Solnechnogorsk

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Solnechnogorsk (English)
Солнечногорск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Solnechnogorsk centre.jpg
Sovetskaya Square in Solnechnogorsk
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Solnechnogorsk is located in Moscow Oblast
Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk
Location of Solnechnogorsk in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 56°11′N 36°59′E / 56.183°N 36.983°E / 56.183; 36.983Coordinates: 56°11′N 36°59′E / 56.183°N 36.983°E / 56.183; 36.983
Solnech.png
Flag of Solnechnogorsk (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Solnechnogorsky District[1]
Town Solnechnogorsk[1]
Administrative center of Solnechnogorsky District,[1] Town of Solnechnogorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2011)
Municipal district Solnechnogorsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Solnechnogorsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Solnechnogorsky Municipal District,[2] Solnechnogorsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 52,944 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Town status since 1938[citation needed]
Previous names Solnechnaya Gora (until 1938)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 141501–141508, 141516, 141530
Solnechnogorsk on WikiCommons

Solnechnogorsk (Russian: Солнечного́рск) is a town and the administrative center of Solnechnogorsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Moscow–St. Petersburg Highway and the Moscow–St. Petersburg railway, on the coast of Senezh Lake, 65 kilometers (40 mi) northwest from Moscow. Population: 52,944 (2010 Census);[3] 58,374 (2002 Census);[6] 55,554 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Originally a village named Solnechnaya Gora (Солнечная Гора), it was granted town status and renamed Solnechnogorsk in 1938.[citation needed] During World War II, Solnechnogorsk was briefly occupied by the German Army from November 24 to December 12, 1941. It was one of the towns that was captured in the northern pincer of the attempted German encirclement of Moscow.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Solnechnogorsk serves as the administrative center of Solnechnogorsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-five rural localities, incorporated within Solnechnogorsky District as the Town of Solnechnogorsk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Solnechnogorsk is incorporated within Solnechnogorsky Municipal District as Solnechnogorsk Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry in the town is represented by a metal construction factory, a glass-works, a sports fishing business, holiday homes, sport centers, children's summer camps, and ski lodges.

Culture[edit]

There is a museum of local lore in the town. Not far from Solnechnogorsk is the estate of Shakhmatovo that once belonged to a prominent Russian poet Alexander Blok; a museum of him has been opened there.

Military[edit]

The town is the headquarters for the Main Centre for Missile Attack Warning

Notable people[edit]

The town is the birthplace of the former Soviet hockey player Viktor Shalimov.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #27/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №206-ПГ от 9 сентября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #206-PG of September 9, 2013 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №27/2005-ОЗ от 21 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Солнечногорского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №227/2011-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Солнечногорского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №22, 8 февраля 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #27/2005-OZ of January 21, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Solnechnogorsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #227/2011-OZ of December 29, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Solnechnogorsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).