Solar power in France

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Solar radiation map of France
PV capacity per capita by region in 2013
  0 - 1 W/habitant
  1 - 10 W/habitant
  10 - 50 Watts
  50 - 100 Watts
  100 - 200 Watts
  200 - 350 Watts
  350 - 500 Watts
  500 - 750 Watts
  >750 Watts

France had 4.028 GW of photovoltaics at the end of 2012, installing 1.079 GW that year. The electricity generated in France by photovoltaics was 4,000 GWh in 2011.[1] The largest completed solar park is the 115 MW Toul-Rosières Solar Park.[2]

Of the 242,295 installations completed by the end of 2011, 0.2% were over 250 kW, and made up 38.6% of the total. 89.1% were 3 kW or less, and made up 20.3% of the total.[3]

Solar Parks
Name MWp Location Notes
Toul-Rosières Solar Park 115 48°46′48″N 005°58′48″E / 48.78000°N 5.98000°E / 48.78000; 5.98000
Gabardan Solar Park 67.2 44°02′42″N 0°01′36″W / 44.04500°N 0.02667°W / 44.04500; -0.02667
Les Mées Solar Park[4] 90 44°00′N 6°00′E / 44.000°N 6.000°E / 44.000; 6.000 Multiple sections
Crucey Solar Park[5] 60
Massangis Solar Park[6] 56
Châteaudun Solar Park[7] 50 Planned
Curbans Solar Park 33 44°25′N 06°03′E / 44.417°N 6.050°E / 44.417; 6.050

Insolation[edit]

The insolation in France ranges from 3 sun hours/day in the north to 5 sun hours/day in the south. The output of a solar array is a function of age, temperature, tilt, shading, tracking, and insolation.

Source: NREL[8]
Source: NREL[9]
Source: NREL[10]
Source: NREL[11]

Photovoltaic installations[edit]

Year end Capacity
(MWp)
Generation
(GWh)
Ref
2008 104 [12]
2009 289 [12][13]
2010 1,197 677 [13][14]
2011 2,949 2,400 [14][15]
2012 4,060 4,000 [15][16]
2013 4,673 4,600 [16]

Cumulated PV capacity in megawatt peak (MWp) in France

1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
1992
1996
2000
2004
2008
2012

Photovoltaic installations have been growing rapidly in France. In 2013, an additional 613 MW of PV capacity was installed. This is 45 percent less than in the previous year, when 1,115 MW were installed. By the end of 2013, the cumulated photovoltaic capacity reached almost 4.7 GW. This makes France the seventh biggest PV installer in terms of capacity in the world behind Germany, China, Italy, Japan, the United States and Spain.

However, a declining political support for new installations slowed down PV deployment since the record year of 2011, when 1,700 MW had been installed. In its 2014 report "Global Market Outlook for Photovoltaics", the European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) not only blames the French government for a lack of support but also criticises it to "hastily freeze or reduce support mechanisms" for further photovoltaic deployment.[16] The EPIA also asserts, that opposition from the conventional energy sector led to a negative image of PV technology in the public opinion. The French solar association SOLER urged the French government for more support and submitted a five-point plan in Spring 2014.[17]

Barchart: cumulated PV capacity in megawatt peak (MWp) in France since 1992. Figures based on collected source data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Photovoltaic Barometer
  2. ^ Marguerite Fund Buys Into France’s Largest Solar Park
  3. ^ National Survey Report of PV Power Applications in France 2011
  4. ^ France launches vast solar panel array
  5. ^ EDF Energies Nouvelles commissions a 60 MWp solar power plant in Crucey - France
  6. ^ EDF Energies Nouvelles commissions a 56 MWp solar power plant in Massangis - France
  7. ^ China's Fire Energy to build 50MW solar plant in France
  8. ^ "PV Watts". NREL. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "PV Watts". NREL. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "PV Watts". NREL. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "PV Watts". NREL. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  12. ^ a b EUROBSER'VER. "Photovoltaic Barometer - installations 2008 and 2009" (PDF). http://www.energies-renouvelables.org. p. 5. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  13. ^ a b EUROBSER'VER. "Photovoltaic Barometer - installations 2009 and 2010" (PDF). http://www.energies-renouvelables.org. p. 4. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  14. ^ a b EUROBSER'VER. "Photovoltaic Barometer - installations 2010 and 2011" (PDF). http://www.energies-renouvelables.org. p. 6. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  15. ^ a b EUROBSER'VER. "Photovoltaic Barometer - installations 2011 and 2012" (PDF). http://www.energies-renouvelables.org. p. 7. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "Global Market Outlook for Photovoltaics 2014-2018" (PDF). www.epia.org. EPIA - European Photovoltaic Industry Association. p. 24. Archived from the original on 12 June 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  17. ^ Willis, Ben (23 January 2014). "French government faces calls to revive domestic PV sector". http://www.pv-tech.org/. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 

External links[edit]