Sommières

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Sommières, France
Vidourle and the Roman Bridge
Vidourle and the Roman Bridge
Coat of arms of Sommières, France
Coat of arms
Sommières, France is located in France
Sommières, France
Sommières, France
Coordinates: 43°47′07″N 4°05′27″E / 43.7853°N 4.0908°E / 43.7853; 4.0908Coordinates: 43°47′07″N 4°05′27″E / 43.7853°N 4.0908°E / 43.7853; 4.0908
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Gard
Arrondissement Nîmes
Canton Sommières
Intercommunality Pays de Sommières
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Guy Marotte
Area
 • Land1 10.36 km2 (4.00 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 4,510
 • Population2 density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 30321 / 30250
Elevation 19–106 m (62–348 ft)
(avg. 34 m or 112 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sommières is a commune in the Gard department in southern France.

It lies 22 km (14 mi) from Nîmes, 28 km (17 mi) from Montpellier.

Geography[edit]

Sommières is to the south of the garrigues and on the edge of the Vaunage, a wine growing region. It straddles the River Vidourle.

History[edit]

The village grew in the protection of the castle. It was annexed into the French kingdom by King Louis X in 1248, following the crusade against the Albigensiens. It became a Protestant stronghold, and it was besieged by the Catholics in 1573 and again by Louis XIII in 1622. It has always been prone to flooding, and as recently as 2002 the River Vidourle flooded, causing major damage to the town and properties along the bank. This time it washed out the Champion supermarket, which reopened at Villevieille in July 2008. In October 2008 this supermarket was rebranded Carrefour. The floods are called 'vidourlades'.[1]

Siege of Sommières 1573[edit]

The Fourth War of Religion (1562–98) started with the St Bartholomew's Day massacre and finished with the Edict of Nantes. The catholic forces were trying to suppress the Huguenots in this one of their strongholds. Marshall Damville laid siege to Sommières for the second time on 11 February 1573, and the garrison held out 9 April, resisting the attackers with red hot iron and boiling oil. Though nominally a royal victory, the defenders were offered generous terms, including the right for the garrison to march out with full honours of war. The Siege of Sommières delayed the advance of the royal army by two months and is calculated to have cost them 2500 lives. Only 38 houses remained standing [2]

Siege of Sommières 1622[edit]

This time the catholic king himself led the army. The siege was short. The town was back in Protestant hands in 1625 when the Protestant Duke of Rohan entered the city.He was to leave in haste and the Catholics were back. In 1703, Jean Cavalier the leader of the Camisards with a force of 800 men unsuccessfully attempted to take the city. The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes left the Protestants in a dangerous situation- and the chateau at Sommières was used as to incarcerate them- along with English and Dutch sailors and women accused of prostitution.[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 231 —    
1800 171 −26.0%
1806 204 +19.3%
1821 164 −19.6%
1831 241 +47.0%
1841 264 +9.5%
1851 282 +6.8%
1861 244 −13.5%
1872 226 −7.4%
1881 324 +43.4%
1891 221 −31.8%
1901 219 −0.9%
1911 172 −21.5%
1921 146 −15.1%
1931 152 +4.1%
1946 130 −14.5%
1954 122 −6.2%
1962 121 −0.8%
1968 117 −3.3%
1975 108 −7.7%
1982 111 +2.8%
1990 116 +4.5%
1999 133 +14.7%
2006 140 +5.3%
2011 152 +8.6%

Sights[edit]

The village has a Roman bridge, a medieval centre, a fortified gate and the ruins of a castle.

The Roman bridge is 190m long, it was built on the instructions of Emperor Tiberius at the start of the 1st century. It was restored in the 18th century.[4] At the town end of the bridge is the gothic town gate known as the 'Tour de l'Horloge'.[1] Only 7 of the 19 arches can be seen, the others lie beneath the town where they act as cellars.

The ancient Roman road (Via Luteva) leads from the gate, along the Grande Rue to the 'Marché-Haut' or Place Jean Jaurès, the old wheat market. Here it turns left and leaves the town heading to Alès, and Nîmes.[1]

Economy[edit]

Sommières used to be a centre for leather and linen.[1]

Personalities[edit]

The writer Lawrence Durrell lived in Sommières from 1966 to 1990.

The writer Alan Furst lived in Sommières in 1969 while teaching at the University of Montpellier on a Fulbright Fellowship.

Radio Sommières 102.9 FM[edit]

Radio Sommières 102.9 FM (also called Radio-S) is one of the biggest non commercial radio exclusively made by teenagers from 9 to 18 years. It is possible to listen to Radio-S in Sommières on 102.9 MHz. But the sending power is limited to 10 W PAR, so it is almost impossible to listen to it outside Sommières. It is possible to listen Radio-S over all the world via the radio's internet site.

The participants are free to create their one program and broadcast it.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Guide Michelin, Gorges du Tarn Cévennes Languedoc, 2nd edition 1994 ISBN 2-06-033702-X
  2. ^ Rickard, J (9 February 2011), Siege of Sommières, 11 February-9 April 1573 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/siege_sommieres.html
  3. ^ Sommières 2000 ans d'histoire... in French
  4. ^ Structurae:The Bridge

External links[edit]