Sombor

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This article is about the city in Serbia. For the city in Ukraine, see Sambir.
Sombor
Сомбор
City
Coat of arms of Sombor
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Sombor within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Sombor within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°47′N 19°07′E / 45.783°N 19.117°E / 45.783; 19.117Coordinates: 45°47′N 19°07′E / 45.783°N 19.117°E / 45.783; 19.117
Country  Serbia
Province  Vojvodina
District West Bačka
City status 17 February 1749
Settlements 16
Government
 • Mayor Sasa Todorovic
Area[1]
 • Municipality 1,178 km2 (455 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 47,623
 • Municipality 85,903
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 25000
Area code +381 25
Car plates SO
Website www.sombor.rs

Sombor (Serbian: Сомбор / Sombor pronounced [sɔ̂mbɔr]) is a city located in the province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The city has a total population of 47,623 (as of 2011), while its administrative area (including neighboring villages) has 85,903 inhabitants. It is the administrative center of the West Bačka District.

Name and etymology[edit]

In Serbian, the city is known as Sombor (Сомбор), in Hungarian and German as Zombor, in Croatian and Bunjevac as Sombor, in Rusyn as Zombor (Зомбор), and in Turkish as Sonbor.

The older Hungarian name for the city was Czoborszentmihály. The name originates from the Czobor family, who were the owners of this area in the 14th century (The family name came from the Slavic name Cibor). The Serbian name for the city (Sombor) also came from the family name Czobor, and was first recorded in 1543, although the city was mentioned in historical documents under several more names, such as Samobor, Sambor, Sambir, Sonbor, Sanbur, Zibor, and Zombar.

An unofficial Serbian name used for the city is Ravangrad (Раванград), which means "flat town" in English.

History[edit]

Serbian Orthodox church
Main pedestrian street

The first historical record about the city is from 1340. The city was administered by the Kingdom of Hungary until the 16th century, when it became part of the Ottoman Empire. During the establishment of Ottoman authority, local Hungarian population left from this region. During the Ottoman administration, the city was populated mostly by ethnic Serbs.[3] It was called "Sonbor" during Ottoman administration and was a kaza centre in Sanjak of Segedin at first in Budin Province till 1596, and then in Eğri Province between 1596 and 1687.

In 1665, a well-known traveller, Evlia Celebi, visited Sombor and wrote: "All the folk (in the city) are not Hungarian, but Wallachian-Christian (Serb[3]). These places are something special; they do not belong to Hungary, but are a part of Bačka and Wallachia. Most of the inhabitants are traders, and all of them wear frontiersmen clothes; they are very polite and brave people." According to Celebi, the city had 200 shops, 14 mosques and about 2,000 houses.

Since 1687, the city was under Habsburg administration, and was included into the Habsburg Military Frontier. In 1717, the first Orthodox elementary school was opened. Five years later a Roman Catholic elementary school was opened as well. In 1745 Sombor was excluded from the Military Frontier and was included into Bacsensis County. In 1749 Sombor gained royal free city status. In 1786, the city became the seat of Bacsensis-Bodrogiensis County. According to 1786 data, the population of the city numbered 11,420 people, mostly Serbs.

According to the 1843 data, Sombor had 21,086 inhabitants, of whom 11,897 were Orthodox Christians, 9,082 Roman Catholics, 56 Jewish, and 51 Protestants. The main language spoken in the city at this time was Serbian, and the second largest language was German. In 1848/1849, Sombor was part of the Serbian Vojvodina, a Serb autonomous region within Austrian Empire, while between 1849 and 1860, it was part of the Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat, a separate Austrian crown land. Sombor was a seat of the district within voivodship. After the abolishment of this crown land, Sombor again became the seat of the Bacsensis-Bodrogiensis (Bács-Bodrog, Bačka-Bodrog) County.

Holy Trinity Square in 1941

According to the 1910 census, the population of Sombor was 30,593 people, of whom 11,881 spoke the Serbian language, 10,078 spoke the Hungarian language, 6,289 spoke the Bunjevac language, 2,181 spoke the German language.

In 1918, Sombor became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). Between 1918 and 1922 it was part of Bačka County, between 1922 and 1929 part of Bačka Oblast, and between 1929 and 1941 part of Danube Banovina.

In 1941, city was occupied by the Axis powers and annexed by Hungary. Many prominent citizen from Serbian community were interned and later executed. In 1944, Yugoslav partisans and Soviet Red Army expelled Axis forces from the city. Since 1944, Sombor was part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina of the new Socialist Yugoslavia and (since 1945) socialist Serbia. Today, Sombor is the seat of the West Bačka District.

Historical population of the town[edit]

  • 1961: 37,760
  • 1971: 44,100
  • 1981: 48,454
  • 1991: 48,993
  • 2002: 51,471
  • 2011: 47,623

Inhabited places[edit]

Sombor
Municipality
of Sombor

Flag of Serbia.svg
Map of Sombor municipality
Neighborhoods of urban Sombor
Local communities of urban Sombor

City and villages[edit]

Sombor municipality includes the city of Sombor and the following villages:

Other suburban settlements[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the Sombor administrative area[edit]

The population of the Sombor administrative area (as of 2011) is composed of:[4]

Settlements by ethnic majority[edit]

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority (in 2002) are: Sombor, Aleksa Šantić, Gakovo, Kljajićevo, Kolut, Rastina, Riđica, Stanišić, Stapar, and Čonoplja. Settlements with Croat/Šokac ethnic majority (in 2002) are: Bački Breg and Bački Monoštor. Settlements with Hungarian ethnic majority (in 2002) are: Bezdan, Doroslovo, and Telečka. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Hungarian majority is Svetozar Miletić.

Ethnic groups in the town of Sombor[edit]

The population of the Sombor town is composed of (2011 census):[4]

Culture[edit]

Building of former Sombor Norma where first civil school in Serbian language was established.
Carmelite monastery and church in the centre of the town.

Sombor is famous for its greenery, cultural life and beautiful 18th and 19th century center. The most important cultural institutions are the National Theater, the Regional Museum, the Modern Art Gallery, the Milan Konjović Art Gallery, the Teacher's College, the Serbian Reading House, and the Grammar School. Teacher's College, founded in 1778, is the oldest college in Serbia and the region.

Sombor's rich history includes the oldest institution for higher education in the Serbian language. The town is also home of numerous minority organisations, including the Hungarian Pocket Theater Berta Ferenc, the Croatian Society Vladimir Nazor, the Jewish Municipality and several other smaller organisations including German and Romani clubs.

There are two monasteries in this city:

Local media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • Somborske novine[5]

TV stations[edit]

  • K-54
  • Spektar[6]
  • RTV Sreće[7]

Radio stations[edit]

  • Radio Marija (95,7)
  • Radio Sombor (97.5)[8]
  • Radio Fortuna (106.6)

Internet media[edit]

  • SOinfo.org[9]

Sports[edit]

Radnički Sombor is the main football club from the city.

ŽRK Ravangrad Sombor is the main handball club from city.

Twin cities[edit]

Twin cities:

Regional cooperation:

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[10]

Climate data for Sombor
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
5
(41)
11
(51)
17
(62)
22
(71)
24
(75)
28
(82)
28
(82)
24
(75)
17
(62)
8
(46)
4
(39)
15.9
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(26)
−3
(26)
1
(33)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
10
(50)
5
(41)
1
(33)
−1
(30)
5.5
(41.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
36
(1.4)
56
(2.2)
64
(2.5)
84
(3.3)
66
(2.6)
61
(2.4)
53
(2.1)
43
(1.7)
58
(2.3)
80
(3)
672
(26.3)
Source: Weatherbase [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links[edit]