Somerset West

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Somerset West
Somerset-Wes
Aerial view of Somerset West with Hottentots-Holland Mountains and the Steenbras Dam in the background
Aerial view of Somerset West with Hottentots-Holland Mountains and the Steenbras Dam in the background
Somerset West is located in South Africa
Somerset West
Somerset West
 Somerset West shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 34°05′S 18°51′E / 34.083°S 18.850°E / -34.083; 18.850Coordinates: 34°05′S 18°51′E / 34.083°S 18.850°E / -34.083; 18.850
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
Municipality City of Cape Town
Established 1822
Government
 • Councillors Benedicta van Minnen (Ward 15); Stuart Bruce Pringle (Ward 84)
Area[1]
 • Total 61.37 km2 (23.70 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 55,166
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 13.0%
 • Coloured 24.5%
 • Indian/Asian 0.9%
 • White 60.1%
 • Other 1.6%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 52.3%
 • English 37.5%
 • Xhosa 4.8%
 • Other 5.3%
Postal code (street) 7130
PO box 7129
Area code +27 (0)21
Somerset West from Sir Lowry's Pass. The mountain in the picture is Helderberg. In this view most of Somerset West urban area is hidden by the hill Schapenberg.

Somerset West (Afrikaans: Somerset-Wes) is a town in the Western Cape, South Africa. Organisationally and administratively it is included in the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality. It is situated in the Helderberg area (formerly called Hottentots Holland), about 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of Cape Town central city area, and 10 kilometres (6 mi) from Strand. The town is overlooked by the Helderberg (meaning "clear mountain"), a part of the Hottentots-Holland range of mountains. The vehicle registration code for Somerset West is CFM and the post code is 7130 for street addresses, and 7129 for post office boxes.

History[edit]

The Old Lourens River Bridge is a provincial heritage site.

The land was initially bought* from local people and a cattle post was established here by Dutch soldiers in 1672.(*reference?)

A town developed around the Lourens River (originally "Tweederivier", which means "Second River"; "Eersterivier", meaning "First River" passes through Stellenbosch, some 16 km to the north) and the farm of Vergelegen (Dutch: "remotely situated"), an 18th-century farmhouse built in the historic Cape Dutch style by Willem Adriaan van der Stel, governor of the Cape and son of Simon van der Stel, who gave his name to the nearby town of Stellenbosch. Willem Adriaan was later sent back to Holland after being charged with corruption and cruelty towards local Dutch farmers. The farm is now owned by a subsidiary of the large mining company Anglo American, who have restored the farmhouse to its original magnificence and continue to produce some of South Africa's best wines there. The farm is open to tourists.

Somerset West was founded in 1822 on part of the historic farm, Vergelegen.[2] The town was named Somerset after an English governor of the Cape Colony during the 1800s, Lord Charles Henry Somerset, with the suffix 'West' being added after 1825 to differentiate it from Somerset East, another South African town in the Eastern Cape. In the 1830s, Sir Lowry's Pass, named after later governor Sir Lowry Cole, was constructed to link the town with outposts further east over the Hottentots-Holland mountains.

In the 1960s, the AECI factory between Somerset West and Strand was the second largest dynamite factory in the world.

Local attractions[edit]

Somerset West lies in the Helderberg Basin, surrounded by an amphitheatre of mountains, between the Cape Winelands and False Bay. Every December, the town has a fairly decorative display of Christmas lights erected atop the street lights of the Main Road. The Helderberg Lights Festival (aka the Strawberry Festival), a flea market and parade, normally complements these lights.

The area also has its own community radio station, Radio Helderberg, broadcasting community notices and playing adult orientated pop music.

The Helderberg Nature Reserve, a 363 hectare natural wildlife preserve opened in 1964, contains a wide variety of smaller fauna (buck, tortoises and other reptiles) and outstanding specimens of indigenous flora such as protea and fynbos.

The Vergelegen Wine Estate lies just outside the town itself. The buildings on the estate constitute fine examples of Cape Dutch architecture.

The Lwandle Migrant Labour Museum is located in Lwandle Township and is dedicated to the history of Black migrant workers in the area during the apartheid era. It is one of only a few museums in South Africa that covers this aspect of the country's history.

Somerset West contains a number of sporting facilities including several golf courses.

The historic town of Stellenbosch is reachable via the R44 motorway (approx 18 km/11 mi away). The area between Somerset West and Stellenbosch also encompasses many vineyards and wineries (e.g. Rust-en-Vrede, Lourensford, Alto, J.P. Bredell) where visitors can sample and purchase wine. The oldest remaining vineyard in South Africa, Vergelegen, is situated on the outskirts of Somerset West.

In recent years many guest houses and B&Bs have opened up in Somerset West, since it is conveniently located for Cape Town (40 kilometres (25 mi) away on the N2 motorway), the beaches at the Strand and Gordon's Bay, as well as the Western Cape's numerous wine farms.

Education[edit]

The town has a range of primary and secondary educational facilities.

Primary schools

High schools

List of suburbs[edit]

Westridge

Famous persons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Somerset West". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Sandra Olivier (2005). Touring in South Africa. Struik. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-77007-142-1. Retrieved 2013-09-20.