Soil management

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Soil management concerns all operations, practices, and treatments used to protect soil and enhance its performance.

Practices[edit]

Soil management practices that affect soil quality:[1]

  • Controlling traffic on the soil surface helps to reduce soil compaction, which can reduce aeration and water infiltration.
  • Cover crops keep the soil anchored and covered in off-seasons so that the soil is not eroded by wind and rain.
  • Crop rotations[2] for row crops alternate high-residue crops with lower-residue crops to increase the amount of plant material left on the surface of the soil during the year to protect the soil from erosion.
  • Nutrient management can help to improve the fertility of the soil and the amount of organic matter content, which improves soil structure and function.
  • Tillage, especially reduced-tillage or no-till operations limit the amount of soil disturbance while cultivating a new crop, and help to maintain plant residues on the surface of the soil for erosion protection and water retention.[clarification needed]

Advantages of soil management[edit]

  • Maintain soil fertility
  • Restore soil fertility
  • Make the agricultural process an economic one
  • Help increase yield

References[edit]

External links[edit]