Solihull (UK Parliament constituency)

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Solihull
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Solihull in West Midlands.
Outline map
Location of West Midlands within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 77,354 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Solihull
Current constituency
Created 1945
Member of Parliament Lorely Burt (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Solihull is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Lorely Burt, a Liberal Democrat.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is one of two covering the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It covers the town of Solihull itself, as well as Shirley and Olton. It is a largely well-off, residential area, in the south-east of the West Midlands conurbation.

Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies

Boundary changes that came into effect at the 2010 general election saw just under 5,000 electors transferred to the neighbouring Meriden constituency, and around 2,000 electors transferred in to Solihull from Meriden. The net effect of this (according to Rallings & Thrasher's calculations used by the major news outlets) was that the seat notionally switched from the Liberal Democrats to the Conservatives.

The seat has electoral wards:

  • Elmdon, Lyndon, Olton, St Alphege, Shirley East, Shirley South, Shirley West, and Silhill in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull[2]

History[edit]

The Conservative Party had always viewed Solihull as a safe seat, having held it since it was established in 1945 until 2005. Roy Jenkins failed to win the constituency at the 1945 UK general election.

Yet, in the 2005 general election it was an unexpected gain for the Liberal Democrats, with Lorely Burt beating the incumbent John Taylor by a small majority of just 279 votes. Burt won the seat again at the 2010 general election, this time by just 175 votes following two recounts. Although the incumbent when the 2010 election was called, Mrs Burt's victory was classed as a 'gain' because boundary changes had given the Conservative candidate, Maggie Throup, a slender notional majority.

Constituency profile[edit]

The Solihull area is home to some of the West Midlands's more affluent residents and includes a high proportion of Birmingham workers and the managerial classes in manufacturing, retail, industry and the public sector. There are smaller villages and undeveloped green belt areas in its peripheral countryside, though the seat is primarily suburban and middle-class, with low levels of deprivation throughout. Workless claimants stood at only 2% of the population in November 2012, below every regional average in the UK. In the study of that date, only three of the 59 West Midlands seats had a lower proportion of registered jobseekers.[3]

Following boundary changes, the northernmost tip of the seat now contains the point in England furthest from the coast in any direction.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1945 Sir Martin Lindsay Conservative
1964 Percy Grieve Conservative
1983 John Taylor Conservative
2005 Lorely Burt Liberal Democrat

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Lorely Burt
Conservative Julian Knight
Labour Nigel Knowles
Green Howard Allen
General Election 2010: Solihull[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Lorely Burt 23,635 42.9 +3.5
Conservative Maggie Throup 23,460 42.6 +2.9
Labour Sarah Merrill 4,891 8.9 -6.7
BNP Andrew Terry 1,624 2.9 -0.5
UKIP John Ison 1,200 2.2 +0.3
Solihull and Meriden Residents' Association Neill Watts 319 0.6 N/A
Majority 175 0.3
Turnout 55,129 71.9 +4.5
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +0.3
  • Due to Boundary Changes this seat was notionally Conservative, even though it was previously held by the Liberal Democrats, making it a Liberal Democrat gain.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Lorely Burt 20,896 39.9 +13.9
Conservative John Taylor 20,617 39.4 -6.0
Labour Rory Vaughan 8,058 15.4 -10.2
BNP Diane Carr 1,752 3.3 N/A
UKIP Andrew Moore 990 1.9 -0.3
Majority 279 0.5
Turnout 52,313 63.1 +4.7
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +10.0
General Election 2001: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Taylor 21,935 45.4 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Jo Byron 12,528 26.0 +0.7
Labour Brendan O’Brien 12,373 25.6 +1.3
UKIP Andy Moore 1,061 2.2 N/A
ProLife Alliance Mary Pyne 374 0.8 -0.3
Majority 9,407 19.4
Turnout 48,271 63.3 -11.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Taylor 26,299 44.7 -16.1
Liberal Democrat Michael J. Southcombe 14,902 25.3 4.3
Labour Mrs. Rachel N. Harris 14,334 24.3 7.6
Referendum Party Michael H. Nattrass 2,748 4.7 N/a
ProLife Alliance Jim Caffery 623 1.1 N/a
Majority 11,397 19.35 -20.55
Turnout 58,906 74.6 -7.0
Conservative hold Swing −10.3
General Election 1992: Solihull[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Taylor 38,385 60.8 −0.2
Liberal Democrat Michael J. Southcombe 13,239 21.0 −3.0
Labour Mrs Nicola Kutapan 10,544 16.7 +1.7
Green Clifford G. Hards 925 1.5 N/A
Majority 25,146 39.9 +2.7
Turnout 63,093 81.6 +6.5
Conservative hold Swing +1.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Taylor 35,844 61.07
Liberal Geoff E. Gadie 14,058 23.95
Labour Sue E. Knowles 8,791 14.98
Majority 21,786 37.12
Turnout 75.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Taylor 31,947 60.76
Liberal I. Gillett 14,553 27.68
Labour I. Jamieson 6,075 11.55
Majority 17,394 33.08
Turnout 71.36
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Grieve 43,027 66.16
Labour D.G.A. Hallam 10,820 16.64
Liberal I. Gillett 10,214 15.70
National Front D. Stevenson 978 1.50
Majority 32,207 49.52
Turnout 77.18
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Grieve 31,707 52.67
Liberal J.A. Windmill 15,848 26.33
Labour D. McShane 12,640 21.00
Majority 15,859 26.35
Turnout 75.25
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Grieve 35,049 54.47
Liberal J.A. Windmill 17,686 27.49
Labour D.A. Norman 11,608 18.04
Majority 17,363 26.99
Turnout 81.30
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Grieve 37,756 64.29
Labour D. Gray 13,181 22.44
Liberal R.A. Davis 7,795 13.27
Majority 24,575 41.84
Turnout 72.14
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Grieve 34,008 65.69
Labour D.A. Forwood 17,760 34.31
Majority 16,248 31.39
Turnout 74.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Grieve 32,355 59.45
Labour T.W.K. Scott 11,969 21.99
Liberal L. Farell 10,097 18.55
Majority 20,386 37.46
Turnout 80.46
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Martin Lindsay 35,862 73.88
Labour E.J. Bowen 12,682 26.12
Majority 23,180 47.75
Turnout 80.60
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Martin Lindsay 29,323 72.18
Labour M. Large 11,300 27.82
Majority 18,023 44.37
Turnout 78.28
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Martin Lindsay 27,871 70.35
Labour J. Johnson 11,747 29.65
Majority 16,124 40.70
Turnout 83.18
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Martin Lindsay 25,758 63.28
Labour W.N. Camp 11,741 28.84
Liberal A.M. Hayes 3,206 7.88
Majority 14,017 34.44
Turnout 86.92
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Solihull
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Martin Lindsay 26,696 55.22
Labour Roy Jenkins 21,647 44.78
Majority 5,049 10.44
Turnout 71.79
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Coordinates: 52°25′N 1°47′W / 52.41°N 1.78°W / 52.41; -1.78