Solanum brevicaule

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Solanum brevicaule
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. brevicaule
Binomial name
Solanum brevicaule
Bitter, 1912

Solanum brevicaule is a tuberous perennial of the Solanaceae family. The species is native to South America (Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru). It is related to the potato, but unlike the potato which is tetraploid, it has several levels of ploidy: diploid, tetraploid, and hexaploid.

This species gives its name to the "Solanum brevicaule complex" which includes about twenty species of morphologically close wild potato species distributed between central Peru and northern Argentina, and are considered by some taxonomists to be the ancestors of the traditional varieties of potatoes grown in the Andean regions.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Spooner. "Roadmaps to the origins of potato". International Year of the Potato 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2011.