From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Soil management concerns all operations, practices, and treatments used to protect soil and enhance its performance.
- Controlling traffic on the soil surface helps to reduce soil compaction, which can reduce aeration and water infiltration.
- Cover crops keep the soil anchored and covered in off-seasons so that the soil is not eroded by wind and rain.
- Crop rotations for row crops alternate high-residue crops with lower-residue crops to increase the amount of plant material left on the surface of the soil during the year to protect the soil from erosion.
- Nutrient management can help to improve the fertility of the soil and the amount of organic matter content, which improves soil structure and function.
- Tillage, especially reduced-tillage or no-till operations limit the amount of soil disturbance while cultivating a new crop, and help to maintain plant residues on the surface of the soil for erosion protection and water retention.[clarification needed]
Advantages of soil management
- Maintain soil fertility
- Restore soil fertility
- Make the agricultural process an economic one
- Help increase yield
- Soil (contains management articles)
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