Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020

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Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020
SE2020Dec14T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.2939
Magnitude 1.0254
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 10s
Coordinates 40.3S 67.9W
Max. width of band 90 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 16:14:39
References
Saros 142 (23 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9554

A total solar eclipse will occur on December 14, 2020. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Images[edit]

SE2020Dec14T.gif
Animated path

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 2018-2021[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the moon's orbit.

Note: Partial solar eclipses on February 15, 2018, and August 11, 2018, occur on the previous lunar year eclipse set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2018–2021
Ascending node   Descending node
117 July 13, 2018
SE2018Jul13P.png
Partial
122 January 6, 2019
SE2019Jan06P.png
Partial
127 July 2, 2019
SE2019Jul02T.png
Total
132 December 26, 2019
SE2019Dec26A.png
Annular
137 June 21, 2020
SE2020Jun21A.png
Annular
142 December 14, 2020
SE2020Dec14T.png
Total
147 June 10, 2021
SE2021Jun10A.png
Annular
152 December 4, 2021
SE2021Dec04T.png
Total

Saros 142[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 142, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on April 17, 1624. It contains one hybrid eclipse on July 14, 1768, and total eclipses from July 25, 1786 through October 29, 2543. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on June 5, 2904. The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes, 34 seconds on May 28, 2291.[1]

Series members 17-27 occur between 1901 and 2100:

17 18 19
SE1912Oct10T.png
October 10, 1912
SE1930Oct21T.png
October 21, 1930
SE1948Nov01T.png
November 1, 1948
20 21 22
SE1966Nov12T.png
November 12, 1966
SE1984Nov22T.png
November 22, 1984
SE2002Dec04T.png
December 4, 2002
23 24 25
SE2020Dec14T.png
December 14, 2020
SE2038Dec26T.png
December 26, 2038
SE2057Jan05T.png
January 5, 2057
26 27
SE2075Jan16T.png
January 16, 2075
SE2093Jan27T.png
January 27, 2093

Metonic cycle[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

Notes[edit]

References[edit]