Solar eclipse of March 20, 2015

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Solar eclipse of March 20, 2015
SE2015Mar20T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.9454
Magnitude 1.0445
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 47s
Coordinates 64.4N 6.6W
Max. width of band 463 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 9:46:47
References
Saros 120 (61 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9541

A total solar eclipse will occur on Friday March 20, 2015. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

It will have a magnitude of 1.045. The longest duration of totality will be 2 minutes 47 seconds off the coast of the Faroe Islands. It is the last total solar eclipse visible in Europe until the eclipse of August 12, 2026. [1]

At the end of its path, the shadow of the Moon rises from the Earth's surface to space at the north pole. As March 20 is the Northward equinox, the eclipse occurs as the Sun rises at the north pole for the first time in six months, ending the winter polar night.[citation needed]

Images[edit]

SE2015Mar20T.gif

Closeup animation of shadow in 30 second frames:

Animation solar eclipse of March 20, 2015.gif

Related eclipses[edit]

Lunar eclipses[edit]

A total lunar eclipse will follow on April 4, 2015, visible over Australia, and the Pacific coast of Asia and North America.

Solar eclipses 2015-2018[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2015–2018
Descending node   Ascending node
120 March 20, 2015
SE2015Mar20T.png
Total
125 September 13, 2015
SE2015Sep13P.png
Partial
130 March 9, 2016
SE2016Mar09T.png
Total
135 September 1, 2016
SE2016Sep01A.png
Annular
140 February 26, 2017
SE2017Feb26A.png
Annular
145 August 21, 2017
Solar eclipse global visibility 2017Aug21T.png
Total
150 February 15, 2018
SE2018Feb15P.png
Partial
155 August 11, 2018
SE2018Aug11P.png
Partial
Partial solar eclipses on July 13, 2018, and January 6, 2019, occur on the next lunar year eclipse set.

Saros series[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 120, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 27, 933 AD, and reached an annular eclipse on August 11, 1059. It was a hybrid event for 3 dates: May 8, 1510, through May 29, 1546, and total eclipses from June 8, 1564, through March 30, 2033. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 7, 2195. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 16 seconds on August 12, 1654.[2]

Series members 55–65 occur between 1901 and 2100:

55 56 57
SE1907Jan14T.png
January 14, 1907
SE1925Jan24T.png
January 24, 1925
SE1943Feb04T.png
February 4, 1943
58 59 60
SE1961Feb15T.png
February 15, 1961
SE1979Feb26T.png
February 26, 1979
SE1997Mar09T.png
March 9, 1997
61 62 63
SE2015Mar20T.png
March 20, 2015
SE2033Mar30T.png
March 30, 2033
SE2051Apr11P.png
April 11, 2051
64 65
SE2069Apr21P.png
April 21, 2069
SE2087May02P.png
May 2, 2087

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 21 eclipse events between June 1, 2011 and June 1, 2087.

May 31 – June 1 March 20 January 5–6 October 24–25 August 12–13
118 119 121 123 125
SE2011Jun01P.png
June 1, 2011
SE2015Mar20T.png
March 20, 2015
SE2019Jan06P.png
January 6, 2019
SE2022Oct25P.png
October 25, 2022
SE2026Aug12T.png
August 12, 2026
128 129 131 133 135
SE2030Jun01A.png
June 1, 2030
SE2034Mar20T.png
March 20, 2034
SE2038Jan05A.png
January 5, 2038
SE2041Oct25A.png
October 25, 2041
SE2045Aug12T.png
August 12, 2045
138 139 141 143 145
SE2049May31A.png
May 31, 2049
SE2053Mar20A.png
March 20, 2053
SE2057Jan05T.png
January 5, 2057
SE2060Oct24A.png
October 24, 2060
SE2064Aug12T.png
August 12, 2064
148 149 151 153 155
SE2068May31T.png
May 31, 2068
SE2072Mar19P.png
March 19, 2072
SE2076Jan06T.png
January 6, 2076
SE2079Oct24A.png
October 24, 2079
SE2083Aug13P.png
August 13, 2083
157
SE2087Jun01P.png
June 1, 2087

Notes[edit]

References[edit]