Solanoideae

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Solanoideae
Starr 080603-5625 Solanum nelsonii.jpg
Solanum nelsonii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribes

Solanoideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Solanaceae, and is sister to the subfamily Nicotianoideae. Within Solanaceae, Solanoideae contains some of the most economically important genera and species, such as the tomato (Solanum lycopersicon), potato (Solanum tuberosum), eggplant (Solanum melongena), chili peppers (Capsicum spp.), mandrakes (Mandragora spp.), and Jimson Weed (Datura stramonium).

This subfamily consists of several well-established tribes: Capsiceae, Datureae, Hyoscyameae, Juanulloeae, Lycieae, Nicandreae, Nolaneae, Physaleae, Solandreae, and Solaneae.[1] The subfamily also contains the contended tribes Mandragoreae and Jaboroseae.

Tribal Relationships[edit]

The relationship between the tribes has recently been well described. Nicandreae is the most basal tribe of the family, placing sister to the other 9 (or by some counts 11)[2] tribes. Datureae lies sister to Nicandreae, Physaleae, Capsiceae, and Solaneae. Solaneae + (Physaleae + Capsiceae) form a well-supported monophyletic group, but the exact branching within the clade remains unclear.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Martins, Talline R.; Todd J. Barkman (2005). "Reconstruction of Solanaceae Phylogeny Using the Nuclear Gene SAMT". Systematic Biology 30 (2): 435–447. doi:10.1600/0363644054223675. 
  2. ^ Knapp, S. (October 2002). "Tobacco to tomatoes: a phylogenetic perspective on fruit diversity in the Solanaceae". Journal of Experimental Botany 53 (377): 2001–2022. doi:10.1093/jxb/erf068. PMID 12324525. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Solanoideae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Solanoideae at Wikispecies