|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2009)|
|Nickname(s): Siddeshwar Nagari|
|• Body||Greater Municipal corporation|
|• Mayor||Sushilatai Abute|
|Elevation||457 m (1,499 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH-13 (Solapur city)
MH-45 (Solapur(Akluj) rural district)
|Sex ratio||52/48 ♂/♀|
Solapur ( pronunciation (help·info)) is the largest city in indian state of Maharashtra and 4th-largest in Maharashtra. It lies on the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka. It is 2 TIER city classified as B-1 by HRA classification. It is 30th-most-populous city in India and 43rd-largest urban agglomeration.
Solapur has speakers of Marathi, Kannada, Telugu and Hindi with multilingual features. Solapur is the fourth-largest district in Maharashtra in terms of land area, and seventh-largest in terms of population. The district shares its borders with the southern Indian state of Karnataka.
Solapuri chadars and towels are world-famous. It has been a leading center for cotton mills and power looms in India. Solapur had the world's second-largest and Asia's largest spinning mill.
The chief deity of the city is Shri Siddheshwar. The "Nandidhwaj" procession on Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 January. An annual fair locally known as 'Gadda Yatra' attracts large crowds. Solapur municipal corporation extended its area up to 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi) by merging its suburbs.
- 1 Etymology and history
- 2 Toponomy
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Geography and climate
- 5 Civic administration
- 6 Education
- 7 Economy
- 8 Environment
- 9 Transport
- 10 Natives and residents
- 11 Gallery
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Etymology and history
The Solapur District was ruled by various dynesties such as Andhrabhratyas, Chalukyas, Rashtrkutas, Yadavas and Bahamanis. 'Solapur' spelled in (Hindi: सोलापूर)(Marathi: सोलापूर) is believed to be derived from the combination of two Hindi words: 'Sola (Hindi: सोला)' meaning "Sixteen" and 'pur (Hindi: पूर)' meaning "Village".The present city of Solapur was considered to be spread over sixteen villages viz. Aadilpur, Ahmedpur, Chapaldev, Fatehpur, Jamdarwadi, Kalajapur, Khadarpur,Khandervkiwadi, Muhammadpur, Ranapur, Sandalpur, Shaikpur, Solapur, Sonalagi, Sonapur and Vaidakwadi.Recent research work however shows that the name SOLAPUR is derived not from the congregation of sixteen villages. It is evident from the inscriptions of Shivayogi Shri.Siddheshwar of the time of the Kalachuristis of Kalyani, that the town was called 'Sonnalage' which came to be pronounced as 'Sonnalagi'. The town was known as Sonnalagi even up to the times of Yadavas. A Sanskrit inscription dated Shake 1238, after the downfall of the Yadavas found at Kamati in Mohol shows that the town was known as Sonalipur. One of the inscriptions found in Solapur fort shows that the town was called Sonalpur while another inscription on the well in the fort shows that it was known as Sandalpur. During the Muslim period, the town was known as Sandalpur. It is therefore most probably that that during the course of time the name Solapur was evolved by dropping 'na' from the name Sonalpur. Subsequently the British rulers pronounced Solapur as Sholapur and hence the name of the district.The present Solapur district was previously part of Ahmednagar, Pune and Satara districts. In 1838 it became the Sub-district of Ahmednagar. It included Barshi, Mohol, Madha, Karmala, Indi, Hippargi and Muddebihal Sub-divisions. In 1864 this Sub-district was abolished. In 1871 this district was reformed joining the Sub-divisions viz. Solapur, Barshi, Mohol, Madha and Karmala and two Subdivisions of Satara district viz. Pandharpur, Sangola and in 1875 Malshiras Sub-division was also attached. After the State reorganisation in 1956 Solapur was included in Mumbai State and it became a full-fledged district of Maharashtra State in 1960.
The Solapur Municipal Council was the first municipal council of India to hoist the national flag on the Municipal Council building in 1930. The municipal co-operation building was built by Mallappa Warad. He was also one of the first ones to bring the farming tractor in India. It was his wish that the building should be used for some public purpose and thus the building was made the municipal council. The building is also called 'Indrabhavan' which means Adobe of Indra. Mallappa Warad was also one of the ten members of 'Chamber of Merchants' under Queen Victoria.
Taking the spirit of Dandi March from Mahatma Gandhi, the freedom fighters of solapur hoisted the National Flag on 6 April 1930 on the Municipal Council building. This was the first and the unique incidence of such kind throughout the country.
During the Indian independence movement, the people of Solapur enjoyed full freedom on 9–11 May 1930. However, this resulted in the executions of Mallappa Dhanshetti, Abdul Rasool Qurban Hussein, Jagannath Bhagwan Shinde and Shrikisan Laxminarayan Sarada, who were hanged on 12 January 1931, in the prison at Pune. This resulted in the city becoming recognised as "The City of Hutatmas".
Inscriptions of Shivayogi Shri. Siddheshwar of the time of the Kalachuris of Kalyani (Basavakalyan) suggest that the town was called "Sonnalage" which came to be pronounced as "Sonnalagi". A Sanskrit inscription dated Shake 1238, after the downfall of the Yadavas found at Kamati in Mohol shows that the town was known as Sonalipur. One of the inscriptions found in Solapur fort shows that the town was called Sonalpur, It was the main commercial hub of the Devagiri Yadavas and an important trading city.The town was known as Sonnalagi even up to the times of the Yadavas of Devagiri.
Solapur has a Marathi-speaking majority followed by sub-major Kannada, Telugu. Its literacy is 85%, with 86% males and 80% females.
Geography and climate
|Climate data for Solapur|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.9
|Average low °C (°F)||16.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||2.2
Gulbarga district (Karnataka state) on the southeast and south; Bijapur District (Karnataka State), Sangli district on the south and southwest; Satara district on the west, and Pune district on the northwest. It is situated at a distance of 410 km (250 mi) from the Maharashtra State Capital of Mumbai by road and train.
Solapur falls under the category of dry (arid and semiarid) climate according to the Köppen climate classification. The city experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 40 °C (86 to 104 °F). The warmest months in Solapur are April and May. The typical maximum temperatures being 40 °C (104 °F) or more. The highest temperature ever recorded is 48 °C (118 °F) in April 1988. Although summer does not end until May or even the midst of June, the city often receives locally developed heavy thundershowers in May (although humidity remains high). The monsoon lasts from June to the end of September, with moderate rainfall. The city of Solapur receives an average rainfall of 545 mm (21.5 in) per year. Winter begins in November and lasts until the end of February, with the temperatures occasionally dropping below 10 °C (50 °F). Solapur lies very close to the seismically active zone around Killari (Dist. Latur), about 100 km (62 mi) east of the city.
The civic administration of the city is managed by the Solapur Municipal corporation, which was established on 1 May 1964 in the building constructed by Mallappa Warad in 1930. The corporation oversees the engineering works, health, sanitation, water supply, administration and taxation in the city. It is headed by a Mayor who is assisted by Municipal Commissioner and elected representatives. The city is divided into 125 wards and 6 zones. The corporation members also known as corporators are elected by the citizens of Solapur every five years. The corporators in turn elect the Mayor. Its activities include developing new layouts and roads, town-planning and land-acquisition. The electrical supply to the city is managed by the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited.
The colleges and the institutes in center of Shivaji University (Kolhapur) at Solapur was functioning with the three departments Polymer Chemistry, Applied Physics/ Electronics and Geology with the masters courses and M. Phil, PhD research in these areas. The center was located on the old campus of Dr. V. M. Government Medical College that was later on relocated to Police Golibar Maidan. The center was transformed to the university to serve the students of Solapur district and was formally inaugurated on 3 August 2004.
Solapur is home to 14 engineering, 2 medical colleges and 1 dental college; it also has another 40 colleges in the city extent.
Solapur has a Science Centre, which is a Science Museum and is the third in the state after Nehru Science Centre, Worli, Mumbai and Raman Science Centre, Nagpur. The Science Centre is located at Hiraj Road, Near Solapur University beside the Pune-Solapur National Highway. The Centre works with the motto of propagating science to the masses. Night sky observation through telescopes is one of the many programmes of the Centre.
Solapur is located on an important junction of the North–South railway line, a good base for its industries for logistical reasons, with approximately 98 medium and 8,986 smaller industries. Solapur is one of the leading centres for handlooms, power looms and cotton mills.
An important tourist destination is Siddeshwar Temple, the abode of Siddheshwar(Siddhrameshwara) built in the 16th century. It attracts 3.5 million pilgrims yearly. Solapur is also famous for its Markandeya Temple built in 1893, the Venkateshwara Temple built in 1970, and the Rupa Bhavani temple built in the 19th century, Shri Shankar Temple. Solapur has a Bhui (land based) fort in the city centre.
Shrine of Hazrat Saiful Mulk Chisti (rehmatullahe aleh)Hydra Sharif located at Tal, Akkalkot, Dist.Solapur Dating back to 555 A.D.
Shrine of Hazrat Shaikh Nooruddin Chishi (rehmatullahe aleh)located at Akkalkot Dist., Solapur. Its dedicated to a Muslim saint Hazrat Nooruddin. Pilgrims visit this holy place from all around India every year for a Festive of the said saint.
Hazarat Shah Zahur Dargah - Hazarat Shah Zahur Dargah is located at heart of city. It is dedicated to Hazarat Shah, a Muslim saint who had performed several miracles.It is dating back to 560A.D. A festival is held here on 10th, 11th and 12th of the Muslim month Safar every year.
Pandharpur is a holy place of Shri.Vitthal and Shri.Rukmini. It is also known as the Southern Kashi of India and Kuldaivat of Maharashtra State. It is located at a distance of 72 km by road. from Solapur District headquarters.
Solapur has 3 radio channels; Big FM, Radio City and Solapur FM.Newspapers: "Sanchar", Saakal, Lokmat, Punya Nagari, Keshari,Pudhari, Divya Marathi and by English daily papers from Pune (Times of India, Indian Express).
Ranji Cricket Tournaments are played on Indira Gandhi Stadium.
Solapur is one of the most-polluted cities in India, as many vehicles are run on diesel fuel. It also generates tremendous smog emitted by factories and sugar factories and heavy textiles industries in the city's suburb. Various efforts are being made by MNC to reduce pollution and environmental effects. The city has launched a GO-GREEN scheme by planting trees in the city and developing greenery.
Solapur railway station is the main hub within the city. The Solapur Railway Division is an important division connecting South India to Western & North west India. Trains from Ahmedabad, Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai, Pune etc., ply to Southern states (Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu & Kerala) via Solapur.
It is served daily by Solapur Banglore express, Solapur Nagpur, Solapur Pune Hutatma Express, Solapur Mumbai, Solapur Jaipur Superfast express and Solapur Goa Express.
Solapur is well-connected by road with major cities of Maharashtra as well as the adjoining State Capital of Hyderabad and important cities in Karnataka by four National Highways – NH 9 highway connecting Pune with Vijaywada via Hyderabad, NH-13 connecting Solapur to Mangalore, Karnataka and NH-211 connecting Solapur to Dhule. Ratnagiri-Nagpur National highway NH-204 passes through city, connecting Solapur to other important cities in Maharashtra like Nagpur, Sangli, Kolhapur and Nanded.Recently sanctioned National Highways- Solapur - Gulbarga and Ratnagiri-Solapur-Nagpur.
Natives and residents
- Walchand Hirachand, Indian industrialist and founder of Walchand group
- Dwarkanath Kotnis, among the physicians dispatched to China to provide medical assistance during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938.
- Jabbar Patel, movieman and director of movies like Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Jait Re Jait, Umbartha and plays like Ghanshiram Kotwal
- Shashikala, actress in Marathi and Hindi Movies
- M. F. Hussain, famous painter
- Vandana Shanbagh, Arjun award winner athlete, she represented India at 1988 Olympics
- Atul Kulkarni, film actor
- Salil Ankola, member of Indian Cricket Team in 1996 world Cup, Hindi Film actor
- Polly Umrigar, one of the all time greats of Indian cricket.
- Sushilkumar Shinde, Former Home Minister
- Anagha Deshpande, Indian Women Cricket player
- "Demography" (PDF). solapur.gov.in. 2013. Retrieved June 2014.
- "Solapur History. Government of Maharashtra". Retrieved 25 June 2009.
- "Solarpur District at a Glance" (PDF). solapur.gov.in. 2013. Retrieved June 2014.
- Solapur Corporation. Solapur corporation. Retrieved on 5 June 2011.
- Sholapur Airport (SSE) Details – India. World-airport-codes.com. Retrieved on 5 June 2011.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Sholapur.|