Soling

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International Soling
Soling Line Drawing.svg
Soling insigna.png
Class Symbol
Current Specifications
Crew 2 or 3
Type Monohull
Design One-Design
Construction GRP
Rig Bermuda rig
Keel Fixed 580 kg (1,280 lb)
Trapeze Droop hiking
LOA 8.15 m (26.7 ft)
LWL 6.1 m (20 ft)
Beam 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)
Draft 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)
Hull weight 1,035 kg (2,282 lb)
Mast height 9.3 m (31 ft)
Main & Jib area 23.7 m2 (255 sq ft)
Mainsail area 15.6 m2 (168 sq ft)
Jib / Genoa area 8.1 m2 (87 sq ft)
Spinnaker area Max: 45 m2 (480 sq ft)
Min: 35 m2 (380 sq ft)
D-PN 82.3[1]
RYA PN 914[2]
Development
Year 1965
Designer Jan H. Linge
Location Norway
Role Designed for the Olympic Games 1972
Infobox last updated: 05-NOV-2011
Vintage Yachting Class

A Soling is a class of open keelboat designed by Jan Linge of Norway in 1965. In 1968, it was chosen from among many other boats to be the men's triple-handed boat for the 1972 Olympics. The Soling remained an Olympic boat until its final Olympic appearance at the 2000 Olympics. Since 2008 the Soling has been one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.

The Soling is a strong boat designed for any wind and sea conditions and is fun to sail. Fitness, sailing and team skills are basic requirements for good racing. The boats are made of fibreglass reinforced polyester and are One-design boats coming from an authorized single plug and mould, making competition as even as possible. Masts are made of aluminium alloy and the best known brand is Abbott, although Proctor, Børresen Bådebyggeri and other brands might be available in the market.

The lifetime of a Soling is long. Those produced in the early days still sail beautifully and some are still in competition (more than 30 years after being built). The average competition life of a Soling boat is considered 15 years making the Soling a perfect cost / benefit boat for racing purposes.

Sails are made of Dacron and the most used brands are: Doyle, North Sails, Elvstrøm Sails, UK-Halsey.

Characteristic for the Soling is the droop-hiking technique.[3][4]

VYG 1 Soling 2008.JPG

History[edit]

Soling 001.jpg

The Soling history actually began in the mind of Jan Linge during the late 50's while he was doing design work and tank testing on a 5.5 metre to be built for a Norwegian friend for sailing in the 1960 Olympics. This friend, Finn Ferner, was a successful businessman and an outstanding helmsman, an Olympic medalist and winner of many international events. Linge had become convinced that a slightly smaller boat with a detached spade rudder and short keel could be a fast seaworthy boat with the likelihood of great popularity - though such features were not allowed under the 5.5 rules. After 1960 Linge completed his design sketches to demonstrate his ideas for promoting a Norwegian national class.

By the time of the 1961 IYRU meetings, the forces for change had organized themselves to seek four new classes - a single hander as companion to the Finn, a two-man keelboat to complement the Star, a three-man keelboat like the 5.5 or Dragon, finally a catamaran. The underlying goals for these new boats were not explicit, but hinted: "high performance" and "popularity" were key words for whatever boat was chosen. The two-man keelboat process started in 1962 under the auspices of the Dutch sailing magazine "De Waterkampioen" with the announcement of the design competition, to culminate at the 1963 IYRU meetings, and Trials perhaps in 1965. This resulted into the Tempest.

It was the public announcement by the Class Policy Committee (CPOC) in mid 1963 that started events leading to the adoption of the Soling's Olympic status four years later. The American magazine "Yachting" undertook to accept design sketches for presentation at the November 1963 meeting. "What IYRU wanted was a nice compromise between maximum speed and maximum seaworthiness, with a good measure of both. Obligatory maximum limits and features were:

  • LWL: 22 feet (6.7m)
  • Draft 4'6 (1.37m)
  • Displacement 3799 pounds (1723 kg)
  • Sail area 310 sq. ft. (28.8m2)
  • Non-sinkable
  • Built-in buoyancy
  • Capable of racing in open sea conditions
  • Open cabin

Linge was determined to develop his version of a three-man keelboat. His next door neighbour, Sverre Olsen (See S.O. + LING) became interested in backing the effort. A wooden prototype was built, for experimenting with sizes and placement of rudders, keels, and rig. Finn Ferner, the champion skipper and Linge's 5.5 client of 1960, became an important skilled partner in this activity. By mid 1965, Linge and Ferner were satisfied enough with their work to manufacture the moulds needed for producing complete fibreglass boats. In November 1965, the IYRU scheduled trials to be held off Kiel during September 1966.

The high performance revolution was underway: The Tempest was given recognition, Catamaran trials were set for 1967, and a 1966 re-run of the single hander event which had had no wind in 1965 was held. During the winter of '65/'66, five fibreglass Solings were built which were extensively sailed against one another during the following Summer. This competition was destined to be helpful in the heavy weather ahead at Kiel - chosen as a windy challenge for what the IYRU desired. The first race was in moderate air, but thereafter for ten of the eleven races, Kiel lived up to its breezy reputation. The final race may have been worth all the rest for the Soling: a meeting of helmsmen gathered in view of the forty knot wind. Not surprisingly, the Committee's desire to race was persuasive. By the windward mark only the Soling was left to sail the course, and so was able to demonstrate her outstanding ability to handle heavy air. The Selection Committee, consisting of Frank Murdoch (Chairman, GBR), Beppe Croce (ITA), Bob Bavier (USA), Costas Stavridis (GRE), Sir Gordon Smith (GBR) and Hans Lubinus (GER) was impressed.

Two boats were recommended: Shillalah II, designed and sailed by US Starboat Champion, E. W. "Skip" Etchells, and Soling, the boat referred to as "the undersized entry". Several new boats, a fibreglass Shillalah, also a 5.5 and a Dragon to compare speeds, assembled in Travemünde for the second Trials - this time in what became a moderate air series. Again Shillalah was the big winner, but again Soling finished respectably. This time she was sailed by Per Spilling with Sven Olsen and Linge again as crew. Without comment, the Observation Committee recommended Soling alone; this result passed unanimously through the IYRU meetings. The Soling had become an international class.

The 1968 Games in Mexico were held before the Class acquired its Olympic status. Because there was a five-class limit set by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the CPOC had recommended 5.5, Soling, Tempest (its two new boats), FD and Finn - these at the cost of Dragon and Star for the 1972 Olympics. The Permanent Committee was heavily lobbied by Dragon enthusiasts and so dumped the 5.5; in the same process the Star owners forced abandonment of IYRU's Tempest. In April 1969, after this battle, the IOC relieved the pressure on the IYRU by allowing a sixth "event". The IYRU then added the Tempest.

The news of the Trials' results not only assured the Soling's status, but stimulated a building spree: three hundred in 1968 and as many or more in 1969. Elvstrøm became the dominant builder in Europe, particularly after he won the first Soling World Championship off Copenhagen in 1969. One of the best American helmsmen, George O'Day, was given a license to build for the US market, just as Bill Abbott, Sr. (Chief) acquired the Canadian market.

Present Day[edit]

There are still active and fun Soling class racing, Boston, Massachusetts maintains one of the largest active Soling racing clubs, with highly competitive racing every week through Summer and Fall.

Soling in Boston Harbor, sailing through Hypocrite Channel

International Soling Association (ISA)[5][edit]

After the class became an International class the International Soling Association was founded. This "Owners Club" became a very self-supporting club able to address the main issues of the class. International Soling Class Association Website

Class Presidents[edit]

The main strategy of the Soling President has always been: "one-designedness", and creating opportunities that bring club sailors and Olympic aspirants together.

Period Country President Major achievement
1968–1972  Denmark Eggert Benzon Initiation of the International Soling Association
1973–1975  United States Jack Van Dyke In 1972 the Soling had been re-designated as an Olympic Class, looking towards the '76 Games. But the signals at the IYRU were to shape up with better control over the boat's construction, as well as its potential for high cost improvements contrary to the intention of Section 1 of the Class Rules. Van Dyke's previous years with the IYRU helped to make 1973 a watershed year.
1976–1979  Netherlands Geert Bakker He provided a transition that led the Class from its pioneer days to its pre-eminence as the world's most active and admired three-man keelboat. Geert was elected to the Presidency in 1976, the year he represented The Netherlands in the Kingston Olympics.
1980–1982  Australia Ken Berkeley Match racing became a regular feature of the Class' European schedule in 1983 when Ken Berkeley (who had just retired) donated a trophy for annual competition based upon experience over several years on Lake Balaton in Hungary and in Berlin. Ken Berkeley recruited a new secretary, Dinny Reed, in 1980 after the death of Eyvin Schiotz who had been Secretary since the early years of the Class.
1983–1986  West Germany Karl Haist He encouraged The German Democratic Republic (GDR) Soling sailors to become more active in the regular events of the Class and arranged for the first European Championship behind the "Iron Curtain". Karl was particularly concerned to maintain the one-design character of the boat and during his tenure additional templates were introduced to control the shape of the keel. Heike Blok brought forward the concept of an international ranking system and donated the Soling World Trophy.
1987–1990  West Germany Sam Merrick During Sam Merrick's Presidency the IYRU hierarchy launched a major program to make sailing a spectator sport, part of which was to introduce match racing into the Olympics. Sam persuaded the Class and the IYRU that if match racing were to be introduced, the ideal means was to use the Soling in a fleet/match event and he presided over the establishment of the present Olympic format in which the top fleet racers advance to a match racing final. The number of sails allowed in a regatta was reduced to one main, two jibs, and two spinnakers. Perhaps most importantly, Uli Strohschneider's campaign to make the Soling unsinkable was successful and the Class Rules were modified to require that hatch covers be screwed into place. No Solings with correct hatch covers have sunk since this time.
1991–1994  United States Stuart H. Walker Walker campaigned successfully to keep the Soling in the '96 Olympics and to continue the fleet/match format Stu established a strong, well organized Technical Committee that included the major builders and which has been successful in openly recognizing and solving problems before they become significant.
1995–1998  Hungary George Wossala George Wossala, as Vice-President and then President of the ISA, became a major influence in the Hungarian Yachting Association, and subsequently was appointed to several important ISAF Committees. During his reign as ISA President he also strove to improve the status of the Class' club racers, while aspiring to, and achieving, an Olympic berth himself (in the 1996 Olympics). He has also instigated the first Soling Masters' Championship - to be held at Lake Balaton in September 1999
1999–2002  United Kingdom Tony Clare After serving as Chairman of the ISA Technical Committee from 1980–1998 and as Vice President (Administration) from 1990–1998, Tony Clare became ISA President in January 1999. He has spent an enormous amount of time and effort over the last 20 years to make the International Soling Association work smoothly and to make the Class and its administration the most respected of all the Olympic classes.
2003–2006  United States Rose Hoeksema After the discontinuation as an Olympic class after the 2000 Olympics, Rose was able to keep the class together and to make a start of a new Soling strategy. A part of that strategy was to make the Soling one of the Vintage Yachting Classes.

Dinny Reed retired in 2003 as secretary. She was succeeded by Fleur Ainsley and later by Mathias Collins.

2007 – Present  Netherlands Johan Offermans Johan is working to keep the numbers of competitors as high as possible as well as the number of countries involved in Soling sailing.

Wall of Fame[6][edit]

Olympic Games[7][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Denmark (DEN) 4 0 1 5
2  United States (USA) 2 3 1 6
3  Germany (GER) 1 1 0 2
4  East Germany (GDR) 1 0 1 2
5  Brazil (BRA) 0 1 0 1
 Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 0 1
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 0 1
 Sweden (SWE) 0 1 0 1
9  Canada (CAN) 0 0 2 2
10  Great Britain (GBR) 0 0 1 1
 Greece (GRE) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
8 8 8 24
Games Gold Silver Bronze
1972:
West Germany

details

 United States (USA)
Harry Melges
William Allen
William Bentsen

 Sweden (SWE)
Stig Wennerström
Bo Knape
Stefan Krook

 Canada (CAN)
David Miller
Paul Côté
John Ekels

1976:
Canada

details

 Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hansen

 United States (USA)
John Kolius
Walter Glasgow
Richard Hoepfner

 East Germany (GDR)
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries

1980:
Soviet Union

details

 Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hansen

 Soviet Union (URS)
Boris Budnikov
Alexandr Budnikov
Nikolay Poliakov

 Greece (GRE)
Anastasios Bountouris
Anastasios Gavrilis
Aristidis Rapanakis

1984:
United States

details

 United States (USA)
Robbie Haines
Rod Davis
Ed Trevalyan

 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Daniel Adler
Ronaldo Senfft

 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Stephen Calder
John Kerr

1988:
South Korea

details

 East Germany (GDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel

 United States (USA)
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Robert Billingham

 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Jan Mathiasen
Steen Secher

1992:
Spain

details

 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Steen Secher
Jesper Seier

 United States (USA)
Kevin Mahaney
Jim Brady
Doug Kern

 Great Britain (GBR)
Lawrie Smith
Robert Cruikshank
Ossie Stewart

1996:
United States

details

 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel

 Russia (RUS)
Georgi Shayduko
Dmitri Shabanov
[Igor Skalin]]

 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
Jim Barton
[Kent Massey]]

2000:
Australia

details

 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Henrik Blakskjær
Thomas Jacobsen

 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski

 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland

Vintage Yachting Games[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Netherlands 1 1 0 2
2  Ukraine 1 0 0 1
3 3D VYGOlogo.png Wildcards (NCO) 0 1 0 1
4  Austria 0 0 1 1
4  Germany 0 0 1 1
Event Gold Silver Bronze
2008
Netherlands
Medemblik
 Netherlands (NED)
Rudy den Outer
Leo Determan
Ronald den Arend
3D VYGOlogo.png Wildcard (NCO)
Steven Bakker
Sven Koster
Joost Houweling
 Germany (GER)
Holger Weichert
Laurent Scheel
Martin Setzkorn
2012
Italy
Lake Como
 Ukraine (UKR)
Igor Yushko
Sergiy Pichugin
Dmitriy Yarmolenka
 Netherlands (NED)
Rudy den Outer
Gavin Lidlow
Ramzi Souli
 Austria (AUT)
Peter Neumann
Rudolf Rager
Rudolf Hubauer
2016
United Kingdom
Weymouth Bay
Dates to be decided

Pan American Games[8][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 2 0 1 3
2  Brazil 1 1 1 3
3  Canada 0 2 1 3
3 3 3 9
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1979
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg
San Juan
 United States (US)  Brazil (BL)  Canada (KC)
1983
Flag of Venezuela.svg
Caracas
 Brazil (BL)  Canada (KC)  United States (US)
1987
Flag of the United States.svg
Indianapolis
 United States (US)  Canada (KC)  Brazil (BL)

World Champions[edit]

Worlds Fleetrace Championship[9][edit]

Further information: Soling World Championships

Worlds Matchrace Championship[10] (Infanta Cristina)[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Sweden 2 0 0 2
2  Denmark 1 1 1 3
3  United Kingdom 1 0 1 2
4  Germany 1 0 0 1
5  Norway 0 2 0 2
6  France 0 1 1 2
7  United States 0 1 0 1
8  Australia 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands 0 0 1 1
5 5 5 15
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1995
Flag of Canada.svg
Kingston
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Stuart Childerley
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 Denmark (DEN)
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
1996
Flag of Spain.svg
Cadiz
 Sweden (SWE)
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
 Denmark (DEN)
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen-Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
 France (DEN)
Marc Bouet
1998
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Kralingen
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 Australia (AUS)
Neville Wittey
1999
Flag of Australia.svg
Melbourne
 Sweden (SWE)
Hans Wallen
M. Augustsson
Johan Barne
 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
Jim Hartwell
Chris Healy
 Netherlands (NED)
Roy Heiner
Peter Van Niekerk
Dirk de Ridder
2000
Flag of Spain.svg
Cadiz
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Henrik Blakskjær
Thomas Jacobsen
 France (FRA)
Philippe Presti
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Andy Beadsworth
Barry Parkin
Mason

Worlds Masters Championship[11][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Austria 4 2 1 7
2  Germany 3 3 3 9
3  Canada 2 0 1 3
4  Hungary 2 5 4 11
5  United States 0 1 2 3
11 11 11 33
Event Gold Silver Bronze
2002
Flag of Austria.svg
Attersee
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Thomas Beclin
Martin Kendler
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Károly Vezér
 Austria (AUT)
Franz Wageneder
Rudolf Rager
Rudolf Hubauer
2003
Flag of Italy.svg
Lake Garda
 Germany (GER)
Karl Heist
Jacob Carsten
Daniel Diesing
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Peter Németh
 United States (USA)
Stuart H. Walker
Chris Brown
Doug Lousp
2004
Flag of the United States.svg
Wilmette
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Joanne Abbott
Paul Davis
 United States (USA)
Stuart H. Walker
Andrew Dize
Doug Lousp
 United States (USA)
Joe Hoeksema
Mathias Collins
Rose Hoeksema
2005
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Peter Németh
 Hungary (HUN)
Majoross Peter
Farkas Tamas
Izsak Tibor
2006
Flag of Austria.svg
Attersee
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
 Austria (AUT)
Michael Farthofer
Christian Holler
Richard Holler
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Peter Németh
2007
Flag of Italy.svg
Lovere
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
 Germany (GER)
Karl Heist
Simon Heist
Gernot Schreiber
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Peter Németh
2008
Flag of Germany.svg
Prien am Chiemsee
 Germany (GER)
Karl Heist
Simon Heist
Daniel Diesing
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Peter Németh
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
2009
Flag of Austria.svg
Wolfgangsee
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Károly Vezér
Peter Németh
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
 Germany (GER)
Karl Heist
Simon Heist
J.Baptist Lindner
2010
Flag of Germany.svg
Starnbergsee
 Germany (GER)
Uwe Steingroß
Karsten Eller
Tim Gieseke
 Germany (GER)
Karl Heist
Maxl Heist
J.Baptist Lindner
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Károly Vezér
Peter Németh
2011
Flag of Italy.svg
Lovere
 Canada
Peter Hall (CAN)
Frank Lavrsen (DEN)
Berend Vree (NED)
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Károly Vezér
Peter Németh
 Germany (GER)
Jörg Herrmann
Karsten Eller
Tim Gieseke
2012
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonalmadi
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Károly Vezér
Peter Németh
 Germany (GER)
Thomas Maschkiwitz
Stefan Wenzel
Christoph Wossala
 Canada
Peter Hall (CAN)
Steve Lacey (CAN)
Ben Medendorp (NED)

Continental Champions[12][edit]

North American Championship[13][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 9 9 8 24
2  Canada 8 8 7 21
3  Denmark 0 1 0 1
4  Germany 0 0 1 1
 Japan 0 0 1 1
17 18 17 49
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1991
Flag of the United States.svg
Chicago
 United States (USA)
Kevin Mahaney
 United States (USA)
John Kostecki
Input needed
1993
Flag of the United States.svg
Rochester
Input needed  United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
1994
Flag of the United States.svg
Seawanhaka
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
 United States (USA)
Peter Coleman
1996
Flag of the United States.svg
Marblehead
 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
 Denmark (DEN)
Stig Westergaard
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
1997
Flag of the United States.svg
Wilmette
 United States (USA)
Dave Curtis
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott, Jr.
 Canada (CAN)
Dan Brenner
1998
Flag of the United States.svg
Rochester
 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
Chris Healy
Jordan
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Fogh
Michener
 United States (USA)
Rey
Burnham
Brenner
1999
Flag of Canada.svg
Toronto
 United States (USA)
Dave Curtis
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
 Japan (JPN)
Kobun Kuramichi
2000
Flag of the United States.svg
Annapolis
 United States (USA)
Chris Larson
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott, Jr.
 United States (USA)
Jeff Gladchun
2002
Flag of the United States.svg
Wilmette
 United States (USA)
Jorgen Johnsson
Martin Johnsson
Mike Leslie
 United States (USA)
Charlie Kamps
Jon Bailey
Charley Tollefsen
 United States (USA)
Kent Heitzinger
Mike Tennity
Bill Santos
2003
Flag of the United States.svg
Milwaukee
 United States (USA)
Martin Johnsson
Jorgen Johnsson
Augi Hernandez
 United States (USA)
Joe Hoeksema
Rose Hoeksema
Michael Wolf
 United States (USA)
Charlie Kamps
Vytas Kasniunas
Len Deliceat/George Petritz
2004
Flag of the United States.svg
Plattsburgh
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Jim Turvey
Jim Turvey
 United States (USA)
Peter Galloway
Greg Anthony
Paul Steinborn
 United States (USA)
Stuart H. Walker
Chris Brown
Bruce Empey
2005
Flag of Canada.svg
Toronto
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Joanne Abbott
Brad Boston
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
John Kerr
 Canada (CAN)
Bruce Clifford
Chris Tattersall
Matt Abbott
2006
Flag of the United States.svg
Milwaukee
 United States (USA)
Augi Hernandez
Jorgen Johnsson
Martin Johnsson
 United States (USA)
Jim Medley
Marc Hulburt
Chris Roberts
 United States (USA)
Charlie Kamps
Vytus Kasniunas
Jon Bailey
2007
Flag of the United States.svg
Wilmette
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 United States (USA)
Jorgen Johnsson
Martin Johnsson
Augi Hernandez
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
Mike Parsons
Jami Allen
2008
Flag of Canada.svg
Toronto
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
T. Park
 Canada (CAN)
Kevin Brown
Mark Bird
Stephen Jones
2009
Flag of the United States.svg
Plattsburgh
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
Gavin Flynn
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 United States (USA)
Stuart H. Walker
Bruce Empey
Doug Loup
2010
Flag of Canada.svg
Bath
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 United States (USA)
Stuart H. Walker
Bruce Empey
Doug Loup
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
Ross Findlater
2011
Flag of the United States.svg
Milwaukee, Winsconsin
 Canada (CAN)
Manfred Kanter
Blair Tully
Tom Freemann
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
Mike Parsons
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
John Kerr III
Gord Devries
2012
Flag of Canada.svg
Cork, Kingston
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
Paul Davis
William Hall
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott
Joanne Abbott
Scott Banford
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
John Finch
Gord Devries
2013
Flag of the United States.svg
Plattsburgh, New York
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Ross Findlater
Gord Devries
 Canada (CAN)
Bill Abbott
Joanne Abbott
Scott Banford
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
Steve Lacey
William Hall
2014
Flag of Canada.svg
Port Stanley

European Fleetrace Champions[14][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany 8 11 6 25
2  East Germany 5 6 6 17
3  Denmark 5 2 4 11
4  Austria 4 5 3 12
5  Sweden 3 4 3 10
6  Hungary 3 1 3 7
7  Canada 3 2 1 6
 Ukraine 4 1 1 6
9  Soviet Union 2 4 2 8
10  Norway 2 1 4 7
11  Netherlands 1 2 4 7
12  Slovenia 1 1 0 2
 United States 1 1 1 3
14  Argentina 1 0 2 3
15  Brazil 1 0 0 1
 France 1 0 0 1
16  United Kingdom 0 2 0 2
 Russia 0 2 0 2
18  Australia 0 0 2 2
20  Italy 0 0 1 1
44 44 44 133
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1968
Flag of Denmark.svg
Copenhagen
 Norway (N)
Per Spilling
 Netherlands (H)
Geert Bakker
Input needed
1969
Flag of Sweden.svg
Sandhamn
 Sweden (S)
Arved von Grünewaldt
Tommy Nilsson
Anders Nordin
 Sweden (S)
Kellner
 Germany (G)
Norbert Wagner
1970
Flag of Norway.svg
Hankø
 Denmark (D)
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Poul Mik Meyer
 Sweden (S)
Arved von Grünewaldt
Tommy Nilssn
Anders Nordin
 Sweden (S)
Pelle Petterson
1971
Flag of Germany.svg
Travemünde
 Denmark (D)
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
 Soviet Union (SR)
Timur Pinegin
Valentin Samotaikin
Rais Galimov
 Denmark (D)
Jörgensen
1972
Flag of Denmark.svg
Skovshoved
 East Germany (GO)
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
 United Kingdom (K)
John Oakeley
Charles Reynolds
Barry Dunning
 Denmark (D)
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
1973
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Medemblik
 East Germany (GO)
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
 Austria (OE)
Uli Strohschneider
 East Germany (GO)
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
1974
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Clyde
 Germany (G)
Willi Kuhweide
Axel May
Karsten Meyer
 East Germany (GO)
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
 East Germany (GO)
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
1975
Flag of Italy.svg
Alassio
 Sweden (S)
Stig Wennerström
Lennart Roslund
Stefan Krook
 East Germany (GO)
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
 Italy (I)
Albarelli
Di Martino
Guidotti
1976
Flag of Switzerland.svg
Geneva
 East Germany (GO)
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
 Denmark (D)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hermann Hansen
 Austria (OE)
Herbert Raudaschl
1977
Flag of Greece.svg
Athens
 Germany (G)
Fritz Geiss
Gerhard Fehzner
Beck
 Germany (G)
Willi Kuhweide
Axel May
Karsten Meyer
 Denmark (D)
Valdemar Bandolowski
1978
Flag of Germany.svg
Kiel
 Canada (KC)
Hans Fogh
John Kerr
Dennis Toews
 Canada (KC)
Glenn Dexter
Andreas Josenhans
Sandy McMillan
 East Germany (GO)
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
1979
Flag of France.svg
La Rochelle
 Brazil (BL)
Eduardo Ramos
Manfred Kaufman
Thomas Heiman
 Netherlands (H)
Geert Bakker
Pieter Keijzer
Harald de Vlaming
 Sweden (S)
Arved von Grünewaltdt
Tommy Nilsson
Anders Nordin
1980
Flag of Finland.svg
Helsinki
 Soviet Union (SR)
Boris Budnikov
Aleksandr Budnikov
Nikolay Polyakov
 Germany (G)
Willi Kuhweide
Axel May
Karsten Meyer
 Denmark (D)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hermann Hansen
1981
Flag of Austria.svg
Attersee
 Austria (OE)
Michael Farthofer
Georg Vartian
Christian Holler
 East Germany (GO)
Hermann
Decker
Olbricht
 Germany (G)
Fritz Geis
1982
Flag of Denmark.svg
Dragør
 Canada (KC)
Hans Fogh
Richard Jensen
John Kerr
 Soviet Union (SR)
Boris Budnikov
Aleksandr Budnikov
Nikolay Polyakov
 Soviet Union (SR)
Kudraitshev
1983
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Medemblik
 Canada (KC)
Hans Fogh
John Kerr
Steve Calder
 Soviet Union (SR)
Boris Budnikov
Gennadi Strakh
Miron
 East Germany (DDR)
Helmar Nauck
Norbert Hellriegel
Sven Diedering
1984 Not Sailed Due to Olympic Games
1985
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 Norway (N)
Terje Wang
Jan Petterson
Bjørn Selander
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Soviet Union (SR)
Georgi Shayduko
Sergey Kanov
Nikolay Polyakov
1986
Flag of East Germany.svg
Warnemünde
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Sweden (S)
Lennart Persson
Eje Öberg
Tony Wallin
 Germany (G)
Thomas Jungblut
Thomas Maschkiwitz
Kröger
1987
Flag of Sweden.svg
Karlshamn
 Soviet Union (SR)
Georgi Shayduko
Sergey Kanov
Nikolay Polyakov
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Canada (KC)
Hans Fogh
Steve Calder
Hank Lammens
1988
Flag of Italy.svg
Alassio
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 United States (US)
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Bob Billingham|
 Denmark (D)
Jesper Bank
Jan Mathiassen
Steen Secher|
1989
Flag of Norway.svg
Oslo
 Denmark (D)
Jesper Bank
Jesper Seier
Steen Secher|
 Soviet Union (SR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Gennadi Strakh
Nikandrov
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
1990
Flag of Germany.svg
Prien am Chiemsee
 France (F)
Marc Bouet
Fabrice Levet
Alain Pintet
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Netherlands (H)
Roy Heiner
Ed van der Steene
Yska Minks
1991
Flag of France.svg
La Baule
 United States (US)
Dave Curtis
Brad Dellenbaugh
Paul Murphy|
 Sweden (S)
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
 East Germany (DDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
1992
Flag of Italy.svg
Torbole
 Sweden (SWE)
Per Ahlby
Stefan Nordström
Jan-Olov Sandberg
 Austria (AUT)
Michael Luschan
Stefan Lindner
Georg Stadler
 Sweden (SWE)
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
1993
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Portorose
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Germany (GER)
Albert Batzil
Lang
Finch
 Norway (NOR)
Rune Jacobsen
Landucek
Haaland
1994
Flag of Portugal.svg
Vilamoura
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Denmark (DEN)
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
 Australia (AUS)
Ian Walker
1995
Flag of Sweden.svg
Marstrand
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Kræn Nielsen
Thomas Jacobsen
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 Australia (AUS)
Miles
Links
Mayor
1996
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Sergey Kaindrava
Vladimir Korotkov
 Austria (AUT)
Christian Binder
Franky Fellner
Volker Moser
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Károly Vezér
1997
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Troon
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Andy Beadsworth
Barry Parkin
Mason
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
1998
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Izola
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
 Russia (RUS)
Georgi Shayduko
Sergey Voltshkov
Kramskoy
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
1999
Flag of Norway.svg
Sandefjord
 Netherlands (NED)
Roy Heiner
Peter Van Niekerk
Dirk de Ridder
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
2000
Flag of France.svg
La Rochelle
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Henrik Blakskjær
Thomas Jacobsen
 Russia (RUS)
Georgi Shayduko
Oleg Kpherski
Andrei Kiriliuk
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
2001
Flag of Austria.svg
Kammersee
 Austria (AUT)
Christian Binder
Franky Fellner
Volker Moser
 Germany (GER)
Heiko Winkler
Stefan Wenzel
Jens Niemann
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Thomas Beclin
Martin Kendler
2002
Flag of Italy.svg
Castiglione
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Thomas Beclin
Martin Kendler
 Austria (AUT)
Markus Schneeberger
Volker Moser
Christian Panek
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Károly Vezér
2003
Flag of Italy.svg
Torbole
 Hungary (HUN)
Balázs Gyenese
Gyula Monus
Károly Vezér
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Germany (GER)
Karl Haist
Daniel Diesing
Jacob Carsten
2004
Flag of Norway.svg
Tonsberg
 Austria (AUT)
Markus Schneeberger
Volker Moser
Christian Panek
 Slovenia (SLO)
Bostjan Antoncic
Gennadi Strakh
Zeljko Perovic
 Norway (NOR)
Pål Christoffersen
Karl Book
Espen Kamperhaug
2005
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Medemblik
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
 Norway (NOR)
Dag Usterud
Arne Ottestad
Eskil Goldeng
2006
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Ivan Chehlatiy
Sergey Timokhov
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
2007
Flag of Norway.svg
Arendal
 Slovenia (SLO)
Bostjan Antoncic
Gennadi Strakh
Sergey Pichuguin
 Germany (GER)
Thomas Maschkiwitz
Christian Öhler
Christoph Wossala
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Smith
Miguel Lacour
2008
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Netherlands (NED)
Johan Offermans
Bas Dusee
Dominik Meissner
2009
Flag of Italy.svg
Lovere
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Austria (AUT)
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
2010
Flag of France.svg
La Trinite
 Hungary (HUN)
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Smith
Hernan Celedoni
2011
Flag of Austria.svg
Attersee
 Germany (GER)
Uwe Steingross
Karsten Eller
Tim Giesecke
 United States (USA)
Stuart H. Walker
Georg Stadler
Johannes Spitzk
 Austria (AUT)
Johann Kahls
Christian Kahls
Ronnie Zeiler
2012
Flag of Denmark.svg
Arhus
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Rodrigo Ferres
Miguel Lacour
 Germany (GER)
Karl Haist
Martin Zeileis
Patrick Wichmann
 Netherlands (NED)
Rudy den Outer
Gavin Lidlow
Ramzi Souli
2013
Flag of Italy.svg
Castiglione
 Ukraine (UKR)
Igor Yushko
Sergiy Pichugin
Dmitriy Yarmolenka
 Germany (GER)
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 United States (USA)
Charly Kamps
Jeremy McMahon
Toby Kamps
2014
Flag of France.svg
Saint-Pierre-Quiberon
 Germany (GER)
Uwe Steingross
Karsten Eller
Tim Giesecke
 Canada (CAN)
Peter Hall
Stev Lacey
William Hall
 Netherlands (NED)
Rudy den Outer
Gavin Lidlow
Ramzi Souli

European Matchrace Championship[15][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany 2 0 0 2
2  Norway 1 1 1 3
3  United Kingdom 1 0 1 2
4  Ukraine 0 1 1 2
5  Spain 0 1 0 1
4 3 3 10
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1993
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Kralingen
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
Input needed Input needed
1994
1995
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Torbay
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Andy Beadsworth
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Stuart Childerley
1996
1997
Flag of Austria.svg
St. Gilgen
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Dmitriy Yarovoy
Sergey Timokhov
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
1998
Flag of Italy.svg
Torbole
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Spain (ESP)
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
David Vera
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
1999
2000

South American Championship[15][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Brazil 8 9 7 24
2  Argentina 7 7 9 23
3  Uruguay 1 0 0 1
16 16 16 48
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1998
Flag of Brazil.svg
Búzios
 Brazil (BRA)
José Paulo Barcellos
Alessandro Gioia
Daniel Glomb
 Brazil (BRA)
Alan Adler
Marcelo Ferreira
Daniel Adler
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lucio P. Ribeiro
1999
Flag of Brazil.svg
Paranaguá
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Matias Collins
Maximo Smith
 Brazil (BRA)
Alan Adler
Marcelo Ferreira
Daniel Glomb
 Brazil (BRA)
J.P Barcellos
R. Senft
Daniel Adler
2000
Flag of Brazil.svg
Porto Alegre
 Uruguay (URU)
Ricardo Fabini
Meerhoff
Viana
 Brazil (BRA)
Alan Adler
Senft
Penido
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
2001
Flag of Argentina.svg
San Isidro
 Argentina (ARG)
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Ismael Ayerza
 Argentina (ARG)
Miguel Saubidet
Cristian Petersen
Lucas Petersen
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
2002
Flag of Brazil.svg
Porto Alegre
 Brazil (BRA)
Alexandre Paradeda
Caio Vergo
Andre Gick
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Santiago Jost
Maximo Feldtmann
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
2003
Flag of Argentina.svg
San Isidro
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Argentina (ARG)
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Andres Ezcurra
 Brazil (BRA)
Daniel Glomb
Andre Gick
Caio Vergo
2004
Flag of Brazil.svg
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Brazil (BRA)
Daniel Glomb
Andre Gick
Caio Vergo
 Brazil (BRA)
Ernesto Neugebauer
Lucas Ostergren
Adrion Santos
2005
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Punta del Este
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Erich Mones Ruiz
Maximo Smith
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Maximo Feldtmann
2006
Flag of Argentina.svg
San Isidro
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Maximo Feldtmann
2007
Flag of Brazil.svg
Porto Alegre
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Feldtmann
Maximo Smith
 Brazil (BRA)
Andre Wahrlich
Andre Gick
Henrique De Lorenzi
2008
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Punta del Este
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Nicolas
Maximo Smith
 Argentina (ARG)
Martin Busch
Diego Weppler
Juan Pedro Masseroni
2009
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Colonia
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Feldtmann
Maximo Smith
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Martin Busch
Diego Weppler
Zimermann
2010
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Punta del Este
 Brazil (BRA)
Cicero Hartmann
Andre Renard
Flávio Quevedo
 Brazil (BRA)
Guilherme Roth
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Santiago Nottebohm
Pablo Araujo
Lucas Tumulty
2011
Flag of Argentina.svg
Buenos Aires
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Eduardo Coulon
Maximo Smith
 Argentina (ARG)
Alberto Zanetti
Gerardo Della Torre
Ricky Homps
 Argentina (ARG)
Pablo Despontin
Pablo Noceti
Ezequiel Fernandez Sasso
2012
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Punta del Este
 Brazil (BRA)
Andre Wahrlich
Manfredo Floricke
Leonardo Gomes
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Federico Calegari
Juan Lago
2013
Flag of Argentina.svg
Buenos Aires
 Brazil (BRA)
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina (ARG)
Pablo Despontin
Pablo Noceti
Ezequiel Fernandez Sasso
 Argentina (ARG)
Gustavo Warburg
Eduardo Coulon
Maximo Smith
2014
Flag of Brazil.svg
RS
April 17 to 20

National Champions[16][17][edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Licensed Builders[edit]