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- Not to be confused with Somadeva, author of Kathasaritsagara.
Somadeva Suri was a south Indian Jain monk of the 10th century CE (fl. 959-66, possibly born in Bengal region about 920), author of a work known as "Upasakadyayana" "chapter on lay followers (upasakas)", a central work of Digambara shravakacara literature, i.e. instructions and prescriptions for shravakas or Jain followers.
Somadeva Suri also wrote the Nitivakyamrtam "Nectar of the Science of Polity" (ed. Sundaralala Sastri 1976, Menta 1987), a treatise on statecraft. The text of the Nitivakyamrtam mentions that Somadeva was also the author of a literary work called Yashastilaka (see Kavyamala, 70).
He is sometimes regarded as a "revolutionary thinker of early medieval India", in his works he discusses the vices (pratyuhasamuha) which brought to the country the conquest of the Tajikas. It is notable that he describes the use of hydraulics for irrigating a garden.
Somadeva was a disciple of Acharya Nemideva of Devasangha section of Mula Sangh (associated with Akalankadeva). Somadeva composed Yashstilaka in the domain of Vagaraj, a feudatory of Rashtrakuta Krishna III. He is mentioned in copperplate and an inscription of the Chalukya clan.
Vadiraj, author of Yashodhara-charita, and Pushpasena, (the teacher of Vadibhasimha, author of Gadyachintamani, were both disciples of Somadeva Suri.
- Mukund Lath, Somadeva Suri and the question of jain Identiry, Michael Carrithers, Caroline Humphrey, The Assembly of listeners: Jains in society, Cambridge University Press, 1991, ISBN 978-0-521-36505-5, chapter 3.
- Outlook, 2002, Volume 42, Issues 21-29, p. 162
- Nationalism: Its Theory and Principles in India, Parmanand Parashar, Sarup & Sons, 1996 p. 119
- Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 2, Mechanical Engineering, Volume 4 of Physics & Physical Technology PT. 2, Joseph Needham, Cambridge University Press, 1965, p. 362
- A History of Indian Literature: Buddhist literature and Jaina literature, Volume 2, Maurice Winternitz, Motilal Banarsidass Publisher, 1993 p. 515