Somatostatin receptor 4

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Somatostatin receptor 4
Identifiers
Symbols SSTR4 ; SS-4-R; SS4-R; SS4R
External IDs OMIM182454 MGI105372 HomoloGene20286 IUPHAR: 358 ChEMBL: 1853 GeneCards: SSTR4 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE SSTR4 214556 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 6754 20608
Ensembl ENSG00000132671 ENSMUSG00000037014
UniProt P31391 P49660
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001052 NM_009219
RefSeq (protein) NP_001043 NP_033245
Location (UCSC) Chr 20:
23.04 – 23.04 Mb
Chr 2:
148.4 – 148.4 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Somatostatin receptor type 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SSTR4 gene.[1][2]

Somatostatin acts at many sites to inhibit the release of many hormones and other secretory proteins. The biologic effects of somatostatin are probably mediated by a family of G protein-coupled receptors that are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. SSTR4 is a member of the superfamily of receptors having seven transmembrane segments and is expressed in highest levels in fetal and adult brain and lung.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rohrer L, Raulf F, Bruns C, Buettner R, Hofstaedter F, Schule R (Jun 1993). "Cloning and characterization of a fourth human somatostatin receptor". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90 (9): 4196–200. doi:10.1073/pnas.90.9.4196. PMC 46473. PMID 8483934. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: SSTR4 somatostatin receptor 4". 

Further reading[edit]

  • Patel YC (1999). "Somatostatin and its receptor family". Frontiers in neuroendocrinology 20 (3): 157–98. doi:10.1006/frne.1999.0183. PMID 10433861. 
  • Yamada Y; Post SR; Wang K et al. (1992). "Cloning and functional characterization of a family of human and mouse somatostatin receptors expressed in brain, gastrointestinal tract, and kidney". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89 (1): 251–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.89.1.251. PMC 48214. PMID 1346068. 
  • Demchyshyn LL; Srikant CB; Sunahara RK et al. (1993). "Cloning and expression of a human somatostatin-14-selective receptor variant (somatostatin receptor 4) located on chromosome 20". Mol. Pharmacol. 43 (6): 894–901. PMID 8100352. 
  • Yasuda K; Espinosa R; Davis EM et al. (1993). "Human somatostatin receptor genes: localization of SSTR5 to human chromosome 20p11.2". Genomics 17 (3): 785–6. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1410. PMID 8244401. 
  • Yamada Y; Kagimoto S; Kubota A et al. (1993). "Cloning, functional expression and pharmacological characterization of a fourth (hSSTR4) and a fifth (hSSTR5) human somatostatin receptor subtype". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 195 (2): 844–52. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1993.2122. PMID 8373420. 
  • Kaupmann K; Bruns C; Hoyer D et al. (1993). "Distribution and second messenger coupling of four somatostatin receptor subtypes expressed in brain". FEBS Lett. 331 (1–2): 53–9. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(93)80296-7. PMID 8405411. 
  • Yamada Y; Stoffel M; Espinosa R et al. (1993). "Human somatostatin receptor genes: localization to human chromosomes 14, 17, and 22 and identification of simple tandem repeat polymorphisms". Genomics 15 (2): 449–52. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1088. PMID 8449518. 
  • Xu Y, Song J, Bruno JF, Berelowitz M (1993). "Molecular cloning and sequencing of a human somatostatin receptor, hSSTR4". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 193 (2): 648–52. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1993.1673. PMID 8512564. 
  • Fukusumi S; Kitada C; Takekawa S et al. (1997). "Identification and characterization of a novel human cortistatin-like peptide". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 232 (1): 157–63. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.6252. PMID 9125122. 
  • de Lecea L; Ruiz-Lozano P; Danielson PE et al. (1997). "Cloning, mRNA expression, and chromosomal mapping of mouse and human preprocortistatin". Genomics 42 (3): 499–506. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.4763. PMID 9205124. 
  • Jaïs P; Terris B; Ruszniewski P et al. (1997). "Somatostatin receptor subtype gene expression in human endocrine gastroentero-pancreatic tumours". Eur. J. Clin. Invest. 27 (8): 639–44. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2362.1997.1740719.x. PMID 9279525. 
  • Sharma K, Patel YC, Srikant CB (1999). "C-terminal region of human somatostatin receptor 5 is required for induction of Rb and G1 cell cycle arrest". Mol. Endocrinol. 13 (1): 82–90. doi:10.1210/me.13.1.82. PMID 9892014. 
  • Forssell-Aronsson EB; Nilsson O; Bejegård SA et al. (2000). "111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide binding and somatostatin receptor subtypes in thyroid tumors". J. Nucl. Med. 41 (4): 636–42. PMID 10768564. 
  • Zatelli MC; Tagliati F; Taylor JE et al. (2001). "Somatostatin receptor subtypes 2 and 5 differentially affect proliferation in vitro of the human medullary thyroid carcinoma cell line tt". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 86 (5): 2161–9. doi:10.1210/jc.86.5.2161. PMID 11344221. 
  • Talme T; Ivanoff J; Hägglund M et al. (2001). "Somatostatin receptor (SSTR) expression and function in normal and leukaemic T-cells. Evidence for selective effects on adhesion to extracellular matrix components via SSTR2 and/or 3". Clin. Exp. Immunol. 125 (1): 71–9. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2249.2001.01577.x. PMC 1906108. PMID 11472428. 
  • Pasquali D; Notaro A; Esposito D et al. (2002). "[Somatostatin receptor genes expression and effects of octreotide on orbital fibroblasts from Graves' ophthalmopathy]". Minerva Endocrinol. 26 (3): 175–9. PMID 11753241. 
  • Deloukas P; Matthews LH; Ashurst J et al. (2002). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20". Nature 414 (6866): 865–71. doi:10.1038/414865a. PMID 11780052. 
  • Papotti M; Bongiovanni M; Volante M et al. (2002). "Expression of somatostatin receptor types 1-5 in 81 cases of gastrointestinal and pancreatic endocrine tumors. A correlative immunohistochemical and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis". Virchows Arch. 440 (5): 461–75. doi:10.1007/s00428-002-0609-x. PMID 12021920. 

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.