at the corner between Benito Faelnar Circumferential Road and Bagares Street, Barangay Zone V.
Generally, rice is the staple food of the province of Southern Leyte. Rural folks, however, prefer root crops which is abundant in the place. Native delicacies of the municipality include tres marias, suman, bocarillo, salvaro, bibingka, dawa-dawa, ampaw, puto, biko, empanada, and starhoy.
Banking and finance
Banks and pawnshops are becoming the indicator of economic growth in the municipality. The town, since the mid-1990s, is experiencing the high economic rate and mass migration due to banking, making it as the center of trade and commerce in Southern Leyte. Nowadays, Sogod has established six banks and eight pawnshops and attracting people from other places.
Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing is small scale: charcoal (burnt coconut shells or uling), abaca products, ceramics, coconut oil, furniture making, hollow block making, and gravel and sand. Export products are copra, abaca, abaca handicrafts and fiber craft items.
As of 1992, the province of Southern Leyte's metallic reserves totaled 771,830 metric tons. All of the municipalities and one city in the province have mineral deposits including Sogod. The town has magnesite, gold, silver and copper deposits. However, Sogod's mountains are unexplored and the soil is not suitable for mining due to soft clay surface.
Except for blacksmithing, work is undertaken principally in the poblacion and in the barrios of Sogod, turning out working bolos, machete and steel fabrication of window grills and other household needs; metalwork for the past years changed but the old process in molding metals are still being used. The body repairs of vehicles are carried out by small metal shops, doubling as jack-of-all-trade. Metalwork is concerned with an accessory fabrication for pump boats that abound in the town's waters and building construction where steel had replaced the disappearing wood as housing material.
|Number of Schools|
Saint Thomas Aquinas College
|Pre-Elementary :||Public: 28
|Elementary :||Public: 28
|Secondary :||Public: 3
|Tertiary :||Public: 1
Recently, the municipality of Sogod is divided into two school districts. The school districts under the Department of Education (DepEd), oversee the implementation of programs and thrusts of the department. The School districts are consists of Sogod (Sogod Central School) as the center of the west district and Barangay Consolacion (Consolacion Elementary School) as the center of the east district. It is currently undergoing changes like the building of classrooms, the beautification of the schools, putting computers in the schools and etc., in order to achieve the goal: "Quality Education and Education for All". Secondary education is being provided by three National High Schools and a Catholic-run institution, which makes the municipality as a thriving centre for education in the north central part of the province. Tertiary Education is being affiliated by two institutions. One is being managed by the government and the other one is run by the Roman Catholic Clergy of Sogod.
|Name of School||Location|
|Benit Primary School||Barangay Benit|
|Buac Adventist Elementary School||Barangay Buac Gamay|
|Buac Elementary School||Barangay Buac Gamay|
|Cabadbaran Primary School||Barangay Cabadbaran|
|Concepcion Elementary School||Barangay Concepcion|
|Consolacion Elementary School||Barangay Salvacion|
|Dagsa Primary School||Barangay Dagsa|
|Grace Baptist School of Sogod (GCS)||Tranquilino Dagohoy Street, Barangay Zone I (Poblacion)|
|Hindangan Primary School||Barangay Hindangan|
|Hipantag Primary School||Barangay Hipantag|
|Kahupian Elementary School||Barangay Kahupian|
|Kanangkaan Elementary School||Barangay Kanangkaan|
|Kauswagan Primary School||Barangay Kauswagan|
|Libas Elementary School||Barangay Libas|
|Lum-an Primary School||Barangay Lum-an|
|Maac Elementary School||Barangay Maac|
|Magatas Elementary School||Barangay Magatas|
|Marianne Learning Center (Primary)||Barangay San Jose (Poblacion)|
|Merryhills Academy of Sogod (Primary)||Veloso Street, Barangay Rizal (Poblacion)|
|Milagroso Elementary School||Barangay Milagroso|
|Olisihan Elementary School||Barangay Olisihan|
|Our Lady of Consolation Kindergarten School||Barangay Consolacion|
|Pancho Villa Elementary School||Barangay Pancho Villa|
|Pandan – San Miguel Elementary School||Barangay San Miguel|
|Rizal Primary School||Barangay Rizal (Poblacion)|
|Royal Waldorf School||Jovencio Caday Street (formerly San Antonio Street), Barangay Zone I (Poblacion)|
|San Isidro Elementary School||Barangay San Isidro|
|San Juan Elementary School||Barangay San Juan|
|San Pedro Elementary School||Barangay San Pedro (Poblacion)|
|San Vicente Primary School||Barangay San Vicente|
|Sogod Adventist Multigrade School||Barangay Rizal (Poblacion)|
|Sogod Central School||Dela Plana Street, Barangay Zone I (Poblacion)|
|Sogod SPED School (SPED)||Dela Plana Street, Barangay Zone I (Poblacion)|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas College (STAC)||Concepcion Street, Barangay Zone IV (Poblacion)|
|Suba Elementary School||Barangay Suba|
|Name of School||Location|
|Consolacion National High School (CNHS)||Barangay Salvacion|
|Libas National High School (LNHS)||Barangay Libas|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas College (STAC)||Concepcion Street, Barangay Zone IV (Poblacion)|
|Sogod National High School (SNHS)||Dela Plana Street, Barangay Zone I (Poblacion)|
|Name of School/University||Location|
|Saint Thomas Aquinas College (STAC)||Concepcion Street, Barangay Zone IV (Poblacion)|
|Southern Leyte State University (SLSU) Main Campus||Barangay San Roque (Poblacion)|
The municipality of Sogod has one (1) government-owned hospital and three (3) private hospitals. Recently, the three hospitals (excluding the newly constructed Pudpud Surgical Hospital in Barangay San Miguel) had upgraded its equipment and rehabilitated its facilities. Doctors, mostly from Tacloban City, in the municipality are taking shifts and regular visits in these hospitals to meet the needs of the people. Nurses and midwives are available. However, the municipal rural health unit (RHU) is a recipient of the N.A.R.S project, a program that gives jobs to those nursing students who are unemployed. Nursing students from the schools in Sogod are practicing their profession in the hospitals that were assigned.
|Consuelo K. Tan Memorial Medical Center, Inc. (established in 1960)||Osmeña Street, Barangay Zone II (Poblacion)|
|Corrompido Specialty Hospital (established in 1960)||Leopoldo Regis Street, Barangay Zone V (Poblacion)|
|Pudpud Surgical Hospital||Barangay San Miguel, Sogod, Southern Leyte|
|Sogod District Hospital (created on June 18, 1960, through the provisions stated by the Republic Act No. 2693)||Osmeña Street, Barangay Zone I (Poblacion)|
Telephone systems are served by Bayan Telecommunications and Globe Telecom, covering the town of Sogod and nearby environs. Cellphone systems are also being improved in the town since its existence on 2001 with Smart Communications as the pioneer company to set foot on the town grounds by constructing cell towers. Later, Globe Telecom and Sun Cellular constructed cell sites for their expansion in Leyte.
The medium of transportation in the municipality is the potpot, a tricycle which carries nine to twelve passengers including the driver. But people in the far flung areas use the habal-habal, a hired motorcycle which carries less than eight persons including the driver. The potpots in Sogod has their assigned color scheme which indicates their area. There are three colored potpots which roam towards the entire vicinity of the municipality and other towns, which are Blue, Red and White. The Blue ones are assigned only on the poblacion (town proper) and in the barrios that is equidistant to the poblacion (Barangays Mabicay, Pandan, San Isidro and San Miguel in Sogod, and Barangays Casao and Santa Cruz in Bontoc). The white potpots are assigned westwards from Barangay Casao, to the town of Tomas Oppus. The red potpots are traversing eastwards from Barangay San Isidro to Barangays Buac Gamay, Consolacion and Maac. The fare ranges from PHP 6.00 to P10.00 in the entire poblacion and its environs in blue potpots; PHP 10.00 is minimum rate with PHP 1.00 for every succeeding barangay from Sogod to Barangay Maac in the red motorcabs; PHP 10.00 is the minimum rate from Sogod to Tomas Oppus in white motorcabs (potpot). In days without school, the rates are increased with P1.00 without further notice.
The habals-habals or single motorcycles are used as modes of transportation in carrying commuters and excess baggage to distant and mountainous areas in the municipality. Its area covers the barangays northwards from Barangay Suba (Crossing Sawong) to Barangay Kahupian and to Mahaplag; Barangay Suba (Crossing Sawong) to Barangay San Francisco; Barangays Magatas and Benit to Barangays Kauswagan and Hipantag; westwards from Barangays Milagroso, Santa Maria to Barangay Libas; Barangays Mabicay and Pangi to Barangays Libas, Ta-a, and Cabadbaran; Barangays Libas to Barangay Hilaan to Bontoc; Barangay Hilaan (Bontoc) to Barangay San Vicente (Bontoc); and on the east covers Barangays Buac Daku, Malinao and Maria Plana. There are no fixed rates in commuting habals-habals because it is not registered as transportation in Land Transportation Office (LTO). But the suggested fare is P15.00 to P50.00, depending on the distance of its destination. Like the potpots, the rates are increased when it comes to summer.
On traversing from Sogod to other places, there are plenty of vehicles that accommodate in Sogod because the town is the major terminus in the south central portion in Leyte Island. It is the vital link in connecting Visayas to Mindanao. The buses, jeepneys, and for hire vans terminate from Sogod to Maasin City, Ormoc City, Tacloban City, Bato-Hilongos, Liloan, Hinunangan and Silago. Fairs are organized by the Land Transportation Office (LTO).
This aqueduct provides a significant link to motorists traveling from Luzon to Mindanao. It straddles between two mountains and traverses along the Mahaplag-Sogod (south-central) section of the Pan-Philippine Highway. This engineering feat is by far the tallest column that the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) has constructed, aided by the Japan International Cooperation Agency. It involves the construction of a 350 linear meter bridge, with a mix of steel and concrete, supported by two piers from the ground and has a height of 292 feet above ground.
Residents said that the Agas-Agas section of the Pan-Philippine Highway in Southern Leyte is known for being prone to slides during heavy rains. Since it is situated in a mountainous area, it is regularly reported that movements of loose soil or landslides take place whenever it rains heavily, much more when typhoon strikes the province. Thus, the viaduct was constructed in 2006 primarily to help motorists avoid the mountainous sections that are prone to landslides and road slips and prevent life and property losses.
Seeing its high tourism potential the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), the executive department which is responsible for all safety of projects in the filed of public works and roads, submitted to the President Gloria Arroyo, a plan to turn the PHP 1 billion bridge into a haven for sports enthusiasts who are into bungee jumping, paramotor, downhill skateboarding and zipline rapelling and other extreme sports. Seeing the panoramic beauty of the mountains and rivers around it, then-President Arroyo had ordered that a bungee jumping platform be constructed along the bridge as well as other tourists amenities.
||This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (March 2013)|
Unfortunately, the municipality of Sogod lacks attention to the sites found in the town. There are falls, a lake and a cave system, beaches and hotels found in the town. Accommodations are plenty to choose from and are found at the vicinity of the poblacion.
The Pasanon Falls and River in Barangay Dagsa, Lum-an Falls in Barangay Lum-an, Lake Lanao and Springs in Barangay San Juan, Subangdaku River in Barangays Suba and San Miguel, man-made lake in Barangay Malinao, Labong Cave in Barangay Javier, Magapso Beach in Barangay Maac, Black Sand Beaches in Barangay Consolacion and Prima, Cabadoy and Palanca Pebble Beaches in Barangay San Jose are one of the few sites that the municipality can offer. But some of these sites are in ruins, endangered or rather unexplored by human activities.
In the fields of infrastructure and agro-tourism, the Agas-Agas Bridge is considered as the highest bridge in the Philippines. It stands 85 meters tall or 1,000 feet high and spans 300 meters connecting the Maharlika Highway. It is built so, because the area is prone to landslides and often many accidents occurred in this corridor with a deep ravine on its side. Today, the bridge carries sightseers to visit the area and the government have plans to make it as a tourist attraction. Some bridges like the Subangdaku Bridge is regarded as one of the longest bridges in the entire province and up to now another bridge is constructed to minimize the travel time for the commuters traveling along the arterial highways. Along the bridge, one can see a dam that controls the river current when bad weather occurs. Also, CTL Farms in Barangay Concepcion and La Caridad Farms in Barangay Buac Gamay offers wide array of beautiful flora and fauna. The farms also offer many activities, either you can go fishing or roam around and enjoy the fields of green by affordable prices.
Zip Southern Leyte
On April 11, 2011, the newly completed construction of the much-awaited zip line, an environment friendly tourist attraction, has now become an added feature of Agas-agas Bridge, the tallest bridge in the Philippines located in Sogod, Southern Leyte.
The zip line extreme sports facility is the typical Public Private Partnership (PPP) undertaking by the provincial government of Southern Leyte and a local investor, Edwin Sakdalan, who is based in Camp Sabros, Digos City, Provincial Tourism Officer Nedgar Garvez said to PIA. PPP is a priority project.
On the same occasion, the provincial government has also scheduled for the groundbreaking ceremony of the planned Provincial Pavilion at the vicinity of Agas-agas Bridge in Barangay Kahupian, Sogod, he said.
The Southern Leyte Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SLCCI) has identified the construction of zip line among the four tourism hubs, namely, the Canopy Walk in the virgin forests of Silago, dive sites of San Francisco and Padre Burgos and the Maasin City Zoo and Danao Forest Park in Maasin City.
Cainting Cave and Falls
||This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (March 2013)|
A hidden cave has recently been discovered by foreign visitors who enjoyed its long bushy trail complete with leeches down wet crossings.
Former Mayor Edmund Villa shared a rather unlikely advice from the very people who had trekked the site: don't touch anything there.
The foreigners stressed that the natural ways of going to the covered hideaway be left as it is, including the leeches, to underscore nature at its best, former mayor Villa said, quoting his visitors.
He described the site as the meeting point of three rivers, a scenic junction which developed into a natural pool deep into the jungle in what remains as Sogod's lush forests- an imposing sight to behold.
The blissful area can be reached after a three kilometer walk from the road proper - virtually just a short distance, but surely a bloody one if any unsuspecting intruder is not careful enough for blood-sucking "limatok", the presence of which added yet another twisting thrill and adventure to the trip. The cave, matched with a cascading falls, has not yet been fully explored inside.
The advice on not to touch anything at a natural resort was a basic principle in eco-tourism, where the natural environment would be preserved for all its inherent beauty, wonders and surprises.
The cave is in Barangay San Francisco Mabuhay, a barangay found in the mountainous area of the municipality, is accessible by a rough road leading to Sitio Kabernal (part of Barangay Kahupian, Sitio Silao Bato (part of Barangay Kahupian) and Sitio Hagna (part of Barangay San Francisco Mabuhay) through habal-habal (single tricycles). The cave, however, is equidistant to the Agas-Agas Bridge, the municipal cattle farms, and the zipline.
Besides, it helps when any tourists attraction is not meticulously planned, after all, to make for a spontaneous hike or climb from interested nature lovers and less development expense, too, on the part of the local government.
There are two radio stations operating in Sogod: Radyo ng Bayan Sogod (DYSL-FM 104.7), a branch of the Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS), and the Radyo Natin Sogod (DYSC 101.1 FM), one of the radio stations owned by Radyo Natin Network.
Two provincial newspapers are circulating in the town, these are the Southern Leyte Times (English) and the Southern Leyte Balita (Cebuano). The newspapers are based in the capital city of Maasin and gives accurate and constructive news in the province of Southern Leyte and Leyte. National newspapers such as the Philippine Daily Inquirer, The Philippine Star and the Manila Bulletin have reached the town before the establishment of provincial newspaper companies.
The Sogod Cable TV, owned by Congressman Roger G. Mercado, provides forty (40) to fifty (50) channels with affordable payment for every month. Recently, the cable television upgraded its facilities expanded their services eastward, providing excellent receptions from the barrio folks. Also, Dream Satellite TV and Cignal Digital TV are operating in the town and in other places in the province.
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- Inercar Paper
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sogod, Southern Leyte.|
- Sogod Official Website
- 2007 National Satistical Coordination Board
- Southern Leyte Official Website
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Inopacan, Leyte||Mahaplag, Leyte||Silago|