|Soledad Acosta Kemble|
Soledad Acosta Kemble, painting by Rafael Díaz Picón, 1913.
5 May 1833|
Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia
|Died||17 March 1913
Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia
|Resting place||Central Cemetery of Bogotá|
|Spouse||José María Samper Agudelo
Soledad Acosta Kemble (5 May 1833 – 17 March 1913) was a Colombian writer and journalist. A sophisticated, well-travelled, and social woman, she received a much higher and better rounded education than most women of her time and country, and enjoyed a high standing in society, not only for her family background, but for her own literary endeavours. She collaborated in various newspapers including El Comercio, El Deber, and Revista Americana, among other periodicals. Using her writings, she was a feminist well ahead of her time, she lobbied for equal education for women, and wrote on various topics pertaining to female participation in society and family, encouraging others to become proactive in the workforce and in the restoration of society.
Soledad was born on 5 May 1833 to Tomás Joaquín de Acosta y Pérez de Guzmán, and Caroline Kemble Rowe in Bogotá. Her father was a native of Guaduas the son of Spanish immigrants, he was a scientist, diplomat and general; her mother, a native of Kingston, Jamaica, was the daughter of Gideon Kemble, an American Scotsman and Collector of the Port of Kingston, and his wife Tomasa (née Rowe). On 5 May 1855 she married José María Samper Agudelo, a renowned writer and journalist, and together they had four daughters, Bertilda, who become a nun, and took up poetry like her parents, Carolina (b. 1857) and María Josefa (b. 1860), both of whom died in 1872 during a smallpox outbreak in Bogotá, and Blanca Leonor (b. 1862).
- Acosta, Soledad (1869). Novelas y Cuadros de la Vida Suramericana [Novels and Portraits of South American Life] (in Spanish). Ghent, Belgium: Eugene Vanderhaeghen. ISBN 978-987-1136-45-2. OCLC 7568301.
- Acosta, Soledad (1886). Los Piratas En Cartagena [Pirates in Cartagena] (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: La Luz. OCLC 228041823.
- Acosta, Samper (1888) . Una Holandesa En America [A Dutch Woman in America] (in Spanish). Willemstad, Curaçao: A. Betancourt. OCLC 15266567.
- Acosta, Soledad (1895). La Mujer En La Sociedad Moderna [The Woman in Modern Society] (in Spanish). Paris, France: Garnier. OCLC 1547187.
- Acosta, Soledad (1901). Biografía del general Joaquín Acosta: prócer de la independencia, historiador, geógrafo, hombre científico y filántropo [Biography of General Joaquín Acosta: Precursor of the Independence, Historian, Geographer, Man of Science and Philanthropist] (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: Camacho Roldán & Tamayo. OCLC 7706472.
- Samper, Santiago. Melo González, Jorge Orlando, ed. Gran Enciclopedia de Colombia del Círculo de Lectores, tomo de biografías [Great Encyclopaedia of Colombia, Volume of Biographies] (in Spanish). Bogotá: Luis Ángel Arango Library. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Pratt, Mary Louise (1995). "Soledad Acosta de Samper". In Meyer, Doris. Rereading the Spanish American essay: translations of 19th and 20th century women's essays. The Texas Pan American series. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 67–76. ISBN 978-0-292-75182-8. OCLC 32015586. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Burke, Janet; Humphrey, Ted (2007). "Soledad Acosta de Samper". Nineteenth-century nation building and the Latin American intellectual tradition. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing. ISBN 978-0-87220-837-7. OCLC 72161781. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Bassnett, Susan (1990). "9. One hundred years of unread writing: Soledad Acosta, Elisa Mujica and Marvel Moreno". Knives and angels: women writers in Latin America. London: Zed Books. pp. 132–137. ISBN 978-0-86232-875-7. OCLC 9780862328757. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Martin, Crista (1999). "Acosta de Samper, Soledad". In Commire, Anne. Women in World History: A biographical encyclopedia 1. Waterford, CT: Yorkin Publications, Gale Group. pp. 31–32. ISBN 0787640808.
- Due to Phonetic transcription, Mrs. Kemble's maiden name has been changed to "Rou" in many Spanish language sources.
- Stout, Kemble (1992). Genealogy of the Kemble (Kimble) family in America (Genealogy book). Pullman, WA. p. 356. OCLC 27175549.
- Acosta, Soledad (August 2004). "Cronología" [Chronology]. In Ordóñez Vila, Montserrat. Novelas y cuadros de la vida suramericana [Novels and Portraits of South American Life] (in Spanish). Chronology by María Victoria González. Bogotá. pp. 405–406. ISBN 978-958-683-706-4. OCLC 254691569. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
- Acosta de Samper, Soledad (1995) . The Mission of the Woman Writer in Spanish America (Essay). Translated by Mary Louise Pratt. pp. 71–76.
- Alzate, Carolina; Ordóñez, Montserrat (2005). Soledad Acosta de Samper: escritura, género y nación en el siglo XIX [Soledad Acosta de Samper: Writing, Genre, and Nation in the 19th Century] (in Spanish). Madrid: Iberoamericana. ISBN 978-84-8489-097-3. OCLC 63263664.
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