Songpan County

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Songpan County
松潘县
ཟུང་ཆུ་
County
The Huanglong terraces
The Huanglong terraces
Location of Songpan County (red) within Ngawa Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Location of Songpan County (red) within Ngawa Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Songpan is located in Sichuan
Songpan
Songpan
Location of the seat in Sichuan
Coordinates: 32°39′N 103°36′E / 32.650°N 103.600°E / 32.650; 103.600Coordinates: 32°39′N 103°36′E / 32.650°N 103.600°E / 32.650; 103.600
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Prefecture Ngawa
County seat Jin'an (进安镇)
Area
 • Total 8,608 km2 (3,324 sq mi)
Elevation 2,867 m (9,406 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 67,972
 • Density 7.9/km2 (20/sq mi)
 • Major nationalities Tibetan, Han, Qiang, Hui
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 623300
Area code(s) 0837

Songpan (Chinese: 松潘; pinyin: Sōngpān; former name Chinese: 松州; pinyin: Sōngzhōu Tibetan: ཟུང་ཆུ་Wylie: zung chu, ZYPY: Sungqu) is a county of northwestern Sichuan province, China, and is one of the 13 counties administered by the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. It has an area of 8,608 square kilometres (3,324 sq mi), and a population of approximately 68,000 composed of Tibetan, Qiang, Han and Hui populations.

Transport[edit]

Economy and Tourism[edit]

The economy of Songpan is dominated by agriculture and livestock raising. In recent years, tourism has become an increasingly important sector, and is actively promoted by the authorities. Apart from the scenic attraction of Huanglong which is located in the county, Songpan with its strategic location also acts as the gateway to Jiuzhaigou Valley at the north.

History[edit]

Architecture in Songpan

The ancient city of Songpan was built during Tang Dynasty and it was later rebuilt during Ming Dynasty. Songpan was an important military post. It was also an important economic and trading center for horse and tea exchange between Sichuan, Gansu, Qinghai and Tibet.

At the time of the Tang Dynasty, it was the border between Tibetan Empire and Chinese Empire. Songtsän Gampo king of Tibet tried to military invade China by this gate. Chinese Emperor Tang Taizong offer him the Princess Wencheng to calm down the Tibetan king at Songzhou (now Songpan) in 641. According to Tibetan and Chinese legends, Princess Wencheng then bring bouddhism to Tibetan Empire.

In August 1935, led by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, the retreating Chinese Communist Army marched through the marshes on the plateau of Songpan to advance to the north western province.

While Songpan can be a charming city in its own right, the countryside surrounding the city offers a variety of tourist attractions. The hills surrounding the city are visual delights of Tibetan cattle herders leading their livestock over rolling grasses, endless valleys, and generally beautiful landscape. All of this can be seen through affordable horseback riding outlets on the outskirts of the city.

Geography and climate[edit]

Songpan covers latitudes 32° 06′−33° 09′ N and longitudes 102° 38′−104° 15′ E, and has a total area of 8,608 square kilometres (3,324 sq mi). Neighbouring counties are Pingwu to the east, Beichuan to the southeast, Mao to the south, Hongyuan and Heishui to the southwest, and Jiuzhaigou and Zoigê to the north.

Due to its altitude, Songpan has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with cool winters and warm, rainy summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −4.0 °C (24.8 °F) in January to 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 5.87 °C (42.6 °F). The high elevation also results in a large diurnal temperature variation, exceeding 17 °C (31 °F) in winter. More than 70% of the 733 mm (28.9 in) of annual precipitation occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 31% in September to 57% in December, the county seat receives 1,831 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Songpan County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.7
(53.1)
15.0
(59)
17.7
(63.9)
19.9
(67.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.2
(72)
18.1
(64.6)
14.3
(57.7)
10.6
(51.1)
7.4
(45.3)
14.48
(58.08)
Average low °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−7.9
(17.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.6
(33.1)
4.4
(39.9)
7.6
(45.7)
9.2
(48.6)
8.5
(47.3)
6.5
(43.7)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
0.23
(32.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 6.5
(0.256)
11.7
(0.461)
33.7
(1.327)
62.7
(2.469)
107.7
(4.24)
123.1
(4.846)
101.2
(3.984)
84.0
(3.307)
115.5
(4.547)
70.4
(2.772)
11.9
(0.469)
4.2
(0.165)
732.6
(28.843)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.0 8.1 13.5 17.2 20.4 21.7 18.5 15.4 19.1 17.9 6.4 4.1 168.3
 % humidity 51 53 59 63 67 72 74 73 75 72 61 53 64.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.0 148.4 160.5 163.3 159.3 136.8 153.3 164.8 113.5 129.6 157.0 175.6 1,831.1
Percent possible sunshine 53 48 43 42 37 32 35 40 31 37 50 57 41
Source: China Meteorological Administration

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]