Solar eclipse of March 29, 2006

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Solar eclipse of March 29, 2006
Diamondring-eclipse-March03-29-2006.jpg
Totality from Side, Turkey
SE2006Mar29T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3843
Magnitude 1.0515
Maximum eclipse
Duration 4m 7s
Coordinates 23.2N 16.7E
Max. width of band 184 km
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin 7:36:50
(U1) Total begin 8:34:20
Greatest eclipse 10:12:23
(U4) Total end 11:47:55
(P4) Partial end 12:45:35
References
Saros 139 (29 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9521

A total solar eclipse occurred on March 29, 2006. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

It was visible from a narrow corridor which traversed half the Earth. The magnitude, that is, the ratio between the apparent sizes of the Moon and that of the Sun, was 1.052, and it was part of Saros 139.

Visibility[edit]

Animated path

The path of totality of the Moon's shadow began at sunrise in Brazil and extended across the Atlantic to Africa, traveling across Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Libya, and a small corner of northwest Egypt, from there across the Mediterranean Sea to Greece (Kastellórizo) and Turkey, then across the Black Sea via Georgia, Russia, and Kazakhstan to Western Mongolia, where it ended at sunset. A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including the northern two-thirds of Africa, the whole of Europe, and Central Asia.

Observations[edit]

People gathered in large areas where solar eclipse is visible around the World to view the event. Manchester Astronomical Society, the Malaysian Space Agency, the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, as well as dozens of tour groups met at the Apollo temple and the theater in Side, Turkey. The San Francisco Exploratorium featured a live webcast from the site, where thousands took their seats in the ancient, Roman-style theater.[1]

Almost all actively visited areas in the path of totality had perfect weather. Many observers reported an unusually beautiful eclipse, with many or all effects visible, and a very nice corona despite proximity to solar minimum. The partial phase of the eclipse was also visible from the International Space Station, while the astronauts on board took spectacular pictures of the shadow on the Earth's surface. At first, it looked as though an orbit correction in the middle of March would bring the ISS in the path of totality, but this correction was postponed.

Gallery[edit]

Satellite failure[edit]

The satellite responsible for SKY Network Television, a New Zealand pay TV company, failed the day after this eclipse at around 1900 local time. While SKY didn't directly attribute the failure to the eclipse, they said in a media release that it took longer to resolve the issue because of it, but this claim was refuted by astronomers. The main reason for the failure was because of an aging and increasingly faulty satellite.[2]

Related eclipses[edit]

This solar eclipse was preceded by the penumbral lunar eclipse on March 14, 2006.

Solar eclipses 2004-2008[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2004–2007
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
119 2004 April 19
SE2004Apr19P.png
Partial (south)
124 2004 October 14
SE2004Oct14P.png
Partial (north)
129 2005 April 8
SE2005Apr08H.png
Hybrid
134
Ecl-ann.jpg
Annular from Spain
2005 October 3
SE2005Oct03A.png
Annular
139
Diamondring-eclipse-March03-29-2006.jpg
Totality from Side, Turkey
2006 March 29
SE2006Mar29T.png
Total
144
Helder da Rocha - Partial solar eclipse (by-sa).jpg
Partial from São Paulo, Brazil
2006 September 22
SE2006Sep22A.png
Annular
149 2007 March 19
SE2007Mar19P.png
Partial (north)
154 2007 September 11
SE2007Sep11P.png
Partial (south)

Saros 139[edit]

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Members in the same column are one exeligmos apart and thus occur in the same geographic area.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29 seconds on July 16, 2186.[3] This is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[4]

Series members 24-39 occur between 1901 and 2200:

24 25 26
SE1916Feb03T.png
February 3, 1916
SE1934Feb14T.png
February 14, 1934
SE1952Feb25T.png
February 25, 1952
27 28 29
SE1970Mar07T.png
March 7, 1970
SE1988Mar18T.png
March 18, 1988
SE2006Mar29T.png
March 29, 2006
30 31 32
SE2024Apr08T.png
April 8, 2024
SE2042Apr20T.png
April 20, 2042
SE2060Apr30T.png
April 30, 2060
33 34 35
SE2078May11T.png
May 11, 2078
SE2096May22T.png
May 22, 2096
SE2114Jun03T.png
June 3, 2114
36 37 38
SE2132Jun13T.png
June 13, 2132
SE2150Jun25T.png
June 25, 2150
SE2168Jul05T.png
July 5, 2168
39
SE2186Jul16T.png
July 16, 2186

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 20 eclipse events between June 10, 1964 and August 21, 2036.

June 10–11 March 27–29 January 15–16 November 3 August 21–22
117 119 121 123 125
SE1964Jun10P.png
June 10, 1964
SE1968Mar28P.png
March 28, 1968
SE1972Jan16A.png
January 16, 1972
SE1975Nov03P.png
November 3, 1975
SE1979Aug22A.png
August 22, 1979
127 129 131 133 135
SE1983Jun11T.png
June 11, 1983
SE1987Mar29H.png
March 29, 1987
SE1991Jan15A.png
January 15, 1991
SE1994Nov03T.png
November 3, 1994
SE1998Aug22A.png
August 22, 1998
137 139 141 143 145
SE2002Jun10A.png
June 10, 2002
SE2006Mar29T.png
March 29, 2006
SE2010Jan15A.png
January 15, 2010
SE2013Nov03H.png
November 3, 2013
SE2017Aug21T.png
August 21, 2017
147 149 151 153 155
SE2021Jun10A.png
June 10, 2021
SE2025Mar29P.png
March 29, 2025
SE2029Jan14P.png
January 14, 2029
SE2032Nov03P.png
November 3, 2032
SE2036Aug21P.png
August 21, 2036

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Photos: