Somerset Hospital (Cape Town)

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Somerset Hospital
Western Cape Department of Health
Somerset Hospital Cape Town.jpg
Somerset Hospital (Cape Town) is located in Cape Town
Somerset Hospital (Cape Town)
Shown in Cape Town
Geography
Location Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Coordinates 33°54′17″S 18°25′01″E / 33.9047°S 18.4169°E / -33.9047; 18.4169Coordinates: 33°54′17″S 18°25′01″E / 33.9047°S 18.4169°E / -33.9047; 18.4169
Organisation
Care system Department of Health
Funding Public hospital
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Cape Town
History
Founded 1818
Links
Lists Hospitals in South Africa

The Somerset Hospital in the Green Point area of Cape Town, South Africa opened in 1864 and has been declared a provincial heritage site.[1]

The hospital replaced one of the same name in Chiapinni Street,[1] which had been founded by Dr Samuel Bailey in 1818 as the first civilian hospital in Cape Town.[2] It was named after Lord Charles Somerset the governor of the Cape Colony who gave land for the construction.[3] The Chavonnes Battery was used as an isolation and convalescent wing.[4]

The cornerstone for the new hospital was laid on 18 August 1859 by the Cape Governor Sir George Grey.[5] In addition to the appointment of medical staff, nurses were recruited from the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, St Thomas' Hospital in London including Sister Helen Bowden, who in 1877 became the first fully qualified nurse to be appointed as Matron of Somerset Hospital. Subsequently the hospital established its own nurse training school,[3] becoming the first hospital to train non-white nurses.[6]

From 1918 until 1937, when the Groote Schuur Hospital opened it was the main academic hospital of the University of Cape Town.[1] A new West Wing opened in 1973 for white patients.[7] The old building was renamed the north wing, not because of their position but the N meant for non-white patients and the W of West Wing signified that it was for Whites.[3] The high incidence of HIV infections amongst the patients led to the establishment of the hospital as a prime referral centre for the treatment of AIDS and the first antiretroviral distribution centre was established there in 2005.[3]

Since then various plans have been announced for the development of the grounds including hotels, offices and residential accommodation.[8] The hospital is also home to the Cape Medical Museum.[9][10]

In 2008 the hospital appealed for funds from local businesses to establish a new trauma unit and a ward for women suffering from a spontaneous miscarriage.[11] In 2010 it opened a new measles ward following a rise in measles cases in Cape Town.[12] In 2010 a studio was built, along with its own lift, on the top of the hospital for use by BBC presenters during 2010 FIFA World Cup matches at the nearby stadium.[13] Additionally in 2010 plans were announced to move the hospital to a new site in the northern sector of the city, to serve the densely populated West Coast region.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "New Somerset Hospital". University of Cape Town. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Worden, Nigel; E. Van Heyningen, Vivian Bickford-Smith (1998). Cape Town: the making of a city : an illustrated social history. pp. 122–23. ISBN 978-90-6550-161-5. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Levy, Norman (June 2010). "Somerset Hospital: South Africa’s oldest hospital". South African Medical Journal 100 (6). Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "V&A Waterfront, Cape Town". SA Venues. Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hospital Celebrates 150 years - Open Day (17 April)". WhatsOn SA. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "New Somerset Hospital Celebrates 150 Years". Cape Gateway. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "South Africa's oldest hospital". South African Medical Journal 100 (6). June 2010. ISSN 0256-9574. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  8. ^ "Somerset Hospital precinct plans unveiled". Cape Town government. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "Culture and Heritage". Cape Town. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Cape Medical Museum". RSA Overseas.com. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Cape Town's Somerset Hospital in urgent need of funds". Biz Community .com. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "Update on Somerset hospital measles ward". South African Government. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Jones, Barbara (6 June 2010). "Take three flights of stairs? Not us: BBC spends thousands on lift to whisk World Cup presenters to studio". London: Daily Mail. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  14. ^ Makinana, Andisiwe. "Somerset Hospital to Move". All Africa.com. Retrieved 24 September 2010.