Somalia women's national football team

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 Somalia
Shirt badge/Association crest
Association Somali Football Federation
Sub-confederation CECAFA (East & Central Africa)
Confederation CAF (Africa)

Somalia women's national football team does not have FIFA recognition and have never played in a single international fixture. They are in a region that faces many challenges for the development of women's sport. Football is the most popular women's sport in the country and teams do exist for women to play on though they are few. Participation rates dropped by a large number in 2006. The sport's governing body in the country is not providing much support for the game and faces its own challenges.

National team[edit]

In 1985, almost no country in the world had a women's national football team,[1] including Somalia who did not have a FIFA recognised senior or youth team by 2006[2] and who have never played in a FIFA sanctioned game.[3] The country has not sent a team to compete in major regional championships including the 2010 African Women's Championships during the preliminary rounds[4] or the 2011 All Africa Games.[5] In March 2012, the team was not ranked in the world by FIFA[6] and did not formally exist.[7]

Background and development[edit]

Women's football in Africa in general faces several challenges, including limited access to education, poverty amongst women in the wider society, and fundamental inequality present in the society that occasionally allows for female specific human rights abuses.[8] At the same time, if quality female players in Africa are developed, many, including Somalis, leave their home countries to seek greater football opportunities in places like Northern Europe or the United States.[9][10] Funding for women's football in Africa is also an issue: Most of the funding for women's football and for the women's national teams comes from FIFA, not the national football association,[9] which in this case is Somali Football Federation who have not established a women's football programme in the country.[11] Future success for women's football in Africa is dependent on improved facilities and access by women to these facilities. Attempting to commercialise the game is not the solution, as demonstrated by the many youth and women's football camps held on the continent leading to improvements in player skill and increased interest in the sport.[12]

Football is the most popular women's sport in the country.[2] In schools, girls and boys do not play mixed football in Somalia.[2] On the adult level, there are 450 teams, 8 of which are available to women to play as mixed gendered teams and 6 which are women only.[2] In 2000, there were 280 registered female players on the junior and senior levels. This data was not kept from 2001 to 2004. In 2005, there were 1,435 registered female players but in 2006, the number dropped dramatically to 220.[2] This can be contrasted to futsal where there were 175 registered female footballers and 440 unregistered footballers in 2006.[2] In 2005, football was seen as a way to potentially help rebuild the country, with the concept having support from Somali women living abroad.[13] Women from Djibouti have been working to help Somali play football. Muslim extremists inside the country have made it difficult for women to play because of restrictions on what women can do. Inside Somalia, women have been completely prohibited from playing any sport.[14] Rights to broadcast the 2011 Women's World Cup in the country were bought by Al Jazeera,[15] despite the government having banned people from watching the men's competition in 2006 which resulted in several deaths.[16][17]

Somali women would like to play football outside the country in places like Melbourne, Australia but cultural and religious norms they have kept from their home country prevent them from doing so. At the same time that women do not play, they are involved with football organisation by taking their children to participate in games and volunteering to work for local clubs where their children are participating in.[18]

Somali Football Federation was founded in 1951 and became a FIFA affiliate in 1962.[2][19] Between 1991 and 2010 in Somalia, there was no FIFA FUTURO III regional course for women's coaching, no women's football seminar held in the country and no FIFA MA course held for women/youth football.[11] The national federation has six full-time staffers dedicated to supporting women's football, and women's football has representation on the federation's committee.[2] In April 2012, the national football association suffered a setback when its president Said Mohamed Nur was killed in a suicide attack that also killed the president of the country's Olympic Organising Committee.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chrös McDougall (1 January 2012). Soccer. ABDO. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-61783-146-1. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h FIFA (2006). Women's Football Today. p. 177. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Somalia: Fixtures and Results". FIFA. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Fixtures — African Women Championship 2010 - CAF". CAF. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Groups & standings — All Africa Games women 2011 - CAF". Cafonline.com. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  6. ^ "The FIFA Women's World Ranking". FIFA.com. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Tanzania yapaa viwango FIFA" (in Swahili). New Habari. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2012. "Nchi nyingine za CECAFA ambazo ni Rwanda, Burundi, Djibouti, Somalia na Sudan hazina soka la wanawake la ushindani kiasi ya kuwa na timu ya taifa." 
  8. ^ Jean Williams (15 December 2007). A Beautiful Game: International Perspectives on Women's Football. Berg. p. 186. ISBN 978-1-84520-674-1. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Gabriel Kuhn (24 February 2011). Soccer Vs. the State: Tackling Football and Radical Politics. PM Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-60486-053-5. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  10. ^ Susan M. Hassig; Zawiah Abdul Latif (30 September 2007). Somalia. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-0-7614-2082-8. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Goal! Football: Somalia". FIFA. 21 April 2009. p. 3. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  12. ^ Peter Alegi (2 March 2010). African Soccerscapes: How a Continent Changed the World's Game. Ohio University Press. ISBN 978-0-89680-278-0. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  13. ^ Emmanuel Muga (2005-04-26). "BBC SPORT | Football | African | Somali boss wants help". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  14. ^ "Women football vastly growing in Djibouti". Hiiraan.com. Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  15. ^ "FIFA Women's World Cup Germany 2011TM Media Rights Licensees". FIFA. 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  16. ^ "Somali Islamic militiamen enforcing increasingly radical rules — Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  17. ^ "Somali Islamist whip women for wearing bras — Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  18. ^ Ram N Spaaij (1 March 2011). Sport and Social Mobility. Taylor & Francis. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-1-136-70246-4. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  19. ^ "Goal! Football: Somalia". FIFA. 21 April 2009. p. 1. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  20. ^ Mohamed Dhore (2012-04-04). "BBC News — Somalia theatre bombing kills top sports officials". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-22.