Solar eclipse of May 6, 1883

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Solar eclipse of May 6, 1883
Caroline-Island-1883-Eclipse.jpg
An artist's depiction of the total solar eclipse, observed from Caroline Atoll, Caroline Islands.
SE1883May06T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.425
Magnitude 1.0634
Maximum eclipse
Duration 5m 58s
Coordinates 8.1S 144.6W
Max. width of band 229 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 21:53:49
References
Saros 136 (30 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9241

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 6, 1883. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

The path of totality fell across the southern Pacific Ocean with no major landfall. Partiality was visible from far eastern Australia at sunrise, and New Zealand, as well as western South America and southern Mexico near sunset. This eclipse is a member of Solar Saros 136, and its maximum duration was 5 minutes and 58 seconds.

Observations[edit]

An expedition of American astronomers traveled from Peru to Caroline Island aboard the USS Hartford to observe the total solar eclipse. A French expedition also observed the eclipse from Caroline, and the United States Navy mapped the atoll.[1] Johann Palisa, a member of the expedition, discovered an asteroid later that year which he named Carolina "in remembrance of his visit to [the] island."[2]

Related eclipses[edit]

Saros 136[edit]

Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on Jun 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721 through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 8 seconds.[3]

Series members 29–42 occur between 1865 and 2100:

28 29 30
SE1865Apr25T.gif
April 25, 1865
SE1883May06T.png
May 6, 1883
31 32 33
SE1901May18T.png
May 18, 1901
SE1919May29T.png
May 29, 1919
SE1937Jun08T.png
Jun 8, 1937
34 35 36
SE1955Jun20T.png
Jun 20, 1955
SE1973Jun30T.png
Jun 30, 1973
SE1991Jul11T.png
Jul 11, 1991
37 38 39
SE2009Jul22T.png
Jul 22, 2009
SE2027Aug02T.png
Aug 2, 2027
SE2045Aug12T.png
Aug 12, 2045
40 41 42
SE2063Aug24T.png
Aug. 24, 2063
SE2081Sep03T.png
Sep. 3, 2081
SE2099Sep14T.png
Sep. 14, 2099

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bryan, E.H. (1942). American Polynesia and the Hawaiian Chain. Honolulu: Tongg Publishing Company. 
  2. ^ Schmadel, L.D. (2000). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (4th ed.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag Telos. ISBN 3-540-66292-8. 
  3. ^ SEsaros136 at NASA.gov

References[edit]