Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954
SE1954Jun30T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.6135
Magnitude 1.0357
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 35s
Coordinates 60.5N 4.2E
Max. width of band 153 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 12:32:38
References
Saros 126 (44 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9408

A total solar eclipse occurred on June 30, 1954. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Totality began at sunrise over the United States over Nebraska, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, and crossed into Canada, across southern Greenland, Iceland and Faroe Islands, then into Europe, across Sweden, Norway, and eastern Europe. It ended before sunset over Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and ending in northwestern India.

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1953-1956[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the moon's orbit.

Note: Partial solar eclipse of February 14, 1953 and August 9, 1953 belong to the last lunar year set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1953–1956
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
116 SE1953Jul11P.png
July 11, 1953
Partial
121 SE1954Jan05A.png
January 5, 1954
Annular
126 SE1954Jun30T.png
June 30, 1954
Total
131 SE1954Dec25A.png
December 25, 1954
Annular
136 SE1955Jun20T.png
June 20, 1955
Total
141 SE1955Dec14A.png
December 14, 1955
Annular
146 SE1956Jun08T.png
June 8, 1956
Total
151 SE1956Dec02P.png
December 2, 1956
Partial

Saros 126[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 126, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 10, 1179. It contains annular eclipses from June 4, 1323 through April 4, 1810 and hybrid eclipses from April 14, 1828 through May 6, 1864. It contains total eclipses from May 17, 1882 through August 23, 2044. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on May 3, 2459. The longest duration of central eclipse (annular or total) was 5 minutes, 46 seconds of annularity on November 22, 1593. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 36 seconds on July 10, 1972.[1]

Series members 39-49 occur between 1901 and 2100:

39 40 41
SE1918Jun08T.png
June 8, 1918
SE1936Jun19T.png
June 19, 1936
SE1954Jun30T.png
June 30, 1954
42 43 44
SE1972Jul10T.png
July 10, 1972
SE1990Jul22T.png
July 22, 1990
SE2008Aug01T.png
August 1, 2008
45 46 47
SE2026Aug12T.png
August 12, 2026
SE2044Aug23T.png
August 23, 2044
SE2062Sep03P.png
September 3, 2062
48 49
SE2080Sep13P.png
September 13, 2080
SE2098Sep25P.png
September 25, 2098

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 22 eclipse events between September 12, 1931 and July 1, 2011.

September 11-12 June 30-July 1 April 18-19 February 4-5 November 22-23
114 116 118 120 122
SE1931Sep12P.png
September 12, 1931
SE1935Jun30P.png
June 30, 1935
SE1939Apr19A.png
April 19, 1939
SE1943Feb04T.png
February 4, 1943
SE1946Nov23P.png
November 23, 1946
124 126 128 130 132
SE1950Sep12T.png
September 12, 1950
SE1954Jun30T.png
June 30, 1954
SE1958Apr19A.png
April 19, 1958
SE1962Feb05T.png
February 5, 1962
SE1965Nov23A.png
November 23, 1965
134 136 138 140 142
SE1969Sep11A.png
September 11, 1969
SE1973Jun30T.png
June 30, 1973
SE1977Apr18A.png
April 18, 1977
SE1981Feb04A.png
February 4, 1981
SE1984Nov22T.png
November 22, 1984
144 146 148 150 152
SE1988Sep11A.png
September 11, 1988
SE1992Jun30T.png
June 30, 1992
SE1996Apr17P.png
April 17, 1996
SE2000Feb05P.png
February 5, 2000
SE2003Nov23T.png
November 23, 2003
154 156
SE2007Sep11P.png
September 11, 2007
SE2011Jul01P.png
July 1, 2011

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Solar_Saros_series_126, accessed October 2010

References[edit]