Sohan Halwa

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Sohan Halwa
Sohan Halwa.JPG
Sohan Halwa traditionally made as circular discs
Alternative names Sohan Halwa, Sowhan, Sohan
Course Dessert
Place of origin Ancient Persia
Region or state Punjab Delhi Multan
Creator Unknown Persians
Main ingredients cornflour, sugar, milk, water
Variations Almonds
Other information Halva
Cookbook:Sohan Halwa  Sohan Halwa

Sohan Halwa ( Persian:سوهان حلوا Urdu سوہن حلوہ ; [ˈsoːɦən ˈɦəlʋaː]) is a traditional sweet in Iran and Pakistan. It is a specialty of the cities of Karachi and southern region of Pakistani Punjab including Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan.[1][2]

It is made by boiling a mixture of water, sugar, milk and cornflour until it becomes solid. Saffron is used for flavoring. Ghee is used to prevent it from sticking to the pan. Almonds, pistachios and cardamom seeds are added.

History[edit]

[[File:Sohan Halwa at Ghantewala in Chandni Chowk, Delhi.jpg|thumb|135px|left|Sohan Halwa (top shelf) and other traditional Pakistani sweets. It has its root in ancient Persia, hence no precise origin can be confirmed.

According to the Hafiz Halwa shop in Multan, Pakistan, sohan halwa originates from Dewan Sawan Mal, the ruler of Multan in 1750.[3]

S. Abdul Khaliq states that this halwa was introduced by their ancestors in the sub-continent in the early 1500s when Mughal emperor Humayun (r. 1530–1540, 1555–1556) returned to power in India after exile in Persia. He called for the makers of this halwa from Persia and the ancestors of modern day S. Abdul Khaliq were the official halwa makers for the Mughal rulers for 300 years. S. Abdul Khaliq also have the term, "Shahi Halwa Sohan Merchants" as part of their branding.

Hafiz ka Multani Halwa shop said that they founded in 1930 in Multan, Hafiz ka Multani Sohan Halwa was started by Hafiz Ahmed Din in his pursuit of perfection and a complete and total passion for producing only the finest and most healthful Halwa ever made in the sub-continent. Hafiz Halwa is the only Sweet which has received two American Quality Awards due to its Quality & standard maintenance. [4]

In Old Delhi, the Ghantewala sweet shop established during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, (r. 1759 - 1806) in 1790, now makes Sohan Halwa, and remains a popular visitors attraction.[5][6]

Commercial production[edit]

Sohan has been commercially produced by traditional confectioners for decades. It is brittle and caramel in color. It is usually made into disks of 5–6 mm (0.20–0.24 in) thickness or as square bite-size pieces. It is usually packaged in intricately designed tin cylinders. In recent years other packages have also been common.[7]

Best quality Sowhan could be found in Iran, specially in the city of Qom.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rumi (2013)
  2. ^ "Sohan Halwa a gift of saints’ city". Dawn.com. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.hafizhalwa.com Hafiz Ka Multani Sohan Halwa
  4. ^ http://www.hafizhalwa.com/home/
  5. ^ Ghantewala in Delhi Lonely Planet
  6. ^ The royal treat in Chandni Chowk The Hindu, November 7, 2002.[dead link]
  7. ^ Ramazani, Nesta (1997). Persian Cooking: A Table Of Exotic Delights. Ibex Publishers, Inc. p. 296. ISBN 978-0-936347-77-6. 

Further reading[edit]