Soldier's Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Soldier's Medal
SoldMedal.gif
Awarded by United States Army
Type Medal (Decoration)
Awarded for Distinguishing oneself by heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy.
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
First awarded October 17, 1927
Precedence
Next (higher) Distinguished Flying Cross
Equivalent Navy & Marine Corps - Navy and Marine Corps Medal
Air Force - Airman's Medal
Coast Guard - Coast Guard Medal
Next (lower) Bronze Star Medal
Soldier's Medal ribbon.svg
Service ribbon

The Soldier's Medal is an individual decoration of the United States Army. It was introduced as Section 11 of the Air Corps Act, passed by the Congress of the United States on July 2, 1926.[1] [2]The criteria for the medal are: "The Soldier's Medal is awarded to any person of the Armed Forces of the United States or of a friendly foreign nation who, while serving in any capacity with the Army of the United States distinguished himself or herself by heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy."[3]

History[edit]

A need to recognize acts of heroism in 1922 resulted in the War Department issuing War Department orders for acts of bravery during peacetime. This led to an Act of Congress (Public Law 446-69th Congress, 2 July 1926 (44 Stat. 780)) which established the Soldier’s Medal for acts of heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy. The Secretary of War directed that the Quartermaster General prepare and submit appropriate designs of the Soldier’s Medal per letter signed by The Adjutant General dated 11 August 1926.[2] The Soldier's Medal is considered to be equivalent to the Navy and Marine Corps Medal, Airman's Medal, and the Coast Guard Medal.

The first Soldier's Medals were awarded on October, 17, 1927 to John F. Burns and James P. Martin for their heroism during a fire and to James K. Wilson and Cleophas C. Burnett for saving people from drowning.

The most numbers of Soldier's Medals awarded for one period of time was during World War II (at least hundreds were awarded).

Critera[edit]

The distinguishing criteria for the award of the Soldier's Medal as per Army Regulation 600-8-22, para 3-13 states that "The performance must have involved personal hazard or danger and the voluntary risk of life under conditions not involving conflict with an armed enemy. Awards will not be made solely on the basis of having saved a life."[3] It is the highest honor a soldier can receive for an act of valor in a non-combat situation, held to be equal to or greater than the level which would have justified an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross had the act occurred in combat. Any enlisted American servicemember who is eligible for retirement pay will receive an increase of 10 percent in retirement pay, if the level of valor was equal to that which would earn the Distinguished Service Cross. Additional awards of the medal are denoted by oak leaf clusters worn on the suspension and service ribbon of the medal.[2] [3]

Appearance[edit]

The bronze medal is issued as a 1 3/8 inch wide Bronze octagon with an eagle displayed, standing on a fasces, between two groups of stars of six and seven, above the group of six a spray of leaves. On the reverse is a shield paly of 13 pieces, on the chief the letters “US”, supported by sprays of laurel and oak, around the upper edge the inscription “SOLDIER’S MEDAL” and across the face the words “FOR VALOR.” In the base is a panel for the name of the recipient to be engraved. The medal is suspended from the ribbon by a rectangular-shaped metal loop with corners rounded. The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and consists of the following stripes: 3/8 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118 on each side and the center containing 13 White and Red stripes of equal width (7 White 67101 and 6 Old Glory Red 67156).[2]

Notable recipients[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mooney, Charles C. and Layman, Martha E. (1944). "Organization of Military Aeronautics, 1907-1935 (Congressional and War Department Action)". Air Force Historical Study No. 25. AFHRA (USAF). Retrieved 14 Dec 2010. , Appendix 5, p. 126.
  2. ^ a b c d "Soldiers's Medal". The Institute of Heraldry: Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the ARMY. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  3. ^ a b c "Personnel-General Military Awards". Department of the Army. 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  4. ^ http://www.watertowndailytimes.com/article/20140423/NEWS09/704239772