Solar eclipse of October 2, 1959

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Solar eclipse of October 2, 1959
SE1959Oct02T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.4207
Magnitude 1.0325
Maximum eclipse
Duration 3m 2s
Coordinates 20.4N 1.4W
Max. width of band 120 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 12:27:00
References
Saros 143 (20 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9419

A total solar eclipse occurred on October 2, 1959. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Observations[edit]

Totality began over Boston, Massachusetts at sunrise. Viewing the eclipse was raining out, but it was reported that the brightening of the sky after the eclipse was a startling and impressive sight.[1] A few photographers captured the eclipse from airplanes above the clouds, and a multiple exposure was made atop the R. C. A. building in New York City. [2] The next total eclipse over Boston, the solar eclipse of May 1, 2079, will also be a sunrise event.[3]

The event was also observed at the Canarian Island of Fuerta Ventura by a team of Dutch astronomers of the university of Utrecht and Amsterdam. [4] [5]

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1957-1960[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1957–1960
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
118 SE1957Apr30A.png
April 30, 1957
Annular
123 SE1957Oct23T.png
October 23, 1957
Total
128 SE1958Apr19A.png
April 19, 1958
Annular
133 SE1958Oct12T.png
October 12, 1958
Total
138 SE1959Apr08A.png
April 8, 1959
Annular
143 SE1959Oct02T.png
October 2, 1959
Total
148 SE1960Mar27P.png
March 27, 1960
Partial
153 SE1960Sep20P.png
September 20, 1960
Partial

Solar 143[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 143, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 7, 1617 and total event from June 24, 1797 through October 24, 1995. It has hybrid eclipses from November 3, 2013 through December 6, 2067, and annular eclipses from December 16, 2085 through September 16, 2536. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on April 23, 2873. The longest duration of totality was 3 minutes, 50 seconds on August 19, 1887.[6]

Series members 17-28 occur between 1901 and 2100:

17 18 19
SE1905Aug30T.png
August 30, 1905
SE1923Sep10T.png
September 10, 1923
SE1941Sep21T.png
September 21, 1941
20 21 22
SE1959Oct02T.png
October 2, 1959
SE1977Oct12T.png
October 12, 1977
SE1995Oct24T.png
October 24, 1995
23 24 25
SE2013Nov03H.png
November 3, 2013
SE2031Nov14H.png
November 14, 2031
SE2049Nov25H.png
November 25, 2049
26 27 28
SE2067Dec06H.png
December 6, 2067
SE2085Dec16A.png
December 16, 2085

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 54, p.43,
  2. ^ Sky and Telescope, Vol. XIX, No. 1, p. 4.
  3. ^ http://www.space.com/spacewatch/050408_solar_eclipse.html
  4. ^ http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~rutte101/Utrecht_eclipse.html
  5. ^ Report of the Netherlands expedition for the observation of the total solar eclipse on october 2, 1959. Houtgast, J., Proceedings of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 63, Nr. 5, p. 611 (1960)
  6. ^ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsaros/SEsaros143.html

References[edit]