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Sokol plant (Russian: Авиастроительный завод «Сокол» , Aviastroitelny zavod Sokol, i.e. 'Sokol Aircraft-Building Plant') is a manufacturer of MiG fighters, based in Nizhny Novgorod. It was founded n 1932 and is also known as "Aviation Plant 21", named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze. During 45 years of serial production the plant manufactured about 13,500 combat aircraft.
The company is headquartered in Nizhny Novgorod. Their main production facility, with the adjacent airfield (known in the west as Sormovo Airfield) is located on the western outskirts of the city, in Moskovsky City District. For a long time it was considered that district's most important industrial enterprise and main employer. The "Sormovo" appellation attached to the plant's air field may be because formerly (1956–1970) today's Moskovsky District was part of the Sormovo District.
To help financing, Sokol diversified after the Cold War and during the financially desperate 1990s in Russia. Hardly anybody ordered new fighter jets, so Sokol even produced cutlery to become less dependent of the aviation sector. From 2006, Sokol allowed paying tourist for MiG-29 and MiG-31 flights to achieve some additional income.
The Sokol company is seen as the future manufacturer of MiG-35 jets.
List of production aircraft
- Polikarpov I-5 (1932..1934), I-16, (since 1934, 22 modifications)
- Lavochkin LaGG-3, La-5, La-7, La-15 (1948..1949)
- Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (1949..1952), MiG-17 (1952..1954), MiG-19 (1955..1957), MiG-21 (since 1959), MiG-25 (1969..1985), MiG-31 (since 1979), MiG-29UB (since 1984), MiG-21-93, MiG-29UBT, MiG-31BM
- Yakovlev Yak-130 (development 1996, production 2009)
- Myasishchev M-101T Gzhel/Sokol
- Akkord-201 light twin aircraft
- Sokol sea cutter
- Volga-2 WIG aircraft