Solicitor General of Canada

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The Solicitor General of Canada was a position in the Canadian ministry from 1892 to 2005. The position was based on the Solicitor General in the British system and was originally designated as an officer to assist the Minister of Justice. It was not initially a position in the Canadian Cabinet, although after 1917 its occupant was often sworn into the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and attended Cabinet meetings. In 1966, the modern position of Solicitor General was created with the repeal of the previous Solicitor General Act and the passage of a new statute creating the ministerial office of the Solicitor General of Canada.

In recent decades the Solicitor General's department was responsible for administering the prison system, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the National Parole Board and other matters relating to internal security. In 2003 the position was styled Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, and the portfolio expanded. In 2005 the position was formally abolished.


Solicitors General[edit]

1. John Joseph Curran* under Thompson December 5, 1892 – December 12, 1894
under Bowell December 21, 1894 – October 17, 1895
vacant under Bowell October 18, 1895 – April 27, 1896
2. Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper under Tupper May 1, 1896 – July 8, 1896
3. Charles Fitzpatrick* under Laurier July 13, 1896 – February 9, 1902
4. Henry George Carroll* under Laurier February 10, 1902 – January 28, 1904
5. Rodolphe Lemieux* under Laurier January 29, 1904 – June 3, 1906
vacant under Laurier June 4, 1906 – February 13, 1907
6. Jacques Bureau* under Laurier February 14, 1907 – October 6, 1911
vacant under Borden October 10, 1911 – June 25, 1913
7. Arthur Meighen* under Borden June 26, 1913 – October 1, 1915
under Borden October 2, 1915 – August 24, 1917
* Arthur Meighen (acting) under Borden August 31, 1917 – October 3, 1917
8. Hugh Guthrie* under Borden October 4, 1917 – July 4, 1919
under Borden July 5, 1919 – July 10, 1920
* Hugh Guthrie (acting) under Meighen July 10, 1920 – September 30, 1921
Guillaume-André Fauteux under Meighen October 1, 1921 - December 28, 1921
9. Daniel Duncan McKenzie under King December 29, 1921 – April 10, 1923
vacant under King April 11, 1923 – November 13, 1923
10. Edward James McMurray under King November 14, 1923 – May 22, 1925
vacant under King May 23, 1925 – September 4, 1925
11. Lucien Cannon* under King September 5, 1925 – June 28, 1926
vacant under Meighen June 29, 1926 – August 22, 1926
12. Guillaume André Fauteux under Meighen August 23, 1926 – September 25, 1926
Lucien Cannon (second time) under King September 25, 1926 – August 7, 1930
13. Maurice Dupré under Bennett August 8, 1930 – October 23, 1935
vacant under King October 25, 1935 – April 17, 1945
14. Joseph Jean under King April 18, 1945 – November 15, 1948
under St. Laurent November 15, 1948 – August 23, 1949
15. Hugues Lapointe under St. Laurent August 25, 1949 – August 6, 1950
16. Stuart Sinclair Garson under St. Laurent August 7, 1950 – October 14, 1952
17. Ralph Osborne Campney under St. Laurent October 15, 1952 – January 11, 1954
18. William Ross Macdonald under St. Laurent January 12, 1954 – June 21, 1957
19. Léon Balcer under Diefenbaker June 21, 1957 – October 10, 1960
20. William Joseph Browne under Diefenbaker October 11, 1957 – August 9, 1962
vacant under Diefenbaker August 10, 1962 – April 22, 1963
21. John Watson MacNaught under Pearson April 22, 1963 – July 6, 1965
22. Lawrence Pennell under Pearson July 7, 1965 – April 20, 1968
23. John Napier Turner under Trudeau April 20, 1968 – July 5, 1968
24. George James McIlraith under Trudeau July 6, 1968 – December 21, 1970
25. Jean-Pierre Goyer under Trudeau December 22, 1970 – November 26, 1972
26. Warren Allmand under Trudeau November 27, 1972 – September 13, 1976
27. Francis Fox under Trudeau September 14, 1976 – January 27, 1978
* Ron Basford (acting) under Trudeau January 28, 1978 – February 1, 1978
28. Jean-Jacques Blais under Trudeau February 2, 1978 – June 3, 1979
29. Allan Frederick Lawrence under Clark June 4, 1979 – March 2, 1980
30. Robert Phillip Kaplan under Trudeau March 3, 1980 – June 29, 1984
under Turner June 30, 1984 – September 16, 1984
31. Elmer MacKay under Mulroney September 17, 1984 – August 19, 1985
32. Perrin Beatty under Mulroney August 20, 1985 – June 29, 1986
33. James Kelleher under Mulroney June 30, 1986 – December 7, 1988
* Perrin Beatty (acting) under Mulroney December 8, 1988 – January 29, 1989
34. Pierre Blais under Mulroney January 30, 1989 – February 22, 1990
35. Pierre Cadieux under Mulroney February 23, 1990 – April 20, 1991
36. Doug Lewis under Mulroney April 21, 1991 – January 3, 1993
under Campbell June 24, 1993 – November 3, 1993
37. Herb Gray under Chrétien November 4, 1993 – June 10, 1997
38. Andy Scott under Chrétien June 11, 1997 – November 23, 1998
39. Lawrence MacAulay under Chrétien November 23, 1998 – October 22, 2002
40. Wayne Easter under Chrétien October 22, 2002 – December 11, 2003
41. Anne McLellan as Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness (Canada) under Martin December 12, 2003 – March 23, 2005
42. Position abolished 2005

(*) Not in Cabinet