Solnhofen

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Solnhofen
Coat of arms of Solnhofen
Coat of arms
Solnhofen   is located in Germany
Solnhofen
Solnhofen
Coordinates: 48°53′N 11°0′E / 48.883°N 11.000°E / 48.883; 11.000Coordinates: 48°53′N 11°0′E / 48.883°N 11.000°E / 48.883; 11.000
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Mittelfranken
District Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen
Subdivisions 3 Gemeindeteile
Government
 • Mayor Manfred Schneider
Area
 • Total 13.50 km2 (5.21 sq mi)
Elevation 410 m (1,350 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,709
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 91807
Dialling codes 09145
Vehicle registration WUG
Website www.solnhofen.de

Solnhofen is a municipality in the district of Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen in the region of Franconia in the Land of Bavaria in Germany. It lies within the Altmühl valley.

The Sola Basilica dating from the Carolingian period is one of the finest architectural monuments in Germany.

The local area is renowned in geology for Solnhofen limestone. This is a very fine grained limestone from the Jurassic period which is renowned for its role as a Lagerstätte that preserves detailed fossil specimens. Alois Senefelder used specially prepared blocks of the fine Solnhofen limestone for the process of lithography which he invented in 1798. The quarrying of this lithographic limestone subsequently yielded spectacular finds, including Archaeopteryx, commemorated in the bird's full name Archaeopteryx lithographica. All ten known specimens have come from the Solnhofen area.

As well as celebrating its role as the "hometown" of Archaeopteryx, Solnhofen also commemorates the work of Alois Senefelder with a statue of the inventor.

The Bürgermeister Müller Museum in Solnhofen displays the history of lithography, the story of the limestone quarries and the spectacular fossil finds from the area, including the most recently discovered Archaeopteryx specimen.

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