Solomon Islands general election, 2010
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A general election was held in the Solomon Islands on 4 August 2010. In May 2010, Prime Minister Derek Sikua announced that the election would be held on 4 August, however, this announcement was deemed to be premature, as only the Governor General has the authority to announce the election date upon the advice of the Electoral Commission. In the end, this date was used, however.
There were a total of 509 candidates, including 25 women.
On 11 August 2009, lobbying was reported in progress, as several political groups jockied to form a coalition government. No candidates for the Solomon Islands leadership post of Prime Minister had yet been announced however it appears that three main camps have formed.
The first camp is built around the outgoing government led by Derek Sikua. One of its spokespeople, Matthew Wale, claimed on 13 August that the group has the support of five parties and 30 MPs including the Democratic Party (SIDP, 14 MPs), the National Party (or Nasnol Pati, 3 MPs), the Party for Rural Advancement (SIPRA, 3 MPs), the Liberal Party (2 MPs), the People's Congress Party (PCP, 2 MPs), and six independents. This camp is based at the Heritage Hotel.
A second camp is based around three parties: the Ownership, Unity and Reconciliation (OUR, 4 seats) party, which is led by a former Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare; the Direct Development Party (DDP, 2 MPs), which is led by former Director of the Solomon Islands College of Higher Education (SICHE); and the Reform and Democratic Party (RDP, 2 seats), which is led by a former Deputy Prime Minister Danny Philip. This camp is based at the Pacific Casino Hotel.
A third camp is led by the newly established Independent Democratic Party (IDP), led by Snyder Rini and is based at Honiara Hotel. The IDP's party secretary Leonard Kaitu'u explained that the IDP was the successor to a previous party, the Association of Independent Members. Kaitu'u has suggested that their camp will also get support from the People's Alliance Party (PAP) and the Solomon Islands Party for Rural Advancement (SIPRA). However, it is not clear whether the PAP won any seats in the new parliament and it is possible that SIPRA will decide to join with the Heritage Hotel camp. A spokesman for the group denied that cash incentives were being used to secure members for the coalition.
The event was overseen by international election observers connected with the United Nations International Election Observation Coordination Team. The elections were described as peaceful, although strong concerns were expressed about voter registration irregularities.
25 incumbents were returned and 25 were replaced (including three seats where the incumbent chose not to recontest and one seat that was vacant due to the death of Edward Huni'ehu). Of the 50 MPs, most are relatively inexperienced: 45 have served less than two terms in office. The five long-serving MPs are Job Dudley Tausinga (entering his 7th consecutive term), Danny Philip (5th term), Snyder Rini (4th term), Manasseh Sogavare (4th term) and Gordon Darcy Lilo (3rd term).
|South Choiseul||Elijah Doro Muala||SINP/SIPRA?|
|North West Choiseul||Connelly Sadakabatu||SIDP|
|East Choiseul||Manasseh Sogavare*||OUR|
|North Vella La Vella||Milner Tozaka*||Ind.|
|South Vella La Vella||Lionel Alex||Ind.|
|Gizo/Kolombangara||Gordon Darcy Lilo*||SIPRA|
|West New Georgia - Vona Vona||Silas Tausinga||SIPRA|
|North New Georgia||Job Dudley Tausinga*||SIPRA|
|South New Georgia R&T||Danny Philip*||RDP|
|North Malaita||Jimmy Lusibaea||Ind.|
|Lau Mbaelalea||Walter Folotalu*||SIDP|
|West Kwara'ae||Shemuel Sam Iduri*||SIDP|
|Central Kwara'ae||Fiulaua Jackson||Ind.|
|East Malaita||Manasseh Maelanga*||SIDP|
|East Kwaio||Stanley Festus Sofu*||SIDP|
|West Kwaio||Peter Tom*||SIDP|
|East Are Are||Andrew Hanaria||Ind.|
|West Are Are||John Maneniaru||Ind.|
|Small Malaita||Rick Houenipwela||SIDP|
|Malaita Outer Islands||Martin Kialoe||SIDP|
|Russells and Savo||Dickson Mua Panakitasi||OUR|
|Rennell and Bellona|
|North West Guadalcanal||Horst Heinz Bodo Dettke||Ind.|
|West Guadalcanal||Moses Garu||SIDP|
|South Guadalcanal||David Dei Pacha*||SIDP|
|East Guadalcanal||Bradley Tovosia||Ind.|
|East Central Guadalcanal||Joseph Onika||OUR|
|North East Guadalcanal||Derek Sikua*||SILP|
|North Guadalcanal||Martin Sopaghe*||Ind.|
|Central Guadalcanal||Peter Shanel||OUR|
|East Honiara||Douglas Ete||DDP/RDP|
|Central Honiara||John Moffat Fugui||DDP|
|West Honiara||Namson Tran||Ind.|
|West Makira||Dick Ha'amori||DDP|
|Central Makira||Hypolite Taremae||Ind.|
|East Makira||Alfred Ghiro||SIDP|
|Temotu Pele||Martin Magga*||Ind.|
|Temotu Nende||Cummins Mewa||Ind.|
|Temotu Vatud||Clay Forau Soalaoi*||PFP|
OUR = Ownership, Unity and Responsibility (OUR) Party, SIDP = SI Democratic Party, RDP = Reform Democratic Party, SIPRA = SI Party for Rural Advancement, SINP = SI National Party, DDP = Direct Development Party, RUPP = Rural and Urban Development Party, IDP = Independent Democratic Party, SILP = SI Liberal Party, PCP = People's Congress Party, PFP = People's Federation Party, Ind. = independent (or affiliation unknown)
*Note that returning MPs are marked with an asterisk (*) and that party affiliations are based on the affiliations recorded by the Solomon Islands Electoral Commission (SIEC) and as reported in various news reports. In some cases, MPs have been assigned dual party affiliations where the available reporting is unclear.
In a victory speech following the Prime Ministerial election, Philip stated that his first priority would be to form a new government. He said his government would actively support the country's Constitutional Reform process. This had been one of his central campaign pledges, and the reason why he had formed the Reform Democratic Party.
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- "One Television, 13/08/10". Retrieved 14 August 2010.
- "Leonard Kaitu'u, letter to the editor, Solomon Star, 13/08/10". Retrieved 14 August 2010.
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- "Political "Camps" Kick Start Lobbying Process". Retrieved 12 August 2010. Solomon Times Online, 11 August 2010
- "2010 Solomon Islands Election - Interim Statement". Retrieved 12 August 2010.
- "SIBC election page". Honiara: SIBC. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
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- "RDP candidates". Honiara: Solomon Star. 3 July 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "OUR party candidates". Honiara: Solomon Star. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "Danny Philip is Prime Minister". Solomon Times. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- "Party vows to reform constitution", Island Sun, 12 July 2010
- "PM Philip name ministers", Island Sun, 27 August 2010