Solidago verna

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Solidago verna
Conservation status

Vulnerable (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Astereae
Genus: Solidago
Species: S. verna
Binomial name
Solidago verna
M.A.Curtis ex Torr. & A.Gray

Solidago verna is a species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common names spring-flowering goldenrod and spring goldenrod. It is native to North Carolina and South Carolina in the United States.[1][2]

This species is a perennial herb growing up to about 1.2 meters in height. It produces a single hairy, erect stem from a woody, branching caudex. The serrated leaves are up to 16 centimeters long and are borne on winged petioles. The inflorescence contains many bell-shaped flower heads. Each flower head contains several yellow ray florets and several yellow disc florets.[3] This species is the only goldenrod in the region that blooms in spring.[2]

This goldenrod occurs in several types of habitat, including sandhills, pine barrens, and pocosins.[2] The three main habitat types are pocosin ecotones, the river terraces along the Little River, and wet pine flatwoods.[1]

Threats to the species include the loss of habitat to development and agriculture, including silviculture. Fire suppression may degrade the habitat as well.[1][4]

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