Somerset County Council
|Somerset County Council|
Coat of arms
David Fothergill (Conservative)
|First past the post|
|2 May 2013|
|4 May 2017|
|County Hall, Taunton|
Somerset County Council (established in 1889) is the county council of Somerset in the South West of England, an elected local government authority responsible for the most significant local government services in most of the county.
From 1889 the County Council administered the whole ceremonial county of Somerset, except for the county borough of Bath. With the creation of the county of Avon in 1974, a large part of the north of the county (now the unitary authorities of North Somerset and Bath and North East Somerset) was taken out of Somerset and moved into the new county. However, Avon was disbanded on 1 April 1996 and the two new administratively independent unitary authorities were established.
County Councils were first introduced in England and Wales with full powers from 22 September 1889 as a result of the Local Government Act 1888, taking over administrative functions until then carried out by the unelected Quarter Sessions. The areas they covered were termed administrative counties and were not in all cases identical to the traditional shire counties, but in Somerset the whole 'ceremonial county' came under the authority of the new council.
The new system of local democracy was a significant development and reflected the increasing range of functions carried out by local government in late Victorian Britain. Schools (both primary and secondary) were added to the County Council's responsibilities in 1902, and until the 1990s it was also responsible for operating Colleges of Further Education.
Until 1974, Somerset had a large number of urban district and rural district councils. In 1974, local government was reorganized in England and Wales generally, and in Somerset the former urban and rural districts were amalgamated into a much smaller number of district councils.
In 2007, proposals to merge the surviving district councils with the county council into a single unitary authority were rejected at a referendum following local opposition and were subsequently abandoned by the Department for Communities and Local Government.
Somerset County Council is responsible for the more strategic local services of Somerset, with a changing pattern of lower-tier authorities existing alongside it within its area and responsible for other more local services, such as waste collection. The Council provides a wide range of services, including education (schools, libraries and youth services), social services, highway maintenance, waste disposal, emergency planning, consumer protection and town and country planning for matters to do with minerals, waste, highways and education. This makes it one of the largest employers in Somerset. The Council outsourced some work to a joint venture with IBM, SouthWest One, created in 2007. In September 2012 the Council prepared to sue Southwest One as a result of a procurement quality dispute.
Somerset County Council operates the local government cabinet system which was introduced by the Local Government Act 2000. Previously called the "Executive Board", the Cabinet consists of six county councillors and is the county council's main decision making body, taking most important decisions about its functions. Each of the members of the Cabinet is directly responsible for a particular area of county council activities.
The first elections to the new county council were held on 23 January 1889. Since then, members have been elected for a term of office (initially three years, now four), with elections held all together on the "first past the post" system.
Until the early 1970s, the County Council still included aldermen. Of a total of 92 members, 69 were elected every three years by ratepayers, and 23 were aldermen, chosen by the 69 elected members. The aldermen served for six years, so after each triennial election either eleven or twelve were appointed, these numbers alternating. Until 1910, the outgoing aldermen could also vote on such appointments. As voting members of the council, aldermen were finally abolished in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, so that there are now only the elected members, each of the fifty-five present county divisions electing a single member.
Elections to the county council in May 2013 returned Councillors in the following numbers: - 29 Conservatives, 18 Liberal Democrats, three Labour members, three UKIP members and two independents. The council is led by John Osman (Conservative). One of the UKIP Councillors joined the Independent Group in February 2014.
|Source: Election results at Somerset County Council website|
- Henry Hobhouse (from the 1890s), later Chairman of Council, also Member of Parliament for East Somerset
- Arthur Hobhouse (1925–1947), previously Member of Parliament for Wells, Chairman of Council 1940–1947
- Geoffrey Waldegrave, 12th Earl Waldegrave (first elected 1937)
- Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Slessor (1963–1974), previously Chief of the Air Staff
- Richard Needham 1967–1974), later Member of Parliament for North Wiltshire
- Jackie Ballard (1993–1997), later Member of Parliament for Taunton
- Sir Chris Clarke (1985–2005), Leader of the council from 1993 to 2001
- Elizabeth Gass, Lady Gass, member 1985 to 1997, later Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
- David Heath (1985–1997), later Member of Parliament for Somerton and Frome
- Susan Miller, Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer (1989–2005), Liberal Democrat spokesman on Home Affairs
- Robin Bush (1997–2009), Chairman of Council 2001–2005, also a historian
- High Sheriff of Somerset
- Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
- List of civil parishes in Somerset
- List of places in Somerset
- Key Political Figures at somerset.gov.uk
- Keane, Patrick (1973). "An English County and Education: Somerset, 1889–1902". The English Historical Review 88 (347): 286–311. doi:10.1093/ehr/LXXXVIII.CCCXLVII.286.
- "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- Edwards, John (1955). 'County' in Chambers's Encyclopedia. LONDON: George Newnes. pp. 189–191.
- "A unitary council for Somerset". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Working for Somerset". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- Ballard, Mark (31 August 2012). "Somerset Council braces for lawsuit from Southwest One shared service venture". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- "Southwest One sues Somerset County Council". BBC News. 5 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- "Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Authority".
- Cabinet page at somerset.gov.uk, accessed 11 August 2011
- Cabinet Members' Responsibilities November 2010 at somerset.gov.uk, accessed 11 August 2011
- About the Council and its Constitution at somerset.gov.uk, accessed 11 August 2011
- Geoffrey Boumphrey, Somerset (1963), p. 168 online at books.google.co.uk
- Christine Bellamy, Administering central-local relations, 1871-1919, p. 77
- Obituary Sir Arthur Hobhouse: A long record of public service in The Times, 21 January 1965
- Tributes paid, 12/17/2009 by Firstonline
- Sir Chris Clarke, editorial dated 16 December 2009 at aldc.org
- ‘GASS, Elizabeth Periam Acland Hood, (Lady Gass)’, in Who's Who 2012 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
- Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer at libdems.org.uk