Sondrio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sondrio
Comune
Città di Sondrio
Panorama of Sondrio
Panorama of Sondrio
Coat of arms of Sondrio
Coat of arms
Sondrio within the Province of Sondrio
Sondrio within the Province of Sondrio
Sondrio is located in Italy
Sondrio
Sondrio
Location of Sondrio in Italy
Coordinates: 46°10′N 09°52′E / 46.167°N 9.867°E / 46.167; 9.867
Country Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Sondrio (SO)
Frazioni Arquino, Colda, Gualtieri, Ligari, Moroni, Mossini, Ponchiera, Sant'Anna, Sassella, Triangia, Triasso
Government
 • Mayor Alcide Molteni[1] (PD)
Area
 • Total 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 306 m (1,004 ft)
Population (30 November 2012)[2]
 • Total 21,439
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Demonym Sondriesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 23100
Dialing code 0342
Patron saint Sts. Gervasius and Protasius
Saint day June 19
Website Official website
Biblioteca di Villa Quadrio.
Madonna della Sassella.

Sondrio About this sound listen  (Latin: Sundrium, Italian: Sondrio, Lombard: Sùndri, Romansh: Sunder, archaic German: Sünders) is an Italian town and comune located in the heart of the Valtellina. As of 2012, Sondrio counts approximately 21,500 inhabitants and it is the administrative centre for the province of Sondrio. In 2007, Sondrio was given the Alpine Town of the Year award.

History[edit]

Formerly an Ancient Roman military camp, today's Sondrio was founded by the Lombards: in their language Sundrium meant "Exclusive property", referring to the status of free men (arimanni) of the holders of the city and the surrounding land.

After the fall of the Lombard Kingdom in Italy, Sondrio became part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Capitanei of Vizzola, who controlled much of the Valtellina, had it in 1040 from the emperor Henry II. From 1310 to 1335 the city was involved in the war between the Guelph and Ghibelline factions of the nearby Como, and its war against Milan. After having resisted several attacks by the Comaschi, in 1335 Sondrio and Valtellina became part of the Visconti Milanese dominions.

From the second half of the 16th Century to the 18th Century, Sondrio was governed by the Tre Leghe Grigie ("Three Grey Leagues") of the Grisons, as the capital city of Valtellina. After the Reformation, Sondrio was the centre of heavy struggles between the Catholic Valtellinesi and the Protestant Grisons. In 1620 the citizens, led by Giacomo Robustelli, killed 180 Protestants and declared the independence of the Valtellina.

After the Napoleonic parenthesis, in which it was annexed to the Cisalpine Republic, Sondrio fought gallantly with the Austrian Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia for its independence.

Geography[edit]

The town is located in the middle of the province, and borders with the municipalities of Albosaggia, Caiolo, Castione Andevenno, Faedo Valtellino, Montagna in Valtellina, Spriana and Torre di Santa Maria. Its hamlets (frazioni) are Arquino, Colda, Gualtieri, Ligari, Moroni, Mossini, Ponchiera, Sant'Anna, Sassella, Triangia and Triasso.

Economy[edit]

The territory of Sondrio is has numerous vineyards; wines produced include the Sassella and Grumello. Wine represents one of the main resources of this region, together with tourism, especially in winter.

Another important piece of Sondrio's economy is its banking industry, with the Banca Popolare di Sondrio[3] and the Credito Valtellinese[4] both headquartered in Sondrio and listed on the Milan Stock Exchange.

Main sights[edit]

The heart of Sondrio is its central Garibaldi Square. Not far from it is the Palazzo Sassi, that is home of the Art and History Museum of Valtellina. In a dominant position, near the ancient road to the Valmalenco, linking the town to Switzerland, stands the Masegra Castle, housing the Historical Museum of the Grisons Domination.

The church of Santi Gervasio e Protasio, rebuilt in neo-classicist style in 1838, was once a medieval pieve and has been a collegiate church since as early as the 12th century. Other sights include the Torre Ligariana, once the collegiate's bell tower, and the Palazzo Pretorio, once the seat of the Grisons government.

People[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Sondrio at Wikimedia Commons