Gemasolar Thermosolar Plant

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Gemasolar
Gemasolar Thermosolar Plant is located in Spain
Gemasolar Thermosolar Plant
Location of Gemasolar
Country Spain
Location Fuentes de Andalucía, Sevilla
Coordinates 37°33′29.11″N 5°19′44.6″W / 37.5580861°N 5.329056°W / 37.5580861; -5.329056Coordinates: 37°33′29.11″N 5°19′44.6″W / 37.5580861°N 5.329056°W / 37.5580861; -5.329056
Status Operational
Commission date May 2011
Owner(s) Torresol Energy
Solar farm
Type CSP
CSP technology Solar power tower
Heliostats 2,650
Power generation
Nameplate capacity 19.9 MW
Annual generation 110 GW·h

Gemasolar is a concentrated solar power plant with a molten salt heat storage system.[1] It is located within the city limits of Fuentes de Andalucía in the province of Seville, Spain.[2]

Design and specifications[edit]

The plant is of the solar power tower type CSP and uses concepts pioneered in the Solar One and Solar Two demonstration projects, using molten salt as its heat transfer fluid and energy storage medium. Originally called Solar Tres, it was renamed Gemasolar.[3]

The project, which has received a subsidy of five million Euros from the European Commission and a loan of 80 million Euros from the European Investment Bank, makes use of the Solar Two technology tested in Barstow, California, but is approximately three times the size. It makes use of several advances in technology after Solar Two was designed and built.

Gemasolar is the first commercial solar plant with central tower receiver and molten salt heat storage technology. It consists of a 30.5 hectares (75 acres) solar heliostat aperture area with a power island and 2,650 heliostats, each with a 120 square metres (1,300 sq ft) aperture area and distributed in concentric rings around the 140 metres (460 ft) high tower receiver. The total land use of the Heliostats is 195 hectares (480 acres)[4]

The most innovative aspects of the plant, which belongs to the company Torresol Energy, are its molten salt receiver, its heliostats aiming system and its control system. In addition, its storage system allows it to produce electricity for 15 hours without sunlight (at night or on cloudy days). This storage capacity makes its solar power manageable so that it can be supplied based on demand. The plant has already been able to supply a full day[5] of uninterrupted power supply to the grid, using thermal transfer technology developed by SENER.

Gemasolar, with its 19.9 MW of power, can supply 110 GWh per year — enough to supply power to 27,500 homes. The plant has been operational since May 2011. Its official launch was held in October 2011.[6]

Performance[edit]

After the second year of operation the plant has exceeded projected expectations. In the summer of 2013, the plant has achieved continuous production, operating 24 hours per day for 36 consecutive days, a result which no other solar plant has attained so far. Total operation is 6,450 hours at full capacity per year, displacing about 30,000 tons of CO2 emissions per year.[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Torresol’s landmark Gemasolar CSP solar plant is officially commissioned". International Resource Journal. 24 May 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  2. ^ NREL CSP Technology Workshop: Solar Tres, SENER Ingeniería y Sistemas, S.A., 2007-03-07, accessed 2007-05-31
  3. ^ CSP: Concentrated Solar Power
  4. ^ "Gemasolar Thermosolar Plant". Concentrating Solar Power Projects. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE). 24 October 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Gemasolar, energía non stop Spanish 26 October 2011
  6. ^ Gemasolar: how it works
  7. ^ "Gemasolar celebrates its second anniversary with an excellent operational record". Torresol Energy. 3 October 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.