Songgyungwan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the present educational institution, see Koryo Songgyungwan University. For other uses, see Seonggyungwan (disambiguation).
Main articles: Gukjagam and Sungkyunkwan
Songgyungwan
Kaesong-Museum-Building-2014.jpg
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Seonggyun-gwan
McCune–Reischauer Sŏnggyun'gwan

The Songgyungwan was the highest educational institution established during the Koryo and Choson Dynasties. It opened in 992. The institution consists of the Taesong Temple, Myongnyun Hall and 20 other buildings, including one of the largest wooden buildings to still exist in the DPRK.[1]

Songgyungwan is located two kilometers to the northeast of the center of the city of Kaesong. Since 1987, it houses the Koryo Museum. [2]

History[edit]

Songgyungwan was originally known as a palace outbuilding called “Taemyon”. The institution was built by King Munjong (the eleventh king of Koryo) and was designated as the principal teaching institute in 1089. The facility was given the name Songgyungwan in 1308. It was later destroyed by fire (in 1592) during the Imjin War. The institution's twenty buildings date from its reconstruction (which started in 1602); they comply with the characteristics required of a Confucian educational establishment of the period. [2]

Scene from a five panel painting showing the Korean crown prince starting his studies at the Songgyungwan academy.

It taught Confuscianism and developed students' ability to handle political and other "practical affairs".[1] Songgyungwan prepared young aristocratic men for the civil service and was the center of Confucian studies in the Dynasty.[3] The institution had the particular responsibility of educating the crown prince; who "upon being invested with that title, underwent the state ceremony of iphak or commencement of learning at the Seonggyun-gwan in accordance with the code of the iphagnye as stipulated in the Gukjo oryeui (Book on the Five Rites of State)". [4] The school remained the national seat of learning until the capital was moved to Seoul under the Yi Dynasty, where the current Sungkyunkwan University became the new national university. [5]

Jeong Mong-ju passed his civil service examinations at the age of twenty-three and became an instructor of Neo-Confucianism at the Songgyungwan Academy in 1367.[6]

Current Status[edit]

The old buildings are not well-suited to the role of a museum, as they lack proper conditions for the conservation and presentation of works of art, and are ill suited for the reception of visitors. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b KCNA (2003–2014). World Cultural Heritage-Historical Relics in Kaesong. Korea Computer Center in DPRKorea & Foreign Languages Publishing House. Event occurs at 05:54. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c CHABANOL, ELISABETH (2005). "Study of the Archaeological and Historical Sites of Kaesong". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Korea Branch (Royal Asiatic Society Korea Branch) 80: 35–57. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Stowell, Jessica A. (2003). "The influence of Confucian values on interpersonal communication in South Korea, compared to China and Japan.". Intercultural Communication Studies (International Association for Intercultural Communication Studies) 12 (3): 105–116. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Jeong-hye, Park (2008). "COURT PAINTINGS ON THE CROWN PRINCES OF THE JOSEON DYNASTY". The International Journal of KOREAN ART and ARCHAEOLOGY (National Museum of Korea) 2: 126–165. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Chongguk, Kim; Chinman, Kim (October 1961). "Some Notes on the Sŏnggyun'gwan". Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Soceity of Korea (RASKB) 38 (2): 69–91. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Choi, Changko (2003). "Traditional Legal Thoughts in Korea". J. Korean L. (Hein) 3 (75). Retrieved 12 July 2014.