Solar eclipse of December 4, 2002

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Solar eclipse of December 4, 2002
Eclipse 4-12-2002 Woomera.jpg
The diamond ring effect at end of totality, taken from near Woomera, South Australia
SE2002Dec04T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.302
Magnitude 1.0244
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 4s
Coordinates 39.5S 59.6E
Max. width of band 87 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 7:32:16
References
Saros 142 (22 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9514

A total solar eclipse took place on December 4, 2002 with a magnitude of 1.0244. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

It was visible from a narrow corridor in southern Africa, the Indian Ocean and southern Australia. A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including most of Africa and Australia. During the sunset after the eclipse many observers in Australia saw numerous and unusual forms of a green flash.[1]

In some parts of Angola it was the second total eclipse of the Sun within 18 months, following the Solar eclipse of June 21, 2001.

Images[edit]

SE2002Dec04T.gif

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses 2000-2003[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Note: Partial solar eclipses on February 5, 2000 and July 31, 2000 occur in the previous lunar year set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2000–2003
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
117 July 1, 2000
SE2000Jul01P.png
Partial (south)
122 December 25, 2000
SE2000Dec25P.png
Partial (north)
127
Williams College wl.jpg
Totality from Zambia
June 21, 2001
SE2001Jun21T.png
Total
132
Partial solar eclipse December 14 2001 Minneapolis.jpg
Partial from Minneapolis, MN
December 14, 2001
SE2001Dec14A.png
Annular
137
Gregmote - 20020610 002 (by).jpg
Partial Los Angeles, CA
June 10, 2002
SE2002Jun10A.png
Annular
142 December 4, 2002
SE2002Dec04T.png
Total
147
Eclipse--31-05-2003-3.jpg
Partial from Belfort
May 31, 2003
SE2003May31A.png
Annular
152 November 23, 2003
SE2003Nov23T.png
Total

Saros 142[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 142, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on April 17, 1624. It contains one hybrid eclipse on July 14, 1768, and total eclipses from July 25, 1786 through October 29, 2543. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on June 5, 2904. The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes, 34 seconds on May 28, 2291.[2]

Series members 17-27 occur between 1901 and 2100:

17 18 19
SE1912Oct10T.png
October 10, 1912
SE1930Oct21T.png
October 21, 1930
SE1948Nov01T.png
November 1, 1948
20 21 22
SE1966Nov12T.png
November 12, 1966
SE1984Nov22T.png
November 22, 1984
SE2002Dec04T.png
December 4, 2002
23 24 25
SE2020Dec14T.png
December 14, 2020
SE2038Dec26T.png
December 26, 2038
SE2057Jan05T.png
January 5, 2057
26 27
SE2075Jan16T.png
January 16, 2075
SE2093Jan27T.png
January 27, 2093

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 21 eclipse events between July 11, 1953 and July 11, 2029.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Photos: