Solihull (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Solihull in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||77,354 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Lorely Burt (Liberal Democrat)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency is one of two covering the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It covers the town of Solihull itself, as well as Shirley and Olton. It is a largely well-off, residential area, in the south-east of the West Midlands conurbation.
Boundary changes that came into effect at the 2010 general election saw just under 5,000 electors transferred to the neighbouring Meriden constituency, and around 2,000 electors transferred in to Solihull from Meriden. The net effect of this (according to Rallings & Thrasher's calculations used by the major news outlets) was that the seat notionally switched from the Liberal Democrats to the Conservatives.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Elmdon, Lyndon, Olton, St Alphege, Shirley East, Shirley South, Shirley West, and Silhill in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull
The Conservative Party had always viewed Solihull as a safe seat, having held it since it was established in 1945 until 2005. Roy Jenkins failed to win the constituency at the 1945 UK general election.
Yet, in the 2005 general election it was an unexpected gain for the Liberal Democrats, with Lorely Burt beating the incumbent John Taylor by a small majority of just 279 votes. Burt won the seat again at the 2010 general election, this time by just 175 votes following two recounts. Although the incumbent when the 2010 election was called, Mrs Burt's victory was classed as a 'gain' because boundary changes had given the Conservative candidate, Maggie Throup, a slender notional majority.
The Solihull area is home to some of the West Midlands's more affluent residents and includes a high proportion of Birmingham workers and the managerial classes in manufacturing, retail, industry and the public sector. There are smaller villages and undeveloped green belt areas in its peripheral countryside, though the seat is primarily suburban and middle-class, with low levels of deprivation throughout. Workless claimants stood at only 2% of the population in November 2012, below every regional average in the UK. In the study of that date, only three of the 59 West Midlands seats had a lower proportion of registered jobseekers.
Following boundary changes, the northernmost tip of the seat now contains the point in England furthest from the coast in any direction.
Members of Parliament
|1945||Sir Martin Lindsay||Conservative|
|2005||Lorely Burt||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Solihull|
|Liberal Democrat||Lorely Burt|
|General Election 2010: Solihull|
|Liberal Democrat||Lorely Burt||23,635||42.9||+3.5|
|Solihull and Meriden Residents' Association||Neill Watts||319||0.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+0.3|
- Due to Boundary Changes this seat was notionally Conservative, even though it was previously held by the Liberal Democrats, making it a Liberal Democrat gain.
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Solihull|
|Liberal Democrat||Lorely Burt||20,896||39.9||+13.9|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.0|
|General Election 2001: Solihull|
|Liberal Democrat||Jo Byron||12,528||26.0||+0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||Mary Pyne||374||0.8||-0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Solihull|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael J. Southcombe||14,902||25.3||4.3|
|Labour||Mrs. Rachel N. Harris||14,334||24.3||7.6|
|Referendum Party||Michael H. Nattrass||2,748||4.7||N/a|
|ProLife Alliance||Jim Caffery||623||1.1||N/a|
|General Election 1992: Solihull|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael J. Southcombe||13,239||21.0||−3.0|
|Labour||Mrs Nicola Kutapan||10,544||16.7||+1.7|
|Green||Clifford G. Hards||925||1.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Solihull|
|Liberal||Geoff E. Gadie||14,058||23.95|
|Labour||Sue E. Knowles||8,791||14.98|
|General Election 1983: Solihull|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Solihull|
|National Front||D. Stevenson||978||1.50|
|General Election October 1974: Solihull|
|General Election February 1974: Solihull|
|General Election 1970: Solihull|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Solihull|
|General Election 1964: Solihull|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Solihull|
|Conservative||Sir Martin Lindsay||35,862||73.88|
|General Election 1955: Solihull|
|Conservative||Sir Martin Lindsay||29,323||72.18|
|General Election 1951: Solihull|
|Conservative||Sir Martin Lindsay||27,871||70.35|
|General Election 1950: Solihull|
|Conservative||Sir Martin Lindsay||25,758||63.28|
Election in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Solihull|
|Conservative||Sir Martin Lindsay||26,696||55.22|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- BBC Election 2010, Solihull
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.