Solomon Marcus in 2007.
March 1, 1925 |
|Institutions||University of Bucharest|
|Alma mater||University of Bucharest|
|Doctoral advisor||Miron Nicolescu|
|Doctoral students||Răzvan Andonie
Cristian S. Calude
Liviu P. Dinu
Solomon Marcus (born March 1, 1925) is a Romanian mathematician, member of the Mathematical Section of the Romanian Academy (a full member of the latter since 2001) and Emeritus Professor of the University of Bucharest's Faculty of Mathematics. His main research is in the fields of mathematical analysis, mathematical and computational linguistics and computer science, but he also published numerous papers on various cultural topics: poetics, linguistics, semiotics, philosophy and history of science and education.
Born in Bacău, Romania, he graduated from Ferdinand I High School in 1944, and completed his studies at the University of Bucharest's Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics, in 1949. He obtained his PhD in Mathematics in 1956, with a thesis on the Monotonic functions of two variables, written under the direction of Miron Nicolescu. He was appointed Lecturer in 1955, Associate Professor in 1964, and became a Professor in 1966 (Emeritus in 1991).
Marcus has contributed to the following areas: 1) Mathematical Analysis, Set Theory, Measure and Integration Theory, and Topology; 2) Theoretical Computer Science; 3) Linguistics; 4) Poetics and Theory of Literature; 5) Semiotics; 6) Cultural Anthropology; 7) History and Philosophy of Science; 8) Education.
Marcus published about 50 books in Romanian, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Greek, Hungarian, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, and about 400 research articles in specialized journals in almost all European countries, in the United States, Canada, South America, Japan, India, and New Zealand among others; he is cited by more than a thousand authors, including mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists, literary researchers, semioticians, anthropologists and philosophers.
Marcus wrote a paper together with Paul Erdős ("Sur la décomposition de l'espace euclidien en ensembles homogènes", Acta Math. Acad. Sci. Hungar 8 (1957), 443–452); this gives him an Erdős number of 1.
He is recognised as one of the initiators of mathematical linguistics and of mathematical poetics, and has been a member of the editorial board of tens of international scientific journals covering all his domains of interest.
Marcus is featured in People and Ideas in Theoretical Computer Science. A collection of his papers in English followed by some interviews and a brief autobiography was published in 2007 as Words and Languages Everywhere.
The book "Meetings with Solomon Marcus" (Spandugino Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania, 2010, 1500 pages), edited by Lavinia Spandonide and Gheorghe Păun for Marcus’ 85th birthday, includes recollections by several hundred people from a large variety of scientific and cultural fields, and from 25 countries. It also contains a longer autobiography.
- Solomon Marcus at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Encyclopaedia Unversalis (French), vol. 9, 1971, p. 1057-1059, and vol. 13, 1989, p. 837.
- Brokhaus Encyclopedie (German), XVIIth improved edition, vol. 12, MAI-MOS, Wiesbaden, 1971, p. 255-256.
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, vol. 15, Macmillan, New York-London, 1977, p. 568-569.
- Cristian S. Calude, ed. (1999). People & ideas in Theoretical Computer Science. Springer. pp. 163–176. ISBN 978-981-4021-13-5.
- Solomon Marcus (2007). Words and languages everywhere. Milano: Polimetrica s.a.s. ISBN 978-88-7699-074-8.
- Global Perspectives on Science and Spirituality (GPSS)
- Publication list on his web page, at the "Simion Stoilow" Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian Academy
- International Journal of Computers, Communications & Control, Vol.I (2006), No.1, pp. 73–79, "Grigore C. Moisil: A Life Becoming a Myth", by Solomon Marcus, Editor's note about the author (p. 79)
- Marcus' articles on semiotics at Potlatch
- Solomon Marcus at the University of Bucharest