Solanum bahamense

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This article is about the Solanum bahamense described by Carl Linnaeus. "Solanum persicifolium" and "Solanum racemosum" redirect here. These names have been used for other species too; see text for details.
Bahama Nightshade
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. bahamense
Binomial name
Solanum bahamense

Solanum bahamense (Bahama nightshade) is a plant species in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. It is also known as canker berry, and locally as berengena de playa.

Originally described by Carl Linnaeus, it has a convoluted taxonomic history. S. bahamense is known by many junior synonyms and involved in several cases of homonymy.[1]

S. bahamense as described by Peter Forsskål refers to S. glabratum. The S. bahamense of Philip Miller is S. donianum.[1]

Synonyms of the original S. bahamense are:[1]

  • Solanum anacanthum Dunal
  • Solanum cestrifolium Willd. ex Dunal (nomen nudum?)
  • Solanum cestrophyllum Dunal
  • Solanum fruticosum Mill.
  • Solanum igneum L.
  • Solanum igneum var. inerme Dunal
  • Solanum igneum var. parvifolium Vahl
Not to be confused with S. parvifolium.
  • Solanum lanceifolium Salisb. (non Jacq.: preoccupied)
S. lanceifolium of Sessé & Mociño is S. umbellatum as described by Philip Miller.
S. lanceifolium var. sagraenum is S. glaucescens of Zuccarini.
S. lanceifolium var. scabrum and var. volubile are S. volubile of Olof Swartz.
  • Solanum molle Bertero ex Dunal (non Dunal: preoccupied)
S. molle of Dunal is S. monachophyllum.
  • Solanum persicifolium Dunal
S. persicifolium of Mart. is S. amygdalifolium.
  • Solanum persicifolium var. angustifolium Dunal
  • Solanum persicifolium var. belloi O.E.Schulz
  • Solanum persicifolium var. parvifolium (Vahl) O.E.Schulz
  • Solanum racemosum Jacq.
S. racemosum of Noronha is S. violaceum of Ortega.
S. racemosum of Mill. is S. erianthum.
  • Solanum racemosum var. igneum (L.) O.E.Schulz
  • Solanum ramosum Lam.
  • Solanum subarmatum Willd.
  • Solanum torvum var.? persicifolium (Dunal) M.Gómez
S. torvum as described by Olof Swartz is a valid species, of which numerous other Solanum were also considered to belong (see article for details).
  • Solanum umbrosum Balb. ex Dunal (non Dunal: preoccupied)
  • Solanum umbrosum Bertero ex Dunal (non Dunal: preoccupied)
S. umbrosum of Vahl based on Dunal in de Candolle is S. anomalum.
S. umbrosum of Dunal is S. lanceifolium of von Jacquin.
  • Solanum varginstonicum Buc'hoz

Some additional varieties of S. bahamense have been described, but they are not considered taxonomically distinct today:[1]

  • Solanum bahamense var. inerme Dunal
  • Solanum bahamense var. lanceolatum Griseb.
Not to be confused with the S. lanceolatum of Cavanilles.
  • Solanum bahamense var. luxurians D'Arcy
  • Solanum bahamense var. rugelii D'Arcy
  • Solanum bahamense var. subarmatum (Willd.) O.E.Schulz


  1. ^ a b c d Solanaceae Source (2008). "Solanum bahamense". Retrieved September 26, 2008.